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[report整理] 【整理】SENEWS-2010-09-02

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[Homework]【整理】SENEWS-2010-09-02

HOMEWORK
This is VOA special English Education report.
Not everyone who teaches in the college or university is a professor.Many are instructors or lecturers.In fact,not even all professors are full professors.Many of them are assistant or associate professors or adjunct professors.So what do all of these different academic titles mean at American colleges and universities.Get ready for a short lecture,especially if you are thinking of the career in higher education.Professors usually need a doctoral degree,but sometimes a school will offer positions to  people who have not yet received their doctorate.These person would be called an instructor untill the degree has been completed.After that,the instructor could become an assitant professor.Assitant professors do not have tenure.Tenure means a permanent appointment.This goal of greater job security is harder to reach these days.Fewer teaching positions offer the chance for tenure.Teachers and researchers who are hired into positions that do offer it are said to be on the tenial track.Assitant professor is the first job on these path.Assitant professors generally have 5 to 7 years to gain tenial.During these time,other facult members study the person's  work.If  tenial is denied,then the assitant professor usually has a year to find another job.Candicates for tenial may feel great pressure to get research published.Publish and perish is a traditional saying.And assitant professor who  receives tenial becomes associate professor.And associate professor may later be a pointed a full professor.Assitant,associate and full professors perform many duties.They teach classes,they advise students and they carry out research.They also serve on committes and take part in other acitivities.Other facult members are not expected to do all these jobs.They are not on a tenial track,instead,they might be in ajount or visiting positions.A visiting professor has a job at one school but works at another for a period of time.And ajount professor is also a limited or part time position  to do  research or teach classes.Ajount professors have a doctory.Another position is that of lecture.Lectures teach classes,but they may or may not have doctorary.And that's the VOA special English Education report.Written by      .You can read and listen to our reports and getting information on how to study in the United States at voasoecialenglish.com.I'm    .  


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