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[探索发现] [整理] 2009-08-09 Ancient Egypt 走进埃及金字塔-9

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[探索发现] [整理] 2009-08-09 Ancient Egypt 走进埃及金字塔-9

本帖最后由 源源1022 于 2009-8-14 10:40 编辑

Seven Wonders of Ancient Egypt 探秘古埃及金字塔


At the dawn of history, the ancient Egyptians showed the world how to build the impossible wonders. In this fascinating documentary special we uncover the secrets of Ancient Egypt Pharaoh, engineers and architects and bring to life great buildings and the ancient Egyptians saw them - towering over their great civilization in the history of Africa, and perhaps the world...






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But without keystones, Egyptian arches had to lean backwards to support each other. They were used only for utilitarian buildings like these Marduk storerooms over 3000 years old. Undaunted, the ancient Egyptians simply carried the weight with enormous columns.

"Columns became so big that their bases were built out of two stones like this
, brought together. The perfect joint down in the middle. They will be left rough in the whole column built on top of it."

Earth was banked up around them as they grew to 70 feet high. Bridging the gap between each capital was a vast architrave, a single block of sandstone spanning 30 feet. These could weigh up to 80 tons and had to be hauled up onto the site. These architraves were placed onto the roughly built columns. Now the stone masons worked their way down, creating beautiful carved columns. And if a mistake was made, plaster was used to cover the cracks. Later, these relief carvings were exquisitely painted as they worked their way down slowly the earth mound was dug away.

Ramsses II completed the hall using deep sunken outlines and buckets of plaster, changing the decorations to his own image and rewriting history. And he set out to cover Egypt 
monuments to glorify his name. The most famous is his temple at Abu Simbel.

Ramsses' power extended as far south as the deserts of Nubia where he built 7 temples. The most impressive is the Abu Simbel. It was built to advertise Ramsses' ultimate power and it would become the finest rock-cut temple in the world. Gangs of masons set to work on the facade to transform a cliff face into two pairs of enormous statues of the pharaoh. Carved out of a living rock, they would have been 69 feet high. Why did Ramsses choose this remote desert as the site for his temple?

"He probably built it because there was a fine piece of rock. It was located close to the Nile. And anyone coming from the south would be immediately struck by the majesty of Egypt."

Nubia was important for mining and for traders coming from the south. Lying far from Thebes, the area was free from the power of the priesthood at  Karnak. And so here Ramsses could pay less attention to the established Gods and could concentrate on promoting his own image.

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HW

But without key stones, Egyptian arches had to lean backwards to support each other. They used only for utilitarian buildings like these ** stone rooms over 3000 years old. Undaunted the ancient Egyptians simply carried the weight with the enormous columns.

"Columns became so big that basis were built large of two stones like this.Put together. The perfect joined at the middle. It will be left rough in the whole column built on top of it."

Earth was banked up round them as they grew to 7 feet high. Region the gap between each capital was a vast architrave, a single block of sandstone spanning 30 feet. This could weight up to 80 tons and had to be hold upon to the site. These architraves were placed onto the roughly built columns now the stone mason worked their way down, creating beautiful carved columns. And if a mistake was made, plaster was used to cover the cracks. Later, these relief carvings were exquisitely painted as they worked their way down.

Ramses II completed the hall using deep ** outlines and buckets of plaster,changing the decorations to his own image and rewriting history. And he set out to cover Egypt monuments to glorify his name. The most famous is his temple at Abu Simbel. Ramses's power extended as far south as the deserts of Nubia where he built 7 temples. The most impressive is Abu Simbel. It was built to advertise Ramses's ultimate power and it would become the finest rock cut temple in the world. Gangs of mason set to work on the facade to transformer cliff face into two pairs of enormous statues of the pharaoh. Carved out of the living rock, they would be 69 feet high. Why did Ramses choose this remote desert as the site for his temple?

"He probably built it because there was a fine piece of rock.It was located close to the Nile.And anyone coming from the south would be immediately struck by the majesty of Egypt."

Nubia was important for mining and for traders coming from the south.Lying far from thieves, the area was free from the power of the ** Karnak. And so here Ramses could pay less attention to the established Gods and could concentrate on promoting his own image.
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  • 源源1022

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Homework

But without keystones, Egyptian arches had to lean backwards to support each other. They would be used only for utilitarian buildings like these / storerooms over 3,000 years old. Undaunted, the ancient Egyptians simply carried the weight with enormous columns.

Columns became so big that bases were built out of two stones like these, put together, the perfect joint done in the middle. They would be left rough in the whole column built on top of it.

Earth was banked up around them as they grew to 70 feet high. Bridging the gap between each capital was a vast architrave, a single block of sandstone spanning 30 feet. These could weigh up to 80 tons and had to be hauled up onto the site. These architraves were placed onto the roughly-built columns. Now the stone masons worked their way down, creating beautiful carved columns. And if a mistake was made, plaster was used to cover the cracks. Later, these relief carvings were exquisitely painted. As they worked their way down, slowly the earth mound was done the way.

Ramesses II completed the hall using deep sunken outlines and buckets of plaster changing the decorations to his own image and rewriting history, and he set out to cover Egyptian monuments to glorify his name. The most famous is his temple at Abu Simbel. Ramesses power extended as far south as the desert to Nubia, where he built seven temples. The most impressive is at Abu Simbel. It was built to advertise Ramesses' ultimate power and it would become the finest rock-cut temple in the world. Gangs of mansons set to work on the facade to transform a cliff-face into two pairs of enormous statues of the pharaoh. Carved out of the living rock, they would be 69 feet high. Why did Ramesses choose this remote desert as the site for his temple?

He probably built it because there was a fine piece of rock. It was located close to the Nile and anyone coming from the south would be immediately struck by the majesty of Egypt.

Nubia was important for mining and for traders coming from the south. Lying far from Thebes, the area was free from the power of the priest toward Karnak. And so here, Ramesses could pay less attention to the established gods, and could concentrate on promoting his own image.
1

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实现无障碍英语沟通
本帖最后由 源源1022 于 2009-8-9 14:13 编辑

on arnosue


But without keystones, Egyptian arches had to lean backwards to support each other. They've used only for utilitarian buildings like these ** stone rooms over 3000 years old. Undaunted the ancient Egyptians simply carried the weight with the enormous columns.

"Columns became so big that basis were built out of two stones like this.Put together. The perfect joint at the middle. It will be left rough in the whole column built on top of it."

Earth was banked up around them as they grew to 70 feet high. Region the gap between each capital was a vast architrave, a single block of sandstone spanning 30 feet. This could weight up to 80 tons and had to be hauled up onto the site. These architraves were placed onto the roughly built columns now the stone masons worked their way down, creating beautiful carved columns. And if a mistake was made, plaster was used to cover the cracks. Later, these relief carvings were exquisitely painted as they worked their way down slowly the earth mound was done away.

Ramsses II completed the hall using deep sunken outlines and buckets of plaster,changing the decorations to his own image and rewriting history. And he set out to cover Egypt monuments to glorify his name. The most famous is his temple at Abu Simbel. Ramsses's power extended as far south as the deserts of Nubia where he built 7 temples. The most impressive is Abu Simbel. It was built to advertise Ramsses's ultimate power and it would become the finest rock cut temple in the world. Gangs of mason set to work on the facade to transform a cliff face into two pairs of enormous statues of the pharaoh. Carved out of the living rock, they would be 69 feet high. Why did Ramsses choose this remote desert as the site for his temple?

"He probably built it because there was a fine piece of rock.It was located close to the Nile.And anyone coming from the south would be immediately struck by the majesty of Egypt."

Nubia was important for mining and for traders coming from the south.Lying far from Thebes, the area was free from the power of the priest toward Karnak. And so here Ramsses could pay less attention to the established Gods and could concentrate on promoting his own image.
继续努力!!!
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本帖最后由 flyivylee 于 2009-8-9 15:34 编辑

on 源源1022

But without keystones, Egyptian arches had to lean backwards to support each other. They've used only for utilitarian buildings like these Marduk stone rooms over 3000 years old. Undaunted the ancient Egyptians simply carried the weight with the enormous columns.

"Columns became so big that basis were built out of two stones like this. Brought together. The perfect joint down in the middle. They will be left rough in the whole column built on top of it."

Earth was banked up around them as they grew to 70 feet high. Region the gap between each capital was a vast architrave, a single block of sandstone spanning 30 feet. This could weight up to 80 tons and had to be hauled up onto the site. These architraves were placed onto the roughly built columns now the stone masons worked their way down, creating beautiful carved columns. And if a mistake was made, plaster was used to cover the cracks. Later, these relief carvings were exquisitely painted as they worked their way down slowly the earth mound was dug away.

Ramsses II completed the hall using deep sunken outlines and buckets of plaster, changing the decorations to his own image and rewriting history. And he set out to cover Egypt monuments to glorify his name. The most famous is his temple at Abu Simbel.

Ramsses's power extended as far south as the deserts of Nubia where he built 7 temples. The most impressive is Abu Simbel. It was built to advertise Ramsses's ultimate power and it would become the finest rock cut temple in the world. Gangs of mason set to work on the facade to transform a cliff face into two pairs of enormous statues of the pharaoh. Carved out of the living rock, they would be 69 feet high. Why did Ramsses choose this remote desert as the site for his temple?

"He probably built it because there was a fine piece of rock. It was located close to the Nile. And anyone coming from the south would be immediately struck by the majesty of Egypt."

Nubia was important for mining and for traders coming from the south. Lying far from Thebes, the area was free from the power of the priest to the Karnak. And so here Ramsses could pay less attention to the established Gods and could concentrate on promoting his own image.
1

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on 5# flyivylee

But without keystones, Egyptian arches had to lean backwards to support each other. They'd be used only for utilitarian buildings like these Marduk stone rooms over 3000 years old. Undaunted the ancient Egyptians simply carried the weight with the enormous columns.

"Columns became so big that basis were built out of two stones like this. Brought together. The perfect joint down in the middle. They will be left rough in the whole column built on top of it."

Earth was banked up around them as they grew to 70 feet high. Region the gap between each capital was a vast architrave, a single block of sandstone spanning 30 feet. This could
weigh up to 80 tons and had to be hauled up onto the site. These architraves were placed onto the roughly built columns. N
ow the stone masons worked their way down, creating beautiful carved columns. And if a mistake was made, plaster was used to cover the cracks. Later, these relief carvings were exquisitely painted as they worked their way down slowly the earth mound was dug away.

Ramsses II completed the hall using deep sunken outlines and buckets of plaster, changing the decorations to his own image and rewriting history. And he set out to cover Egypt monuments to glorify his name. The most famous is his temple at Abu Simbel.

Ramsses's power extended as far south as the deserts of Nubia where he built 7 temples. The most impressive is Abu Simbel. It was built to advertise Ramsses's ultimate power and it would become the finest rock cut temple in the world. Gangs of mason set to work on the facade to transform a cliff face into two pairs of enormous statues of the pharaoh. Carved out of the living rock, they would be 69 feet high. Why did Ramsses choose this remote desert as the site for his temple?

"He probably built it because there was a fine piece of rock. It was located close to the Nile. And anyone coming from the south would be immediately struck by the majesty of Egypt."

Nubia was important for mining and for traders coming from the south. Lying far from Thebes, the area was free from the power of the priest to the Karnak. And so here Ramsses could pay less attention to the established Gods and could concentrate on promoting his own image.
人間の優劣は、他者との比較で決めるものではなく、自分自身の中で決定されるもの。

on ljdsoft

But without keystones, Egyptian arches had to lean backwards to support each other. They'd be used only for utilitarian buildings like these Marduk stone rooms over 3000 years old. Undaunted the ancient Egyptians simply carried the weight with / enormous columns.

"Columns became so big that basis were built out of two stones like
these
. Brought together. The perfect joint down in the middle. They will be left rough in the whole column built on top of it."

Earth was banked up around them as they grew to 70 feet high.
Bridging the gap between each capital was a vast architrave, a single block of sandstone spanning 30 feet. These
could weigh up to 80 tons and had to be hauled up onto the site. These architraves were placed onto the roughly built columns. Now the stone masons worked their way down, creating beautiful carved columns. And if a mistake was made, plaster was used to cover the cracks. Later, these relief carvings were exquisitely painted as they worked their way down slowly the earth mound was dug away.

Ramsses II completed the hall using deep sunken outlines and buckets of plaster, changing the decorations to his own image and rewriting history. And he set out to cover Egypt monuments to glorify his name. The most famous is his temple at Abu Simbel.

Ramsses's power extended as far south as the deserts of Nubia where he built 7 temples. The most impressive is Abu Simbel. It was built to advertise Ramsses's ultimate power and it would become the finest rock cut temple in the world. Gangs of mason
s set to work on the facade to transform a cliff face into two pairs of enormous statues of the pharaoh. Carved out of a
living rock, they would be 69 feet high. Why did Ramsses choose this remote desert as the site for his temple?

"He probably built it because there was a fine piece of rock. It was located close to the Nile. And anyone coming from the south would be immediately struck by the majesty of Egypt."

Nubia was important for mining and for traders coming from the south. Lying far from Thebes, the area was free from the power of the priest
toward Karnak. And so here Ramsses could pay less attention to the established Gods and could concentrate on promoting his own image.
实现无障碍英语沟通
本帖最后由 sylvia_qian 于 2009-8-10 00:19 编辑

Homework
But without key stones , Egyptian artists had to leaned on the * to support each other , they would use utilitarian building lke this *stones of three thousand years old .Undawned the ancient Egyptians simply carried the waves of the normalest columns .

“They are so big , but their basis was bulit on two stones like this , fold together and perfect join done in the middle . They will be left rough in the whole cores . Earth was *around them as they grew to seventy feet high, bridging the gap between each capital was a vast *. A single block of sun stone spanning 30 feet . These could weight up to 80 tons and had up to be held on to the site . These  were played to the rough built columns . Now the stone basis worked what they done creating beautiful carved columns. A little mistake was made * were used to cover the crafts .

Later, these relief carvings were painted . As they were done , slowly earth months done were done away

Ramsses second completed the whole using deep sucken lines baskets of * changing the decoration as his an image and rewriting history and he set out to carve the Egypt of monument that glorify his name . The most glorious  is his  temple  of Abu Simbel. Ramsses extended itself at the deserts of * when he build seven temples .the most impressive was Abu Simbul . It was built to advertise Ramsses out power and it will become the final rough carved temple in the world .

*and * set to work on the to transform the clear face two normal statues of pharaoh . They carved the out of living rock . They would be 69 feet higher, widest Ramsses choose the most desert to set their temple .

He would probably build this because he find a piece of rock it was located close to the Nile , and anyone coming from the south would immediately strike by the majesty of Egypt . * was important mining as previous coming from south , * far from feet . The area were free from tourist . And so here Ramsses pay less attention to establish and concentrate promoting his own image.

好难哦,芊芊斑斑




----------------
小卡努力哈,欢迎参与---sylvia
1

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  • sylvia_qian

普特听力大课堂
on febru

But without keystones, Egyptian arches had to lean backwards to support each other. They'd be used only for utilitarian buildings like these Marduk
storerooms over 3000 years old. Undaunted the ancient Egyptians simply carried the weight with / enormous columns.


"Columns became so big that bases were built out of two stones like these, brought together. The perfect joint down in the middle. They will be left rough in the whole column built on top of it."

Earth was banked up around them as they grew to 70 feet high. Bridging the gap between each capital was a vast architrave, a single block of sandstone spanning 30 feet. These could weigh up to 80 tons and had to be hauled up onto the site. These architraves were placed onto the roughly built columns. Now the stone masons worked their way down, creating beautiful carved columns. And if a mistake was made, plaster was used to cover the cracks. Later, these relief carvings were exquisitely painted as they worked their way down slowly the earth mound was dug away.

Ramsses II completed the hall using deep sunken outlines and buckets of plaster, changing the decorations to his own image and rewriting history. And he set out to cover Egypt monuments to glorify his name. The most famous is his temple at Abu Simbel.

Ramsses'/ power extended as far south as the deserts of Nubia where he built 7 temples. The most impressive is the Abu Simbel. It was built to advertise Ramsses'/ ultimate power and it would become the finest rock-cut temple in the world. Gangs of masons set to work on the facade to transform a cliff face into two pairs of enormous statues of the pharaoh. Carved out of a living rock, they would have been 69 feet high. Why did Ramsses choose this remote desert as the site for his temple?

"He probably built it because there was a fine piece of rock. It was located close to the Nile. And anyone coming from the south would be immediately struck by the majesty of Egypt."

Nubia was important for mining and for traders coming from the south. Lying far from Thebes, the area was free from the power of the priest toward Karnak. And so here Ramsses could pay less attention to the established Gods and could concentrate on promoting his own image.
好栏目推荐之美国口语俚语
本帖最后由 lurker2006 于 2009-8-10 12:16 编辑

on qian

But without keystones, Egyptian arches had to lean backwards to support each other. They were used only for utilitarian buildings like these Marduk
storerooms over 3000 years old. Undaunted, the ancient Egyptians simply carried the weight with enormous columns.

"Columns became so big that their bases were built out of two stones like these, brought together. The perfect joint down in the middle. They will be left rough in the whole column built on top of it."

Earth was banked up around them as they grew to 70 feet high. Bridging the gap between each capital was a vast architrave, a single block of sandstone spanning 30 feet. These could weigh up to 80 tons and had to be hauled up onto the site. These architraves were placed onto the roughly built columns. Now the stone masons worked their way down, creating beautiful carved columns. And if a mistake was made, plaster was used to cover the cracks. Later, these relief carvings were exquisitely painted as they worked their way down slowly the earth mound was dug away.

Ramsses II completed the hall using deep sunken outlines and buckets of plaster, changing the decorations to his own image and rewriting history. And he set out to cover Egypt in monuments to glorify his name. The most famous is his temple at Abu Simbel.

Ramsses' power extended as far south as the deserts of Nubia where he built 7 temples. The most impressive is the Abu Simbel. It was built to advertise Ramsses' ultimate power and it would become the finest rock-cut temple in the world. Gangs of masons set to work on the facade to transform a cliff face into two pairs of enormous statues of the pharaoh. Carved out of a living rock, they would have been 69 feet high. Why did Ramsses choose this remote desert as the site for his temple?

"He probably built it because there was a fine piece of rock. It was located close to the Nile. And anyone coming from the south would be immediately struck by the majesty of Egypt."

Nubia was important for mining and for traders coming from the south. Lying far from Thebes, the area was free from the power of the priesthood at  Karnak. And so here Ramsses could pay less attention to the established Gods and could concentrate on promoting his own image.
行到水穷处      坐看云起时
Homework

But without key stones, Egyptian arches have to lean backwards to support each other. They were used only for utilitarian buildings like these Mardarch Storenze over 3,000 years old. Undaunted, the Ancient Egyptian simply carry the weight of the normals columns.

"Columns became so big that bases were built to have two stands like this. All together, the perfect join down the middle. They would be left rough and * built on toliday."

Earth was * round them as they grew to 78 feet high. Breaching(?) the gap between each capital, was a vast architrave, a single block of sand stone expanding 30 feet. These could weigh up to 80 tons and had to be hauled upon to the site. These architraves were placed onto the roughly built columns. Now the stonemason's what we have done creating beautiful carved columns. And if a mistake was made, plaster was used to cover the cracks.

Later, these relief card was with exquisitely painted, as they worked the way down slowly the earth * was dug away. Ramesses II completed the hall using deep sunken outlines and bucketes of plaster, changing the decorations to his only mention and rewriting history. And it set out to cover Egypt Monuments to glorify his name. The most famous is his temple at Abu Simbel.

Ramsses's power extended as far south as the deserts of Liberia, where he built seven temples. The most impressive is the Abu Simbel. It was built to advertise Ramsses's out of power. And it would become the finest rock-cut temple in the world.

Gans of masen sept to work on the *, they transformed cliff-face into the two pairs of normal statues of the Pharaoh. Carved out of a living rock, they would be 69 feet high. Why did Ramsses chose this remote desert as the site for his temple?

"He probably built it because there was a fine piece of rock, it was located close to the Nile. And anyone coming from the south would be immediately struck by the majesty of Egypt."

Liberia was important for minding infiltrators coming from the south. Lying far from thieves, the area was free from the parry of the * the Karnak. And so here, Ramsses could pay less attention to the established gods and could concentrate on promoting his own image.
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"We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars." - Oscar Wilde
on lurker


But without keystones, Egyptian arches had to lean backwards to support each other. They were used only for utilitarian buildings like these Marduk storerooms over 3000 years old. Undaunted, the ancient Egyptians simply carried the weight with enormous columns.

"Columns became so big that their bases were built out of two stones like this, brought together. The perfect joint down in the middle. They will be left rough in the whole column built on top of it."

Earth was banked up around them as they grew to 70 feet high. Bridging the gap between each capital was a vast architrave, a single block of sandstone spanning 30 feet. These could weigh up to 80 tons and had to be hauled up onto the site. These architraves were placed onto the roughly built columns. Now the stone masons worked their way down, creating beautiful carved columns. And if a mistake was made, plaster was used to cover the cracks. Later, these relief carvings were exquisitely painted as they worked their way down slowly the earth mound was dug away.

Ramsses II completed the hall using deep sunken outlines and buckets of plaster, changing the decorations to his own image and rewriting history. And he set out to cover Egypt / monuments to glorify his name. The most famous is his temple at Abu Simbel.

Ramsses' power extended as far south as the deserts of Nubia where he built 7 temples. The most impressive is the Abu Simbel. It was built to advertise Ramsses' ultimate power and it would become the finest rock-cut temple in the world. Gangs of masons set to work on the facade to transform a cliff face into two pairs of enormous statues of the pharaoh. Carved out of a living rock, they would have been 69 feet high. Why did Ramsses choose this remote desert as the site for his temple?

"He probably built it because there was a fine piece of rock. It was located close to the Nile. And anyone coming from the south would be immediately struck by the majesty of Egypt."

Nubia was important for mining and for traders coming from the south. Lying far from Thebes, the area was free from the power of the priesthood at  Karnak. And so here Ramsses could pay less attention to the established Gods and could concentrate on promoting his own image.
继续努力!!!
每天半小时 轻松提高英语口语
But without keystones, Egyptian arches had to lean backwards to support each other. They were used only for utilitarian buildings like these Marduk storerooms over 3000 years old. Undaunted, the ancient Egyptians simply carried the weight with enormous columns.

"Columns became so big that their bases were built out of two stones like this, brought together. The perfect joint down in the middle. They will be left rough in the whole column built on top of it."

Earth was banked up around them as they grew to 70 feet high. Bridging the gap between each capital was a vast architrave, a single block of sandstone spanning 30 feet. These could weigh up to 80 tons and had to be hauled up onto the site. These architraves were placed onto the roughly built columns. Now the stone masons worked their way down, creating beautiful carved columns. And if a mistake was made, plaster was used to cover the cracks. Later, these relief carvings were exquisitely painted as they worked their way down slowly the earth mound was dug away.

Ramsses II completed the hall using deep sunken outlines and buckets of plaster, changing the decorations to his own image and rewriting history. And he set out to cover Egypt monuments to glorify his name. The most famous is his temple at Abu Simbel.

Ramsses' power extended as far south as the deserts of Nubia where he built 7 temples. The most impressive is the Abu Simbel. It was built to advertise Ramsses' ultimate power and it would become the finest rock-cut temple in the world. Gangs of masons set to work on the facade to transform a cliff face into two pairs of enormous statues of the pharaoh. Carved out of a living rock, they would have been 69 feet high. Why did Ramsses choose this remote desert as the site for his temple?

"He probably built it because there was a fine piece of rock. It was located close to the Nile. And anyone coming from the south would be immediately struck by the majesty of Egypt."

Nubia was important for mining and for traders coming from the south. Lying far from Thebes, the area was free from the power of the priesthood at  Karnak. And so here Ramsses could pay less attention to the established Gods and could concentrate on promoting his own image.
HOMEWORK

But without key stones, Egyptian arches had to lean backwards to support each other. They were used only for utilitarian buildings like these Marduk storerooms over 3,000 years old. Undaunted, the ancient Egyptians simply carried the weight with enormous columns.

“Columns became so big that their bases were built out of two stones like these, brought together, the perfect joint down in the middle. They will be left rough in the whole column built on top of it.”

Earth was banked up around them as they grew to 70 feet high. Bridging the gap between each capital was a vast architrave, a single block of sandstone spanning 30 feet. These could weigh up to 80 tons and had to be hauled up onto the site. These architraves were placed onto the roughly built columns. Now the stone masons worked their way down, creating beautiful carved columns. And if a mistake was made, plaster was used to cover the cracks. Later, these relief carvings were exquisitely painted as they worked their way down, slowly the earth mound was dug away.

Ramesses II completed the hall using deep sunken outlines and buckets of plaster, changing the decorations to his own image and rewriting history. And he set out to cover Egypt and monuments to glorify his name. The most famous is his temple at Abu Simbel.

Ramesses’ power extended as far south as the deserts of Nubia where he built seven temples. The most impressive is at Abu Simbel. It was built to advertize Ramesses’ ultimate power, and it would become the finest rock-cut temple in the world. Gangs of masons set to work on the façade to transform a cliff face into two pairs of enormous statues of the pharaoh. Carved out of a living rock, they would be 69 feet high. Why did Ramesses choose this remote desert as the site for this temple?

“He probably built it because there was a fine piece of rock. It was located close to the Nile, and anyone coming from the south would be immediately struck by the majesty of Egypt.”

Nubia was important for mining and for traders coming from the south. Lying far from Thebes, the area was free from the power of the priesthood at Karnak. And so here Ramesses could pay less attention to the established gods and could concentrate on promoting his own image.
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