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[Homework]SENEWS-2010-03-23

This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.

Suppose you eat rice every day, but one day you go to the store and discovery that the price is more than you can pay. That happened to millions of people two years ago at the height of the world food crisis
.

Between April of two thousand seven and March of two thousand eight, the price of rice doubled in many areas. Economists blamed the crisis on different causes, including high energy costs, bad weather and the use of food crop lands for biofuel production
.

High food prices pushed more people in developing countries into poverty and hunger. Some researchers say people living in cities in west Africa may have suffered most of all
.

Geographers from three American colleges did the study that will appear in the preceedings of the National Academy Sciences. We are mostly in the College in Minnesota led the study. The team looked at thirty years world's information on food security and agriculture policy in Gambia, Ivory Coast and Mali
.

Most of the researchers centered on rice, an important crop in those three west African countries. The researchers say Gambia and Ivory Coast suffered more during the food crisis than Mali did. They say this was because people in Gambia and Ivory Coast had come to depend on imported rice
.

Local rice production failed after the country's reduced farm supports and import taxes under free market reforms. That meant rice farmers were not only earning less but facing greater competition from imports. Then when the food crisis hit, the cost of foreign rice shut up. The researchers say Mali suffered less because it depended less on imported rice in part because of geography. Mali is not a coastal country with ports like Ivory Coast and Gambia
.

Lawrence Becker from Oregon State University says after gaining independence, African nations try to help farmers
.

Governments provided low-cost seeds and fertilizers. They built processing bills and roads to markets, and they protected their markets with high tariffs on imported food. But the late nineteen seventies and nineteen eighties those countries no longer had much money to help farmers, so they changed policies and tried another way to improve agriculture. Governments and major lenders, like the World Bank and International Monetary Fund turned to free market policies
.

We will talk more next week about how the researches linked that change to the effects of the current food crisis. And that's the VOA Special English Agriculture Report, written by Jeroline Waston. I'm Steve Ember.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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This is the VOA special English agriculture report.
Suppose you eat rice every day, but one day you go to the store and discover that the price is more than you can pay. That happen to millions of people two years ago at the height of the world food crisis.
Between April of 2007 and March of 2008, the price of rice doubled in many places. Economics blamed the crisis on different causes including high energy cost, bad weather, and the use of food crop lands for * fuel production.
High food crisis pushed more people in developing countries into powerty and hunger. Some researchers say people living in cities in west of Africa may have suffered most of all.
Geographers from three American colleges did the study that would appear in the proceedings of the national academy of sciences. William mostly of * college in * lead the study.
The team looked at 30 years world’s of information on food security and agriculture policy in Zambia, * coast and Mali. Most of the research centered on rice and imported crop in those three west of African countries. The researchers say Zambia and * coast suffered more during the food crisis than Mali did. They say this was because people in Zambia and * coast had come to depend on imported rice.  
Local rice production fell after the countries reduced farm supports and import taxes under free market reform. That meant rice farmers were not only earning less but facing greater competition from imports. Then when the food crisis heat, the cost of foreign rice shut up. The researchers say Mali suffered less, because it depended less on imported rice import because of geography. Mali is not a costal country with ports like * coast and Zambia.
*from * state university says after gaining independence, African nations try to help farmers. Government provided low cost seeds and fertilizers. They built process mills and rose to market. And they protected their markets with high * on imported food. But by the late nineteen seventies and nineteen nineties, those countries no longer had much money to help farmers. So they changed policies and tried another way to improve the agriculture. Government send major lenders like the world bank and the international * found turn to free market policies.
We will talk more next week about how the researchers link that change to the effect of the recent food crisis.
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[Homework]SENEWS-2010-03-23

SENEWS-2010-03-23 This is the VOA special English agriculure report. Suppose you eat rice everyday, but one day you go to the store and discover that the price is more than you can pay. That happened to millions of people two years ago at the height of the world food crisis. Between the April fo 2007 and March of 2009, the price of rice doubled in many places. Economists blamed the crisis on different causes including high energy costs, bad wheather and the use of food crop lands for biofuel production. High food prices push more people in developing countries into poverty and hunger. Some researchers say people living in cities in West Africa may have suffered most of all. Geographers from three American colleges did a study that will appear in the proceeding of national Academy of Sciences. William Mosely of Malcaster college in Minnesota led the study. The team looked at thirty years' worth of information on foods sercurity and agriculture policy in Gambia, Ivory coast and Mali. Most of the researches centered on rice, an important crop in those three West Africa countries. The researchers say Gambia and Ivory coast suffered more during the food crisis than Mali did. They say this was becasue people in Gambia and Ivory coast had come to depend on imported rice. Local rice production fell after the countries reduced farm supports and imported taxes under free market reform, that meant rice farmers were not only earning less but facing great competition from imports. Then when the food crisis hit, the cost the foreign rice shot up. The researchers say Mali suffered less because it depended less on imported rice in part because of geography. Mali is not a coastal country with ports like Ivory coast and Gambia. Laurence Back from Oregan state university says after gaining the independence Africa nations tried to help farmers. Goverments provide low cost seeds and fertilizers. They built processing mills and roads to markets and they protected their markets with high tariffs on imported food. But in the late 1970s and 1990s, those countries no longer held much money to help farmers so they changed policies and tried another way to improve agricultrue. Goverments and major lenders like the world bank and the international monetary fund turned to free market policy. We will talk more next week, give out how the researchers link that change to the effects of recent food crisis. And that's the VOA special English agriculture report, written by Jurelin Watson. I'm Steve Vember.  
This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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实现无障碍英语沟通
VOA special English agriculture  report

Suppose you eat rice every day, but one day you go to the store and discover that the price is more than you can take. That happen to millions of people two years ago at the hight of the world food crisis.

Between April 2007 and March 2008, the price of rice doubled in many places. Economists blamed the crisis on different causes including high energy costs, bad weather and the use of food-crap lands for bio-fuel production.

High food prices pushed more people in developing countries into poverty and hunger.Some researchers say people living in cities in west Africa may have suffered most of them all.

Geographers from 3 American colleges did the study that will appear in the proceedings of the national academy of science. Willam Wesley of Matalegstor College of Melisuda led the study.

The team look at 30 years' worth of information on food security and agricultural policy in Gandia, Ibericoast and Moni. most of the research settled on rice and important crab in those 3 west Africa countries.

The researchers say Ganbia and Ibericoast suffered more during the food crisis than Moni did.They say this was because people in Ganbia and Ibericoast have come to depend on imported rice.Local rice production fail after the coutries reduced farm supports and import taxes under free market reforms.That meant rice farmers were not only earning less but  facing greater competition from imports. Then when the food crisis heat, the cost of farm rice shut up.

The resarchers say Moni suffered less because it depended less on imported rice in part because of geography, Moni is not a coastal country with ports like Ibericoast and Gandia.

Laura Specer from Origon State University says after gaining independence, African nations tried to help farmers. Governments provided low-cost seeds and fertilizers, they built processing meals and roads to markets, and they protected their markets with high tariffs on imported food.

But by the late 1970s and 1980s, those countries no longer had much money to help famers, so they changed policies and tried another way to improve agricluture. Governments said majoy lenders like the world bank and the international monitory fond turn to free market policies.

We'll talk more next week give out how the researcheres link that change to the effects of the recent food crisis.And that's the VOA special english  agriculture report,written by Javalin Walton, I'm Steve Member.
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[Homework]SENEWS-2010-03-23

This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.

Suppose you eat rice everyday. But one day, you go to the store and discover that the price is more than you can pay. That happen to millions of people two years ago at the hight of the world food crisis. Between the April of two thousand  seven and March of  two thousand eight the price of rice doubled in many places.

Economics blame the crisis on different causes including high energy costs, bad weather and the use of food crop lands for biofuel production. High food prices pushed more people in developing countries into poverty and hunger.

Some researchers say people living in cities in west Africa may have suffered most of all. Geographers from three American colleges did a study that will appear in the proceedings of the National Academy Sciences. Willian of M College in M led the study.

The team looked at thirty years worth of information on food security and agriculture policy in Gambia, ... and Mali. Most of the research settled on rice, and important crop in those three west African countries. The researchers say Gambia and... suffered more during the food crisis than Mali did. They say this was because people in Gambia and ... had come to depend on imported rice. Local rice production fail after the countries reduced farm supports and import taxes under free market reforms. That ment rice farmers were not only earning less but facing greater competition from imports. Then when the food crisis hit the cost of foreign rice shut up.

The researchers say Mali suffered less because it depended less on imported rice in part because of  geography. Mali is not a coastal country with ports like... and Gambia.
L from Origan State University says after gaining indepentence ,African nations try to help farmers. Governments provided low costs,seeds and fertilizers. They built processing meals and rose to market. And they protected their markets with high ... on imported food. But by the late nineteen seventies and nineteen eighties those countries no longer had much money to help farmers. So they changed policies and tried another way to improve agriculture.

Governments and major landers like the World Bank Fund and the International ... Fund turn to free market policies. We will talks more next week give about how the researchers link that change to the affects of the recent food crisis.

And that's the VOA Special English Agriculture Report, written by J. I'm Steve Ember.


This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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HOMEWORK

This is the voa special English agriculture report.

Suppose you eat rice every day ,but one day you go to the store and discover that the price is more than you can pay. That happened to millions of people 2 years ago at the * of the world food crisis between april of 2007 and march of 2008. The price of rice doubled in many places. Economics blamed the crisis on different costs including high energy costs at weather and the use of food crop * for biofuel production.

High food prices push more people in developing countries into poverty and hunger. Some researches say people living in cities in west Africa may have suffered most of all. Geographers from three American colleges didn’t study they will * in the * of the national academic of sciences.
We can mostly * Macalester College in Minnesota led the study. The team look at 30 years world’s information on food security and the agricultural policy in Gambia, *coast and mali .

Most of the research setter settled on rice and important crops in those three west African countries. The researchers say Gambia and the * coast suffered more during the food crisis than mali did. They say this is because people in Gambia and * coast had come to depend on imported rice. Local rice production fail after the country’s reduced farm supports and imported taxes under free market reforms. That meant rice farmers will not only earning less but facing greater competition from imports.

Then when the food crisis hit, the cost of current rice shut off. The researchers say mali suffered less because it depended less on imported rice in part because of geography. Mali is not a coastal country with * like * coast and Gambia.
Lawrence Becker from Oregon state university says after * independence, African countries try to help farmers. Governments provided low cost * and *.
They builded processing mills and * to market. And they protect their markets with high * on important food. But by the late 1970s and the 1980s. Those counties no longer have much money to help farmers.

So they changed policies and try another way to improve agriculture. Government send major * like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund turn to free market policies.

We will talk more next week about how the researchers link that change to the affect of the recent food crisis.

And that’s the voa special English agriculture report written by Jerilyn Watson. I’m Steve Ember.
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[Homework]SENEWS-2010-03-23

this is the voa special english agriculture  report,suppose you eat rice every day ,but one day you go to the store and discover that the price is more than you can pay ,that happened to millions of people two years ago,and the height of the world food crisis ,between  the april of 2007 and march of 2008 ,the price of rice doubled in many places ,economists blame the crisis on different causes ,including high energy costs  , bad weather ,and the use of food crop lands for biofuel production ,high food prices push more people in developing countries into poverty and hunger ,some researchers say people living in cities in west africa may have suffered most of all ,geographers from three american colleges did study that would appear in the proceedings of the national academy of sciences,...of ..let the study ,the team looked at 30 years worthy information on food security and agricultural policy in ,,, ,,, and .. most of the research centered on rice ,and important crops in those 3 west african countries ,the researchers say ..and ..suffered more during the food crisis than ,, did ,they say this was  because people in ,, and ,,, had come to depend on imported rice,local rice production fell  after the countries reduced farm supports and import taxes  under free market reforms. that meant rice farmers were not only earning less but facing greater competition from imports ,then when the food crisis hit ,the costs of foreign rice shut up ,the researchers say .. suffered less because it depended less on important rice in part because of geography ,,, is not a coastal country with ports like, and , ,... from origin state university says after gaining independence,african nations try to help farmers ,government s provide lwo cost seeds and fertilizers ,they build processing  mills and roads to market ,and they protest their markets with high tariffs on important food ,but by the late1970s and 1980s those countries  no longer had much money to help farmers, so they changed policies ,and tried another way to improve agriculture ,governments sent major lenders like the world bank and the international monetary fundturn to free market policies ,we will talk more next week about  how the researchers link that change to the affects of the recent food crisis ,and that is the voa special english agriculture report,written by ,,,
This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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实现无障碍英语沟通

[Homework]SENEWS-2010-03-23

HW
This is the VOA special English development report.
This Saturday night at 8:30 ,all the lights will be shut off at the Tokyo tower in Japan.The *gate in Berlin and the effiel tower in Paris are also expected to go dark .So is the Empire State building in New York.And bulidings in other cities around the world.The lights will stay up for one hour for*called earth hour.The observer says organized by a conservition group -the world wild found for nature ,also known as the world wild life found.
For the first year ,people are being urged to turn off the lights for one hour to call attention to the isue of climate change.The group says climate change is one of the greatest threats they see in  wild life and nature.The first earth hour was held in 2007 in Sydney ,Australia.
Organizers said more than two thousand bussinesses and two million people took part. Since then ,earth hour has group into the international event. People in more than four thousand cities in the 88 countries took part last year.Organizers say more than one hundred countries and * have promise their offical suppose this year.This will be the first earth hour for countries including Criwes,Carter,Casoper,*,Nipore,camberdire and Parrama.
At least the nineteen of the fifty American states are planning to take part in the  2010 earth hour observants.The event organizers resently annuos that  one of latest states to join was *.Governer JI has agree to shut off the lights in the dorm of the state capital building.He says when it comes to saving energy and money ,big changes start with samll steps like turning off the lights.
When you been truning off your lights this Saturday night to observe earth hour, do you think about what the organizers call your evinermenter * and try to reduce harmful lefact. It's climate change a conser to you.Here is the * to practise your English.Go to voa special english dot com to conment on the story and other programms ,you can share your thoughts and read what other people are saying.You can also find * MP3s padcasts and caption radios .And you can sign up to get a warm-freeze of the day by SMS.The survice is free but stand message grapes may a*.And that the voa special English development report written by Jue Sams.I'm Steven Ember.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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普特听力大课堂

[Homework]SENEWS-2010-03-23

This is the VOA Special English Agricuture Report.
Suppose you eat rice every day and but one day you go to the store and discover the price is more than you can pay. That happened to millions of people two years ago at the hight of the world food crisis. Between the April of 2007 and March of 2008, the price of rice doubled in many places.
Economists blame the crisis on different causes including high energy costs, bad weather and the use of food crop lands for pro-duction. High food prices push more people in developing countries into poverty and hunger. Some researchers say people living in cities in West Africa countries may have suffered most of all.
Geographiers from three American colleges did a study that would appear in the proceedings of the National  Acadamy of Sciences. William Morsely in Macanister  University in Minnisoda led this study. The team looked at 30 years' world information on food security and agricutural policy in Gambia, Afri-coast and Maoli. Most of the research settled on rice and important crops in those three West African countries. The researchers say Gambia  and Afri-coast suffered more during the food crisis than Maoli did. They say this was because people in Gambia and Afri-coast had come to depend on important rice.
Local rice production fell  after the countries reduced farm supports and import taxes under free market reforms. That meant rice farmers are not only earning less but facing greater competition from imports. Then when the food cris hit the cost of  foreign rice shut up. The researchers say Maaoli suffered less because it depended less on imported rice in part because geography. Maoli is not a coastal country with ports like Afri-coast and Gambia.
Lawrence Speker from Origan State University says after gaining independence, African nations  tried to help farmers. Governments provided low-cost seeds and fertilizers. They built processing milks and rose to markets and they protected their markets with high tarrifs on imprted food. But by the late 1970s and 1980s those countries no longer had much money to help farmers, so they changed their policies and tried another way to improve agriculture. Governments have seen major lenders like the World Bank and the Internationl Montary Found turn to free market policies.
We will talk more next week about  how the researchers link that change to the effects of the recent food crisis. And that is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report, writtern by Givealin Walten. I'm Steven Berg.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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好栏目推荐之美国口语俚语
Homework


This is in VOA Special English Agriculture Report.


Suppose you eat rice every day, but one day you go to the store and discover that the price is more than you can pay. That happened to millions of people two years ago at the height of the world food crisis. Between April 2007 and March 2008, the price of rice doubled in many places. Economist blames the crisis on different causes including high energy costs, bad weather and the use of food croup lanes for buyer fewer food production.  

High food prices push more people in developing countries into property and hunger. Some researchers say people living in cities in West Africa may have stuffed most of all. Geographers from 3 American colleges did study that would appear in the proceedings of the national academy sciences.


We have mostly of *college in * led the study. The team looked at 30 years worth of information on foods security and agriculture policy in Gambier, Envier coast, and Malay. Most of the researches settle down rice and important crops in those three west of Africa countries.

The researchers say Gambier and Envier coast suffered more during the food crisis than Malay did. They say this was because people in Gambier and Envier coast had come to depend on imported rice. Local rice production fell after the countries reduced farm supports and imported taxes under free markets reform. That meant rice farmers were not only earning less but facing greater competition from imports. Then when the food crisis hit, the coast of foreign rice shut up.
       

The researchers say Malay suffered less because it depended less on import rice in part because of the Geography. Malay is not a coastal country with ports like every coast and Gambier.


Laurence Becker from Origen State university says after * independents, Africa nations try to help farmers. Governments provided low coast seas and *, they built processing meals and rose to the markets. And they protected their markets with high tariffs on important food.


But at the late 1970s and 1980s, those countries no longer had much money to help farmers, so they changed policies and try another way to improve Agriculture.


Governments send major oleanders like the World Bank and international * found turn to free market policies. We will talk more next week give a how the researchers link that change to be a fact of recent food crisis.


And that’s the VOA Special English Agriculture Report. Written by John Wotarua, I’m Steve Ember.
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Homework
Suppose you eat rice every day, but one day you go to the store and discover the price is more than you can pay, that happen 2 million of people two years ago at the high world food price. Between a proof 2007 and much of 2008, the price of rice doubled in many places. The common list link the price on different costs including high energy cost, bad weather and used food crap land for by of you production. High food price push more people in developing countries antipoverty and hunger. Some researchers say people live in city in west Africa may have suffered most of all. Geographers from 3 American college did study that appear in the proceeding of the national academy of science. We are mostly in Minnesota led the study. The team look at 30 years worth information on food security and agriculture policy in Zambia Acosta and Mali. Most of researchers sent down rice and a important crap in those 3 African countries. The researchers say Zambia and Acosta suffered more during the food crisis than Mali did.They say this was because people in Zambia and A had come to depend on import rice. Local rice production failed after the countries reduce farm support and import test under free market reform. At Mat rice farmers were not only earning less but facing great competition from imports. Then when the food crisis hit the cost of far rice shut up The researchers say Mali suffered less because it depend less on import rice in part because of geography. Mali is not a coastal country with port like avericost and Zambia. L S from A university says after giving Independence African nations try to help farmers.Government provide low cost seeds and fatal lipase. They built prosier mills and they protect their market by high terrains and import food. But by late 1970s and 1980s the those country no longer had much money to help farmers. So they change the policy and try another way to improve agriculture. Government sent major lander like the world bank and international military fund turn to free market policies.We will talk next week give up how the researchers link that change to a fact of recent foot crisis.
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[Homework]SENEWS-2010-03-23

This is the VOA Special English, agriculture report. Suppose you eat rice everyday, but one day you go to the store, and discovered that the price is more than you can pay. That happened to millions of people two years ago at the hit of world food crisis. Between April 2007 and March of 2008, the price of rice doubled in many places. Economist blame the crisis on different causes, including high energy costs, bad weather, and the use of food crop lands for biofuel production. High food crisis push more people in developing countries into poverty and hunger. Some researchers say people living in cities in west Africa may have suffered most of all. Geographers from three American colleges did study that will appear in the proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Wikham Moslay of Michenism college Minnesota led the study. The team look that 30 years world's information on food security and agriculture policy in Gambia, Ivory Coast and Mali. Most of the research centered on rice, an important crop in those three west African countries. The researchers say the Gambia and Ivory Coast suffered more during the food crisis than Mali did. They say this was because people in Gambia and Ivory Coast has come to depend on imported rice. Local rice production fail after the countries reduced farm supports and import taxes under free market reforms. That meant rice farmers were not only earning less but facing greater competition from imports. Then when the food crisis hit the cost of farm of rice shut up. The researchers say Mali suffered less, because it depended less on the imported rice in part because of geography. Mali is not a coastal country with ports like Avery Coast and Gambia. Lauran Spiker from Oregon State University says after gaining independence, African nations try to help farmers. Governments provided low cost seeds and fertilizers. They built processing bills and rules to market, and they protect their markets with high taxes on the imported foods. But by the late 1970s and 1980s, those countries no longer had much money to help farmers, so they changed policies and tried another way to improve agriculture. Governments send major lenders like the world bank and the international monetary fund turn to free market policies. We will talk more next week get about how the researchers link that change to the effect on some recent food crisis. And that is the VOA Special English agriculture report, written by Woton. I am Steve Venber.                                                   
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每天半小时 轻松提高英语口语
hw senews 2010-03-23

This is the VOA special English agriculture report.

Suppose you eat rice every day,but one day you go to the store and discovered that the price is more than you can pay.That happened to millions of people 2 years ago at the height of the world food crisis.

Between April of 2007 and March of 2008,the price of rice doubled in many places.Economists blame the crisis on different causes including high energy costs,bad weather and the use of food-crop lands for biofuel production.High food presses push more people in developing countries into poverty and hunger.Some researchers say people living in cities in west Africa may have suffered most of all.

Geographers from 3 American colleges did a study that would appeared in the proceedings of national academy of sciences.

William M of Macalester College in Minnesota led the study.The team looked at 30 years' worth of information on food security and agriculture policy in Gambia,Ivory Coast and Morley.Most of the research centered on rice,and imported crop in those 3 west African countries.The researchers say Gambia and Ivory Coast suffered more during the food crisis than Morley did.

They say this was because people in Gambia and Ivory Coast had come to depent on  inported rice.Local rice production fail after the countries reduced farm supports and import taxes under free market reforms.That meant rice farmers were not only earning less but facing greater competition from imports.Then when the food crisis hit,the cost of foreign rice shut up.

The researchers say Morley suffered less,becaues it depended less on imported rice in part because of geography.Morley is not a coastal country with ports like Ivory Coast and Gambia.

Laurens Backer from Origin State University says after gainning independence, African nations try to help farmers.Governments provided low cost seeds and fertilizers.They built processing miles and roads to market.And they protected their markets with high tariffs on imported food.But by the late 1970s and 1980s,those countries no longer had much money to help farmers,so they changed policies and tried another way to improve agriculture.Governments and major lenders like the world bank in an international monetary fund turn to free market policies.

We will talk more next week about how the researchers link that change to the effects of the recent food crisis.

And that's the VOA special English agriculture report,written by Jerrlyn Waston,I'm Steve Ember.

ps:csufor ,i'm back~^ ^
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[Homework]SENEWS-2010-03-23

Suppose you eat rice everyday. But one day you go to the store and discover that the price is more than you can pay. That happen to millioins of people two years ago at the hight of the world food crisis. Between April of two thousand seven and March of two thousand eight the price of rice doubled in many places.

Economists blame the crisis on different causes including high energy costs, bad weather and the use of food crop lands for ---- production. High food prices push more people in developing countries into ---- and hunger. Some researchers say people living in cities in West Africa may have suffered most of all.

Geographers from 3 American colleges did the study that will appear in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. William M-- of M--- College in Minnesota led the study. The team looked at 30 years world's of information on food security and agricultural policy in Gambian, Ivory Coast and Mali. Most of the research centered on rice, an important crop in those three West Afican countries.

The researchers say Gambian and Ivory Coast suffered more during the food crisis than Mali did. They say this was because people in Gambian and Ivory Coast had come to dependent on imported rice. Local rice production fail after the country's reduced farm supports and import taxes under free market reforms. That meant rice farmers were not only earning less but facing greater competition from imports. Then when the food crisis hit, the cost of foreign rice shut up.

The researchers say Mali suffered less because it depended less on imported rice ,in part, because of geography. Mali is not a coastal country with ports like Ivory Coast and Gambian.

---- from O--- State University says, after gaining independence African nations try to help farmers. Governments provided low cost seeds and fertilizers. They build processing mills and roads to market, and they protect their markets with high -- on imported food. But by the late 1970s and 1980s those countries no longer had much money to help farmers. So they changed policies and tried another way to imporve agriculture. Governments sent major lenders like the World Bank and the International M---- Fund turn to free market policies. We will talk more next week about how the researchers link that change to the affects of the recent food crisis.









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[Homework]SENEWS-2010-03-23

HW

This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.

Suppose you eat rice every day, but one day you go to the store and discover that the price is more than you can pay. That happens to millions of people two years ago at the height of the world food crisis. Between the April of 2007 and March of 2008, the price of rice doubled in many places.Economists blame the crisis on different causes, including high energy costs, bad weather and the use of food crop lands for biophilia production.   

High food crisis push more people in develpoing countries into poverty and hunger. Some researchers say people living in cities in west Africa may have suffered most of all. Geographers from three American colleges did a study that will appear in a proceedings of the Nationl Academy of Sciences.

William Mosley of \ College in Minnesota led the study. The team looked at 30 years worth of information on foods security and agricultural policy in Gambia, Ivory Coast and Mali. Most of the research centered on rice and important crop \ in the three west African countries. The researchers say Gambia and Ivory Coast suffered more during the food crisis than Mali did. They say this was because poeple in Gambia and Ivory Coast had come to depend on imported rice. Local rice production fail after the country's reduced farm supports and import taxes under free makert reforms. That meant rice farmers were not only earning less but facing greater competition from imports. Then when the food crisis hit, the cost of foreign rice shut up.

The researchers say Mali suffered less because it depended less on imported rice, in part, because of geography. Mali is not a coastal county with ports like Ivory Coast and Gambia. [url=]\\\[/url] from Origan State University says after gaining independence, African nations try to help farmers. Governments provided low-cost seeds and ferterlizers. They built processing mills and roads to market, and they protected their markets with high tariffs on imported food. But by the late 1970s and 1980s these countries no longer had much money to help farmers. So they changed policies and tried another way to improve agriculture. Governments and major lenders like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund turn to free market policies.

We'll talk more next week about how the researchers link that change to the affects of the recent food cricis. And that's the VOA Special English Agriculture Report, written by Jerilyn Watson. I'm Steve Ember.   

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