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[report整理] Words and Their Stories 2009-11-08

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[Homework]Words and Their Stories 2009-11-08

[homework]
Now, the VOA special English program: words and their stories. Today we tell about the word: wildcat. Humans have always depend on the animals. From the begining of human history, wild animals provided food, clothing, and sometimes medicine. We may not depend as much on wild animals now, but we hear about them everyday. Americans use the names of animals in many ways.
Many companies use animals to make us want to buy their goods. Automoblie companies, for example, hope to show fast forces when they are trying to sell their cars. They also name their car for other powerful animals. Automoblie manufacturers and gasonline companies especially like to use big cats to sell their products. They like lions, tigers, and wildcats.
When American say  wildcat, they usually mean a links and * all about cat. All these cats attack quickly and fiercely. So wildcats represent something fast and fierce. What a better way is there to sell a car than to say it is as fast as a wildcat. Or what a better way is there to sell gasonline than to say that using it like putting a tiger in your tank.
And early American use of the word wildcat was quite different. It was used to describe members of Congress who declared the war on Britan in 1812. A magazine of that year said, the wildcat congress men went home. It said they were unable to face the responsibility of having involved their country into an uncessary war.
Wildcat also has been used as a name for money. It was used this way in the 1800s. At that time, some states permit banks to make their own money. One bank in the state of Michigan offer paper money with a picture of a wildcat on it. Some banks, however, did not have enough gold to support all the paper money they offered. So the money had little or no value. It was called a wildcat bill or a wildcat bank note. The bank who offer this money were called wildcat banks. A newspaper of the time said, those was the days of wildcat money. It said a man might be rich in the morning and poor by night.
Wildcat was used in another way in the 1800s. It was used for an oil well or gold mine that had almost no oil or gold in it. Dishonst develpers would buy such property, then they would sell it and leave town with the money. The buyers will left with the worthless holes and ground. Today, wildcat oil wells are in areas that are not known to have oil.
Yet another kind of the wildcat is the wildcat strike. That is a strike called without official approved by a union. During World War II, an American pubilication accused wildcat strike of slowing government production.
This VOA special English program, Words and Their Stories was written by Jerry Watson. I'm Warrn Share.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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