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[report整理] 【整理】SENEWS-2010-09-02

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[Homework]【整理】SENEWS-2010-09-02

0902 this is the voa special english education report.
Not everyone who teachs in college or university is professor.many are instructors or (lecturers), in fact not even all professor are full professors , many of them are assistant or associate professors or (adjunct) professors.
so what (to/do) all of these different (academic) titles mean at American colleges and universities. get ready for (short lecture) especially if you are thing of a career in higher education.
professors usually need a doctoral degree, but sometimes a school will offer postions to people who have not received their (doctorate), these person would be called (an instructor) until the degress has been completed.
after that, the instructor could become an assistant professor,an assistant professors do not have (ten-year/tenure), tenure means a permanent appointment, this goal of greater job security is harder to reach these days.
fewer teaching postions offer the chance for tenure, teachers and researchers who are hired into postions/positions that do offer it are said to be on the ten-year (tenure track.).
a assistant professor was the first job on this (path). a assistant professor generally have five to twelve/seven years to gain tenure, during this time other (faculty) mumber study the person's work.
if the tenure is denied , then the assistant professor usually has a year to find another job, candidates for tenure may feel great pressure to get research published, publish or (parish/perish) is traditional (thing/saying).
an assistant professor who receives tenure  becomes associate professor, and associate may later be appointed a full professor. assistant , associate ,and full professors perform many duties, they teach classes, they advice students and they carry out research.
they also serve on communities/committees or take part in other activities, other (..team/faculty) mumber are not expected to do all these jobs, they are not on ten year(tract/track).
instead, they might be in (adjunct) , or visiting positions,  a visiting professor has job at one school but works at other school for a period of time, and (adjunct) professor is also a limited or part time position to do research or teach classes.
(Adjunct ) professors have a doctorate, another position  is that lecturer , lecturers teach classes but they may or may not have doctorate.
and that's the voa special english education report,written by (Nancy Steinbach ). you can read and listen to our reports and get information on how to study in the united states  at voa special english dot com.I'm (Barbara Klein).

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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