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[探索发现] [整理] 2009-08-07 Ancient Egypt 走进埃及金字塔-8

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[探索发现] [整理] 2009-08-07 Ancient Egypt 走进埃及金字塔-8

本帖最后由 源源1022 于 2009-8-13 08:49 编辑

Seven Wonders of Ancient Egypt 探秘古埃及金字塔


At the dawn of history, the ancient Egyptians showed the world how to build the impossible wonders. In this fascinating documentary special we uncover the secrets of Ancient Egypt Pharaoh, engineers and architects and bring to life great buildings and the ancient Egyptians saw them - towering over their great civilization in the history of Africa, and perhaps the world...






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by 源源1022

 

After the 400-mile river journey to Karnak, the chances of a mistake increase dramatically. Too much pressure in the middle, and the giant slab would snap under its own weight. But this was just the easy part. On arrival at Karnak, the giant granite lump was hauled up a mound, base first. With mental maneuver and sand to do the real work, the giant stone was skillfully lowered into place. With time and enough labor, anything was possible. But then, building techniques were about to change where along came scaffolding.

One king, by the name of Akhenton, was in such a hurry to realize his ambitions. He invented new methods of construction. Under his command, stone blocks were cut to a standard size. Known as a
talatat, they measured about 50 centimeters long and could be easily handled by one man.

"It meant that the whole building process was freed up. An unskilled workman could easily carry the blocks right to the top of the building structure, and the whole process was much faster and cheaper."

But it didn't last. Small blocks were quick to build up, but / even quicker to pull down. And the next Pharaohs, Tutankhamun and Horemheb, both plundered Akhenton
's buildings, the talatat blocks becoming rubble infill for their giant pylons.

So the Pharaohs returned to building
big, and there is one structure at Karnak that not even a giant could pull down: the hypostyle hall is the largest single religious building ever constructed. The vast hall was begun by the Pharaoh Horemheb, continued under Seti I, and completed by his son, Ramesses II in around 1220 BC. It is a forest of columns 70 feet high. How was it put together?

"Ancient Egyptian temples are built using huge columns like this one and architraves that span between them. This was one of their biggest problems, because the architrave had to support not only its own weight but the weight of the great stone roof above."

Extraordinarily, building techniques were only moments away from solving this problem.

"We always think it was the Romans who invented the arch, but the Ancient Egyptians were building them over 1000 years earlier."



Talatat are stone blocks of standardized size (ca. 27 by 27 by 54 cm)


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本帖最后由 tony16 于 2009-8-7 10:28 编辑

Home work


After the 400 mile river journey to Connak, the chances of a mistake increase dramatically. Too much pressure in the middle, and the giant slab would snap under its own weight. But this was just the easy part. On arrival of Connak, the giant granite lot was hold up a mound, base first. With men to maneuver and sent into the real world, the giant stone was skillfully lowered into place. With time and enough labor, anything was possible. But then, building techniques were about to change when a long king scuttled in.  One king, by the name of Akonat, was in such a hurry to realize his ambitions he invented new methods of construction. Under his command,  stone blocks were cut to a standard size, known as a telatat, they measured about 50 center meters long, and could be easily handled by one man.

"It meant the whole building process was freed up, an unskilled workman could easily carry the block right to the top of the building structure and the whole process was much faster and cheaper. "

But it didn't last. Small blocks were quick to build up, but were even quicker to pull down. And the next Pharoals,  Totem Kamar and Horom Hab,  both plandid Akonatin buildings, the telatat blocks became rubble in-fill for their giant pylons.

So the Pharoals return to building big. And there was one structure in Connat that not even a giant could pull down. The hyper-style hall, is the largest single religious building ever constructed. The vase hall was began by the pharol Horom Hab, continued under Satid I, and completed by his son, Ramicy II,  in around 1220 BC. It's a forest of columns 70 feet high. How was it put together?

" Ancient Egyptian temple are built using huge columns like this one, and architraves that stand between them, This was one of their biggest problems. Because the architrave had to support not only its own weight, but the weight of the great stone roof above. Extraordinary, Building techniques were only a moment away from solving this problem.

"We always think that it was the Romans who invented the arch, but the ancient Egyptians were building them over 1000 years earlier.
1

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HW

After the 400-mile-river journey to Karnak, the chances of a mistake increase dramatically.Too much pressure in the middle, and giant slab with snap under its own weight. But this was just the easy part.On arrival of Karnak, the giant granite block was hold up mound, base first.With ** and ** the reel work, the giant stone was skillfully lowered into place.With time and enough labor anything was possible.

But then building techniques were about to change when along came scaffolding.One king, by the name of Akhenaten was in such a hurry to realize his ambitions, invented new methods of construction.Under his command, stone blocks were cut to a standard size. Known as the Talitat, they measured about 50cm long and could be easily handled by one man.

"It meant the whole building processes were freed up, an unskilled workman could easily carry the blocks right to the top of the building structure and the whole processes were much cheaper and faster."

But it didn't last. Small blocks were quick to build up but even quicker to pull down. And the next pharaohs Tutankhamen and Horemheb both planted Akhenaten's buildings. The Talitat block's becoming rubble infill for their giant pylons.So the pharaohs returned to building big and there is one structure at Karnak that not even a giant could pull down.The hyper-style hall is a largest single religious building ever constructed.

The vast hall was begun by the Pharaoh Horemheb, continued under Seti I, and completed by his son Ramses II in around 1220 BC.It is a forest of columns 70 feet high. How was it put together?

"Ancient Egyptian temples are built using huge columns like this one and architraves that stand between them.This is one of their biggest problems. Because the architrave had to support not only its own weight but the weight to the great stone roof above."

Extraordinarily, building techniques were only moments away from solving this problem.

"We are always thinking it was the Romans who invent the arch. But the ancient Egyptians were building them over 1000 years earlier."
1

评分次数

Hope for the best, plan for the worst!
实现无障碍英语沟通
On tony16
After the 400 mile river journey to Connak, the chances of mistake increases dramatically. Too much pressure in the middle, and the giant slab would snap under its own weight. But this was just the easy part. On arrival of Connak, the giant granite lot was mount was hold up a mound, base first. With mental maneuver and sent into the real world, the giant stone was skillfully loaned into place. With time and enough labor, anything was possible. But then, building techniques were about to change when a long came scuffled in.  One king, by the name of Akonat, was in such a hurry to realize his ambitions he invented new methods of construction. Under his command, stone blocks were cut to a standard size, known as a telatat, they measured about 50 centimeters long, and could be easily handled by one man.

"It meant the whole building process was freed up, an unskilled workman could easily carry the block right to the top of the building structure and the whole process was much faster and cheaper.”

But it didn't last. Small blocks were quick to build up, but were even quicker to pull down. And the next
Pharaohs, TotemKumar and Horom Hab,  both plandid Akonatin buildings, the telatat blocksbecaming rubble infill for their giant pylons.

So the
Pharaohs return to building big. And there was one structure in Connat that not even a giant could pull down. The hyper-style hall, is the largest single religious building ever constructed. The vase hall was began by the Pharaoh Horom Hab, continued under Satid I, and completed by his son, Ramicy II,  in around 1220 BC. It is a forest of columns 70 feet high. How was it put together?

“Ancient Egyptian temple are built using huge columns like this one, and architraves that stand between them,
this was one of their biggest problems. Because the architrave had to support not only its own weight, but the weight of the great stone roof above. Extraordinary, Building techniques were only a moment away from solving this problem.

"We always think that it was the Romans who invented the arch, but the ancient Egyptians were building them over 1000 years earlier.


1

评分次数

切磋技艺,共同进步。
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On michacelyang

After the 400 mile river journey to Karnak, the chances of a mistake increase dramatically. Too much pressure in the middle, and the giant slab would snap under its own weight. But this was just the easy part. On arrival of Karnak, the giant granite lot was hold up a mound, base first. With mental maneuver and sent into the real world, the giant stone was skillfully loaned into place. With time and enough labor, anything was possible. But then, building techniques were about to change when a long came scuffled in.  One king, by the name of Akonat, was in such a hurry to realize his ambitions, invented new methods of construction. Under his command, stone blocks were cut to a standard size, known as a telatat, they measured about 50 centimeters long, and could be easily handled by one man.

"It meant the whole building process was freed up, an unskilled workman could easily carry the block right to the top of the building structure and the whole process was much faster and cheaper."

But it didn't last. Small blocks were quick to build up, but were even quicker to pull down. And the next Pharaohs, Tutankhamun and Horom Hab,  both plandid Akonatin buildings, the telatat blocks becaming rubble infill for their giant pylons.

So the Pharaohs return to building big. And there was one structure in Karnak that not even a giant could pull down. The hyper-style hall, is the largest single religious building ever constructed. The vast hall was began by the Pharaoh Horom Hab, continued under Satid I, and completed by his son, Ramicy II,  in around 1220 BC. It is a forest of columns 70 feet high. How was it put together?

"Ancient Egyptian temples are built using huge columns like this one and architraves that stand between them.This is one of their biggest problems. Because the architrave had to support not only its own weight but the weight to the great stone roof above."

Extraordinary, Building techniques were only moments away from solving this problem.

"We are always thinking it was the Romans who invented the arch, but the ancient Egyptians were building them over 1000 years earlier."
1

评分次数

木生山之南,晓露润之。
Homework

After(?) the four hundred mile with the journey to Karnak, the chances of mistake increase dramatically. Too much pressure in the middle, and the giants slipped with snap on its own weight, but this was just the easy part. On the rivel(?) of Karnak, the giant relic rock was hauled upon a mound base first. With * mover and * the real work, the giant stone was skillfully loaded into place. With time and enough labour, anything was possible, but then building technic was about to change when along came scaffold. One king by the name of Akenatem(?), was in such a hurry to realize his ambitions - he invented new methods of construction. Under his command, stone blocks were cut into a standard size. Known as a *, they measured about fifty centmeters long and could be easily handled by one man.
"It * the building process was freed up, and a skilled work man could easily carry the blocks right to the top of the building structure, and the whole process was much faster and cheaper."

But it didn't last, small blocks were quick to build up but even quicker to put down. And the next Pharaohs, Tutankhamun and Harrown Herb(?), both planted * buildings, the * blocks becoming river inflow for their giant pylons. So the Pharaohs returned to building big. And there was one structure at Karnak that not even a giant could pull down. The hyper-style hall is the largest single religious building ever constructed. The vast hall was began by the Pharaoh Harrown Herb, continued on the Seti I and completed by his son Rameses II in around 1220 B.C.. It's a forest of columns 70 feet high. How was it put together?

"Ancient Egyptian temples are built using huge columns like this one, and l could chose to stand between them, this was one of their biggest problems, because they all have to support not only own weight but the weight of the great stone roof above."

Extraordinarily, building technics were only a moment's away from solving this problem.

"We always think with the * of *, for the Ancient Egyptians were building them over thousand years earlier."
"We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars." - Oscar Wilde
本帖最后由 socold 于 2009-8-7 13:47 编辑

On 5# 晓南

After the 400 mile river journey to Karnak, the chances of a mistake increase dramatically. Too much pressure in the middle, and the giant slab would snap under its own weight. But this was just the easy part. On arrival of Karnak, the giant granite lot was hauled up a mound, base first. With mental maneuver and sent into the real work, the giant stone was skillfully lowered into place. With time and enough labor, anything was possible. But then, building techniques were about to change when along came scaffold. One king, by the name of Akonatem, was in such a hurry to realize his ambitions, he invented new methods of construction. Under his command, stone blocks were cut to a standard size, known as a telatat, they measured about 50 centimeters long, and could be easily handled by one man.

"It meant the whole building process was freed up, an unskilled workman could easily carry the block right to the top of the building structure and the whole process was much faster and cheaper."

But it didn't last. Small blocks were quick to build up, but were even quicker to pull down. And the next Pharaohs, Tutankhamun and Horom Hab, both plandid Akonatin buildings, the telatat blocks becaming rubble infill for their giant pylons.

So the Pharaohs returned to building big. And there was one structure in Karnak that not even a giant could pull down. The hyper-style hall, is the largest single religious building ever constructed. The vast hall was began by the Pharaoh Horom Hab, continued under Seti I, and completed by his son, Rameses II, in around 1220 BC. It is a forest of columns 70 feet high. How was it put together?

"Ancient Egyptian temples are built using huge columns like this one and architraves that stand between them. This is one of their biggest problems. Because the architrave had to support not only its own weight but the weight to the great stone roof above."

Extraordinaryly, building techniques were only moments away from solving this problem.

"We are always thinking it was the Romans who invented the arch, but the Ancient Egyptians were building them over 1000 years earlier."
1

评分次数

"We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars." - Oscar Wilde
实现无障碍英语沟通
on socold


After the 400-mile river journey to Karnak, the chances of a mistake increase dramatically. Too much pressure in the middle, and the giant slab would snap under its own weight. But this was just the easy part. On arrival of Karnak, the giant granite lot was hauled up a mound, base first. With mental maneuver and sent into the real work, the giant stone was skillfully lowered into place. With time and enough labor, anything was possible. But then, building techniques were about to change when along came scaffold. One king, by the name of Akonatem, was in such a hurry to realize his ambitions, he invented new methods of construction. Under his command, stone blocks were cut to a standard size, known as a telatat, they measured about 50 centimeters long, and could be easily handled by one man.

"It meant the whole building process was freed up, and unskilled workmen could easily carry the blocks right to the top of the building structure and the whole process was much faster and cheaper."

But it didn't last. Small blocks were quick to build up, but were even quicker to pull down. And the next Pharaohs, Tutankhamun and Horom Hab, both planed Akonatin's buildings, the telatat blocks becaming rubble infill for their giant pylons.

So the Pharaohs returned to building big. And there was one structure in Karnak that not even a giant could pull down. The hyper-style hall, is the largest single religious building ever constructed. The vast hall was began by the Pharaoh Horom Hab, continued under Seti I, and completed by his son, Rameses II, in around 1220 BC. It is a forest of columns 70 feet high. How was it put together?

"Ancient Egyptian temples are built using huge columns like this one and architraves that stand between them. This is one of their biggest problems. Because the architrave had to support not only its own weight but the weight to the great stone roof above."

Extraordinarily, building techniques were only moments away from solving this problem.

"We are always thinking it was the Romans who invented the arch, but the Ancient Egyptians were building them over 1000 years earlier."
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本帖最后由 wukeyu123 于 2009-8-7 18:59 编辑

On 源源

After the 400-mile river journey to Karnak, the chances of a mistake increased dramatically. Too much pressure in the middle, and the giant slab would snap under its own weight. But this was just the easy part. On arrival of Karnak, the giant granite knar was hauled up a mound base first. With mental maneuver and sand to do the real work, the giant stone was skillfully lowered into place. With time and enough labor, anything was possible. But then, building techniques were about to change when along came scaffolding.

One king, by the name of Akhenaten, was in such a hurry to realize his ambitions. He invented new methods of construction. Under his command, stone blocks were cut to a standard size. Known as a talatat, they measured about 50 centimeters long and could be easily handled by one man.

"It meant the whole building process was freed up. An unskilled workman could easily carry the blocks right to the top of the building structure, and the whole process was much faster and cheaper."

But it didn't last. Small blocks were quicker to build up, but were even quicker to pull down. And the next Pharaohs, Tutankhamun and Horemheb, both plundered Akhenaten's buildings, the talatat blocks becoming rubble inflow for their giant pylons.

So the Pharaohs returned to building big. And there was one structure in Karnak that not even a giant could pull down: the hypostyle hall is the largest single religious building ever constructed. The vast hall was began by the Pharaoh Horemheb, continued under Seti I, and completed by his son, Ramesses II in around 1220 BC. It is a forest of columns 70 feet high. How was it put together?

"Ancient Egyptian temples are built using huge columns like this one and architraves that span between them. This is one of their biggest problems, because the architrave had to support not only its own weight but the weight to the great stone roof above."

Extraordinarily, building techniques were only moments away from solving this problem.

"We are always thinking it was the Romans who invented the arch, but the Ancient Egyptians were building them over 1000 years earlier."

好栏目推荐之美国口语俚语
HW After the 400-mile-river journey to Karnak, the chances of a mistake increase dramatically.Too much pressure in the middle, and giant slab with snap under its own weight. But this was just the easy part.On arrival of Karnak, the giant granite block was hold up mound, base first.With ** and ** the reel work, the giant stone was skillfully lowered into place.With time and enough labor anything was possible. But then building techniques were about to change when along came scaffolding.One king, by the name of Akhenaten was in such a hurry to realize his ambitions, invented new methods of construction.Under his command, stone blocks were cut to a standard size. Known as the Talitat, they measured about 50cm long and could be easily handled by one man. "It meant the whole building processes were freed up, an unskilled workman could easily carry the blocks right to the top of the building structure and the whole processes were much cheaper and faster." But it didn't last. Small blocks were quick to build up but even quicker to pull down. And the next pharaohs Tutankhamen and Horemheb both planted Akhenaten's buildings. The Talitat block's becoming rubble infill for their giant pylons.So the pharaohs returned to building big and there is one structure at Karnak that not even a giant could pull down.The hyper-style hall is a largest single religious building ever constructed. The vast hall was begun by the Pharaoh Horemheb, continued under Seti I, and completed by his son Ramses II in around 1220 BC.It is a forest of columns 70 feet high. How was it put together? "Ancient Egyptian temples are built using huge columns like this one and architraves that stand between them.This is one of their biggest problems. Because the architrave had to support not only its own weight but the weight to the great stone roof above." Extraordinarily, building techniques were only moments away from solving this problem. "We are always thinking it was the Romans who invent the arch. But the ancient Egyptians were building them over 1000 years earlier."
1

评分次数

  • lurker2006

我是好人!!!
on wukeyu123

After the 400-mile river journey to Karnak, the chances of a mistake increased dramatically. Too much pressure in the middle, and the giant slab would snap under its own weight. But this was just the easy part. On arrival of Karnak, the giant granite knar was hauled up a mound base first. With mental maneuver and sand to do the real work, the giant stone was skillfully lowered into place. With time and enough labor, anything was possible. But then, building techniques were about to change when along came scaffolding.

One king, by the name of Akhenaten, was in such a hurry to realize his ambitions. He invented new methods of construction. Under his command, stone blocks were cut to a standard size. Known as a talatat, they measured about 50 centimeters long and could be easily handled by one man.

"It meant the whole building process was freed up. An unskilled workman could easily carry the blocks right to the top of the building structure, and the whole process was much faster and cheaper."

But it didn't last. Small blocks were
quick
to build up, but were even quicker to pull down. And the next Pharaohs, Tutankhamun and Horemheb, both plundered Akhenaten's buildings, the talatat blocks becoming rubble inflow for their giant pylons.

So the Pharaohs returned to building big. And there was one structure
at Karnak that not even a giant could pull down: the hypostyle hall is the largest single religious building ever constructed. The vast hall was begun
by the Pharaoh Horemheb, continued under Seti I, and completed by his son, Ramesses II in around 1220 BC. It is a forest of columns 70 feet high. How was it put together?

"Ancient Egyptian temples are built using huge columns like this one and architraves that span between them. This
was
one of their biggest problems, because the architrave had to support not only its own weight but the weight to the great stone roof above."

Extraordinarily, building techniques were only moments away from solving this problem.

"We are always thinking it was the Romans who invented the arch, but the Ancient Egyptians were building them over 1000 years earlier."
1

评分次数

  • lurker2006

on febru

After the 400-mile river journey to Karnak, the chances of a mistake increase/ dramatically. Too much pressure in the middle, and the giant slab would snap under its own weight. But this was just the easy part. On arrival of Karnak, the giant granite knar was hauled up a mound base first. With mental maneuver and sand to do the real work, the giant stone was skillfully lowered into place. With time and enough labor, anything was possible. But then, building techniques were about to change where along came scaffolding.

One king, by the name of Akhenaten, was in such a hurry to realize his ambitions. He invented new methods of construction. Under his command, stone blocks were cut to a standard size. Known as a talatat, they measured about 50 centimeters long and could be easily handled by one man.

"It meant that the whole building process was freed up. An unskilled workman could easily carry the blocks right to the top of the building structure, and the whole process was much faster and cheaper."

But it didn't last. Small blocks were quick to build up, but were even quicker to pull down. And the next Pharaohs, Tutankhamun and Horemheb, both plundered Akhenaten's buildings, the talatat blocks becoming rubble inflow for their giant pylons.

So the Pharaohs return/ to build/ in big, and there is one structure at Karnak that not even a giant could pull down: the hypostyle hall is the largest single religious building ever constructed. The vast hall was begun by the Pharaoh Horemheb, continued under Seti I, and completed by his son, Ramesses II in around 1220 BC. It is a forest of columns 70 feet high. How was it put together?

"Ancient Egyptian temples are built using huge columns like this one and architraves that span between them. This was one of their biggest problems, because the architrave had to support not only its own weight but the weight to the great stone roof above."

Extraordinarily, building techniques were only moments away from solving this problem.

"We are always thinking it was the Romans who invented the arch, but the Ancient Egyptians were building them over 1000 years earlier."
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on qian
After the 400-mile river journey to Karnak, the chances of a mistake increase dramatically. Too much pressure in the middle, and the giant slab would snap under its own weight. But this was just the easy part. On arrival at Karnak, the giant granite lump was hauled up a mound, base first. With mental maneuver and sand to do the real work, the giant stone was skillfully lowered into place. With time and enough labor, anything was possible. But then, building techniques were about to change where along came scaffolding.

One king, by the name of Akhenaten, was in such a hurry to realize his ambitions. He invented new methods of construction. Under his command, stone blocks were cut to a standard size. Known as a talatat, they measured about 50 centimeters long and could be easily handled by one man.

"It meant that the whole building process was freed up. An unskilled workman could easily carry the blocks right to the top of the building structure, and the whole process was much faster and cheaper."

But it didn't last. Small blocks were quick to build up, but were even quicker to pull down. And the next Pharaohs, Tutankhamun and Horemheb, both plundered Akhenaten's buildings, the talatat blocks becoming rubble infill for their giant pylons.

So the Pharaohs return to build in big, and there is one structure at Karnak that not even a giant could pull down: the hypostyle hall is the largest single religious building ever constructed. The vast hall was begun by the Pharaoh Horemheb, continued under Seti I, and completed by his son, Ramesses II in around 1220 BC. It is a forest of columns 70 feet high. How was it put together?

"Ancient Egyptian temples are built using huge columns like this one and architraves that span between them. This was one of their biggest problems, because the architrave had to support not only its own weight but the weight of the great stone roof above."

Extraordinarily, building techniques were only moments away from solving this problem.

"We always think it was the Romans who invented the arch, but the Ancient Egyptians were building them over 1000 years earlier."
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本帖最后由 sylvia_qian 于 2009-8-9 23:40 编辑

为什么没有给我评分???



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这位听友您好,感谢您的参与
我们斑竹的评分原则一般是头贴和改稿贴
其他同学的作业可能因为我们的时间和精力原来不会一一评分了,请见谅
欢迎抢头贴或者改稿哈---sylvia
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本帖最后由 源源1022 于 2009-8-13 08:47 编辑

on lurker


After the 400-mile river journey to Karnak, the chances of a mistake increase dramatically. Too much pressure in the middle, and the giant slab would snap under its own weight. But this was just the easy part. On arrival at Karnak, the giant granite lump was hauled up a mound, base first. With mental maneuver and sand to do the real work, the giant stone was skillfully lowered into place. With time and enough labor, anything was possible. But then, building techniques were about to change where along came scaffolding.

One king, by the name of Akhenton, was in such a hurry to realize his ambitions. He invented new methods of construction. Under his command, stone blocks were cut to a standard size. Known as a talatat, they measured about 50 centimeters long and could be easily handled by one man.

"It meant that the whole building process was freed up. An unskilled workman could easily carry the blocks right to the top of the building structure, and the whole process was much faster and cheaper."

But it didn't last. Small blocks were quick to build up, but / even quicker to pull down. And the next Pharaohs, Tutankhamun and Horemheb, both plundered Akhenton's buildings, the talatat blocks becoming rubble infill for their giant pylons.

So the Pharaohs returned to building big, and there is one structure at Karnak that not even a giant could pull down: the hypostyle hall is the largest single religious building ever constructed. The vast hall was begun by the Pharaoh Horemheb, continued under Seti I, and completed by his son, Ramesses II in around 1220 BC. It is a forest of columns 70 feet high. How was it put together?

"Ancient Egyptian temples are built using huge columns like this one and architraves that span between them. This was one of their biggest problems, because the architrave had to support not only its own weight but the weight of the great stone roof above."

Extraordinarily, building techniques were only moments away from solving this problem.

"We always think it was the Romans who invented the arch, but the Ancient Egyptians were building them over 1000 years earlier."




Talatat are stone blocks of standardized size (ca. 27 by 27 by 54 cm
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