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[report整理] Words and Their Stories 2009-11-08

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[Homework]Words and Their Stories 2009-11-08

Now the VOA speical English Program,words and their stories.
Today we tell about the word---wildcat.Humans have always depended on animals.From the beginning of the human history,wild animals provided food,clothing and sometimes medicine.We may not depend as much on wild animals now,but we hear about them every day.Americans use the name of the animals in many ways.
Many companies use animals to make us want to buy their goods.Automobile companies,for example,love to show fast horses when they are tring to sale their cars.They also name the cars for other fast,powerful animals.Automobile manufacturers and gasoline companies especially like to use big cats to sell their products.They like lions,tigers,and wildcats.When Americans say wildcat,they usually mean a lynx,an ocelot or a bobcat.All these cats attack quickly and fiercely,so wildcats represent something fast and fierce.What better way is there to sell a car than to say it is as fast as wildcat.Or what better way is there to sale gasoline than to say that using it is like putting a tiger in your tank.
An earlier American use of the word wildcat was quite different.It was used to describe members of congress who declared War on Britain in 1812.A magazine of that years said the wildcat congressmen went home.It is said they were unable to face the responsibility of having involved their country in an unnecessary war.Wildcat also has been used to as a name for money.It was used this way in 1800's.At that time,some states permitted banks to make their own money.One bank in the state of Michigan offered paper money with a picture of wildcat on it.Some banks,however,did not have enough gold to support all the paper money they offered,so the money had little or no value.It was called a wildcat bill or a wildcat banknote.The banks offered this money were called wildcat banks.A newspaper at the time said those were the days of wildcat money.It's said a man might be rich in the morning and poor by night.
Wildcat was used in another way in 1800's,It was used for an oil well or goldmine that had almost no oil or gold in it.Dishonest developers would buy such a property then we would sell it and leave town with the money.The buyers were left with worthless holes in the ground.Today wildcats oil well are in areas that are known to have oil.
Yet another kind of wildcat is the wildcat strike.That is a strike called without official approval by the Union.During the world war two,an American publication accuse wildcat striker of slowing government production.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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