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[report整理] 【整理】SENEWS-2010-09-02

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[Homework]SENEWS-2010-09-02

Not everyone who teaches in a college or university is a professor. Many are instructors or lecturers. In fact not even all professors are full professors. Many of them are assistant or associate professors, or adjunct professors. So what do all of these different academic titles mean at American colleges and universities ? Get ready for a short lecture, especially if you are thinking of a career in higher education.

Professors usually need a doctoral degree, but sometimes a school will offer positions to people who have not yet received their doctorate. This person would be called an instructor untill the degree has been completed. After that, the instructor could become an assistant professor. Assistant professors do not have tenia. Tenia means a permanent appointment. This goal of greater job security is harder to reach these days.


Fewer teaching positions offer the chance for tenia. Teachers and researchers who are hired in two positions that do offer are set to be on the tenia track. Assistant professor is the first job on this path. Assistant professors generally have five to seven years to gain tenia. During this time, other facty members study the persons’ work. If tenia is denied, then the assistant professor usually has a year to find another job. Candidates for tenia may feel great pressure to get research published. Publish or perish is the traditional thing. An assistant professor who receives tenia becomes an associate professor. An associate professor may later be appointed a full professor.

Assistant, associate and full professors perform many duties. They teach classes, they advice students and they carry out research. They also serve on comities and take part in other activities.  Other facty members are not expected to do all these jobs. They are not on a tenia track. Instead they might be in adjunct or visiting positions. A visiting professor has a job at one school but works at another for a period time. And adjunct professor is also a limited or part-time position to do research or teach classes. Adjunct professors have a doctorate. Another position is that of lecturer. Lecturers teach classes but they may or may not have a doctorate.





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