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[探索发现] 【整理】2009-08-05 Ancient Egypt 走进埃及金字塔-7

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At the center is a hyper--style hole containing a forest of gigantic columns, some of them 70 feet high with capital so big that 50 people could stand on one of them. There are ^, one of them the largest standing in Egypt. There are vast statues of Kings; their ego is frozen in stone under their monumental gateways and vast entrances--pylons. They are the largest in Egypt and decorated like giant billboards with incredible stone carvings. Standing up to 100 feet high, it's a marvel that they were built without cranes of any kind. A clue to their construction still survives.

The vast wall of this pylon was never finished when the wall was abandoned. Ancient Egyptians left behind the clues is how it was built. The mud ramp proves that they used vast earth structures built up against the wall to drag these stones up to the top.

Building to an enormous scale never daunted the kings of ancient Egypt. Each king set out to surpass the last.

"When an ancient Egyptian came to the temple, he was likely to see the name of the latest pharaoh on the front and a generation later, you have exactly the same thing. You rebuild, you improve, you make better."

^ was about rivalry and competition and obelisks were a measure of this. Obelisks marked the first ray of the day's sunlight, and Hatchepsut made sure hers outshone her father's Thatmose I.

At 96 feet high, Hatchepsut's is the tallest surviving obelisk in Egypt. Weighing 323 tons, it was carved from one single piece of granite, 400 miles away at Aswan, here lay the highly priced granite quarries. How were the ancient Egyptians able to cut such a hard stone?

This is a piece of dolerite. It’s a naturally occurring pebble. Essentially what they did is they pounded the surface with this stone, and every time they did, they took minute fragment of the stone surface away. Working day and night includes they slowly but surely would have dug channels like this. So, at one point, they could break it away from the living rock, put it on a boat, and take it down to wherever the obelisk was supposed to be delivered.
本帖最后由 flyivylee 于 2009-8-7 20:01 编辑

Homework

At the center is a hypostyle hall containing a forest of gigantic columns, some of them 70 feet high with capitals so big that 50 people could stand on one of them. The *, one of them the largest standing in Egypt, their vast statues of kings, their eagles frozing on stone, and their monumental gateways in vast entrances - pylons. There the largest in Egypt and decorated like giant billbords with incredible stone carvings. Standing up to 100 feet high, it's a marvel that they were build it without cranes of any kind. A clouted of their construction still survives.

"The vast wall of this pylon was never finished when the war was abandoned. Ancient Egyptians left behind the clues of high wall was built. The mud * proves they used vast earth structures built up against the wall to drag the stomes up the top."

Building to abnormal scale never daunted the kings of ancient Egypt. Each king set out to surpass the last. "When an ancient Egyptian came to the temple, it's likely to see the name of the latest throne on the front. And a generation later, you have exactly the same thing. You rebuild, you improve, you make better."

Karnak was about rival real competition and obelisks were a major of these. Obelisks mark the first rays of the day's sunlight. And Hatchapsut make sure hers outshone her father's, Thutmost the first. At 96 feet high, Hatchapsut's is the tallest surviving obelisk in Egypt. Weighing 323 tons, it was cut from one single piece of granite 400 miles away at Aswan. Here lay the highly qualited  quarries.

How would ancient Egyptians able to cut such a hard stone?"This is a piece of *. It's a naturally curing pebble. Essentially what they did is they pounded the surface with this stone. And everytime they did, they took * fragments of the stone surface away. Working day and night, in crews, they slowly but actually have dug channels like this. So at one point, they could break it away from the living rock, put it on a boat and take it down to everywhere the obelisk is supposed to be delivered.
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[Homework]2009-08-05 Ancient Egypt 走进埃及金字塔-7

On #14 源源
(不知道为什么这个没有整理,把它顶上来,呵呵。
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At the center is a hypostyle hall, containing a forest of gigantic columns, some of them 70 feet high, with capital so big that 50 people could stand on one of them. There are obelisks, one of them the largest standing in Egypt. There are vast statues of kings; their egos frozen in stone. And there are monumental gateways in the vast entrances, pylons.

They are the largest in Egypt/ and decorated like giant billboards with incredible stone carvings. Standing up to 100 feet high, it's a marvel that they would build without cranes of any kind. A clue to their construction still survives.

The vast wall of this pylon was never finished; and when the work was abandoned, the ancient Egyptians left behind the clues to how it was built. The mud ramp proves that they used vast earth structures built up against the wall to drag the stones up to the top.”

Building to an enormous scale never daunted the kings of ancient Egypt. Each king set out to surpass the last.

When an ancient Egyptian came to the temple, he is likely to see the name of the latest pharaoh on the front. And a generation later, you have exactly the same thing. You rebuild, you improve, you make better.

Karnak was about rivalry and competition, and obelisks were a measure of this. Obelisks marked the first rays of the day's sunlight, and Hatchepsut made sure hers outshone her father's, Thatmose I.  At 96 feet high, Hatchepsut's is the tallest surviving obelisk in Egypt. Weighing 323 tons, it was carved from one single piece of granite 400 miles away at Aswan, here lay the highly priced granite quarries. How were the ancient Egyptians able to cut such a hard stone?

This is a piece of dolerite. It's a naturally occurring pebble. Essentially what they did is they pounded the surface with this stone. And every time they did, they took minute fragment of the stone surface away. Working day and night in crews, they slowly but truly would have dug channels like this. So, at one point, they could break it away from the living rock, put it on a boat, and take it down to wherever the obelisk was supposed to be delivered.

Note:
hypostyle:
having many columns carrying the roof or ceiling.多柱式建筑(的)。
obelisk: a tall pointed stone pillar. 方尖石塔。
pylon:
a relatively tall structure at the side of a gate, bridge, or avenue, marking an entrance or approach. 塔门,路标塔。
                                                   
This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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HOMEWORK

At the center is a hypostyle hall containing a forest of gigantic columns, some of them 70 feet high, with capital so big that 50 people could stand on one of them. They are obelisks, one of them the largest standing in Egypt. There are vast statues of kings, their egos frozen in stone. And there are monumental gateways in the vast entrances, pylons. They are the largest in Egypt and decorated like giant billboards with incredible stone carvings. Standing up to 100 feet high, it’s a marvel that they were built without cranes of any kind. A clue to their construction still survives.

“The vast wall of this pylon was never finished and when the work was abandoned, the ancient Egyptians left behind the clues to how it was built. The mud ramp proves that they used vast earth structures built up against the wall to drag the stones up to the top.”

Building to an enormous scale never daunted the kings of ancient Egypt. Each king set out to surpass the last.

“When an ancient Egyptian came to the temple, he is likely to see the name of the latest pharaoh on the front. And a generation later, you have exactly the same thing -- you rebuild, you improve, you make better.”

Karnak was about rivalry and competition, and obelisks were a measure of this. Obelisks marked the first rays of the day’s sunlight, and Hatshepsut made sure hers outshone her father’s, Thutmose I. At 96 feet high, Hatshepsut’s is the tallest surviving obelisk in Egypt. Weighing 323 tons, it was carved from one single piece of granite 400 miles away at Aswan. Here lay the highly priced granite quarries. How were the ancient Egyptians able to cut such a hard stone?

“This is a piece of dolerite. It’s a naturally occurring pebble. Essentially what they did is they pounded the surface with this stone. And every time they did, they took minute fragment of the stone surface away. Working day and night in crews, they slowly but surely would have dug channels like this. So at one point, they could break it away from that living rock, put it on a boat, and take it down to wherever the obelisk was supposed to be delivered.
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