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[report整理] 【整理】SENEWS-2010-09-02

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[Homework]SENEWS-2010-09-02

This is VOA Special English Education Report.

No everyone who teaches in a college or university is a professor. Many are instructors or lecturers. In fact, no even all professors are full professors. Many of them are assistant or associate professors, or agent professors.

So what do all of these different academic titles mean at American colleges and universities? Get ready for a short lecture, especially if you are thinking of a career in higher education.

Professors usually need a doctor degree. But sometime a school will offer positions to people who have not yet receive their doctorates. These person would be called an instructor until the degree has been completed.

After that, an instructor could become an assistant professor, assistant professors do not have tenure. Tenure means a permanent appointment. This goal of greater job security is harder to reach these days. Fewer teaching positions offer the chance for tenure.Teachers and researchers who are higher into positions that do offering are set to be on the tenure track.

Assistant professor is the first job on this pattern. Assistant professor generally have five to seven years to gain tenure. During this time, other faculty members study the person's work. If tenure is denied, then the assistant professor usually has a year to find another job.

Candidates for tenure may feel great pressure to get research published. Publish or parish is the traditional saying.

And an assistant professor who receives tenure becomes an associate professor. Associate professor may later be appointed a full professor.

Assistant, associate and full professors perform many duties. They teach classes, they advise students and they carry out research. They also serve on committees and take part in other activities. Other faculty members are not expected to do all these jobs. They are not on a tenure track.

Instead, they might be in agent or visiting positions. A visiting professor has a job at one school but works at another for a period of time. An agent professor is also a limited or part-time position to do research and teach classes. Agent professors have a doctorate.

Another position is that of lecturer, lecturers teach classes, but they may or may not have a doctorate.

And that's the VOA Special English Education Report, written by Nancy Standby. You can read and listen to our reports and get information on how to study in United States at voaspecialenglish.com. I'm Barbara Klein.
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