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[report整理] SENEWS-2010-03-29

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[Homework]SENEWS-2010-03-29

Millions of babies and childen could soon be protected aganist the deadly desease -pneumonia.Two leading companies have agreed to supply vaccines to the world's poorest countries at reduce price.
F and G signed the historic advance market commitment agreement last week.The global alliance for vaccines and immunizations or GAVI help negotiate the deal.The group says the low cost vaccines could save as many as 7 million lives by the year 2030.The world health organization says pneumonia kills almost 2millions children each year.this is more than AIDS ,malaria or measles combined,it is the leading cause of death among young children.and more 90% of those death happen in the devoloping world.
These are all reasons why GAVI choose the pneumococal vaccine for its first advance market commitment project.The private public partnerships are designing to increasing the availability of low cost vaccines in poor areas.
Last year,the governments of italy,united kingdom,russia and lowey joined with bill and malinden gates fund.They provided the one and half billion dollors to launch the pneumococal vaccine project.
J ronand is with the GAVI alliance.he says the money help to persude the drug maker to take part in the project.
the biggest challenge of getting life saving vaccines in  poor countries ,these is no market.people cant afford them.that 's why we really don't  have malaria vaccine yet,because no one in rich countries really suffers from malaria,what we did for the pneumococal vaccine was we said . we will pay 1.5billon dollars if you devolope the right vaccines and right volumes we need and the right price,it was gamble.
That gamble paid off.G and F have agree to provide 30millon doses of the vaccine each year for 10 years.the 20% of the vaccines will sell of 7dollars a dose .the remaining80% will cost 3 dollars and 50cents per dose.That is 90% less than current prices in the united states.Mr RONand says the agreement is huge cheapment for the devoloping world .
Vaccinations,which we tend to take for granted in countries like the united states or in west european,in fact a lot of us even don't know which desease we have been vaccinated aganist.that is not case in poor countries,vaccination is life and death question for poor people ,and if you can vaccinate child to provent the deseases happening ,it is  a lot more cost effective than it is to treat that desease afterwards.

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