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[report整理] 【整理】SENEWS-2010-10-09

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This is In The News in VOA Special English.

This year’s winner of the Nobel Peace Prize Liu Xiaobo is a fifty-four year old dissident and writer jailed in China. He was detained at the end of two thousand eight, before a release of a political reform document he helped organize.

Charters E calls for greater freedom of assembly, expression and religion. Last December he was sentenced to eleven years in prison for inciting subversion.

China says Liu Xiaobo is a criminal and that what he has done goes against the purpose of the Nobel Peace Prize. It says the award could harm relations between China and Norway.

But the Norwegian Nobel Committee said there is a close connection between human rights and peace. TY is the committee chairman.

TY: “China has become a very big power in economic terms as well as in political terms, I need this normal that big powers should be on the criticism.”

Later, Mario Vargas Llosa from Peru won this year’s prize in literature. He has written more than thirty novels, plays and essays, including the face of a goat and Julia *. He lives part-time in Spain and he is politically active. He was a presidential candidate in Peru in nineteen ninety.

Mario Vargas Llosa is the first Nobel winner in literature from Latin America since Mexican writer * in nineteen ninety.

There are three chemistry prize winners this year. Two are Japanese. * of Purdue University in the United States and * of * University. The third is an American R.H. from the University of *.

They developed a process that simplified how carbon atoms are stepped together to produce new materials. Their methods are used to create everything from new drugs to electronics. The three winners chose by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences will share the award of one and a half million dollars in December.

This years prize in physics goes to Russian-born * and *, both from Manchester University in Britain. They won for their experiments with a form of carbon called grapheme. It’s started with a simple experiment using sticking tape to pick up pieces of graphite, the same material found in pencils. That was only six years ago.

Graphene is just one atom thick, thin enough to see through, but extremely strong for its size, and electricity can pass through it quickly without much loss of energy. There could be many uses from electronics to aircraft.

The prize in medicine goes to Britain’s Robert Edwards for the development of in-vitro fertilization. With IVF, eggs are removed from a woman fertilized in a laboratory and then placed into the womb. This process has led to the birth of four million people since the first test tube baby Louis Brown in nineteen seventy-eight.

The Catholic Church opposes IVF in part because unused eggs are often destroyed. The eighty-five years old scientist developed it with British surgeon PS, who died in nineteen eighty-eight. Nobel winners must be living.

And that’s In The News in VOA Special English. I am Mario Ritter.

  Have a good day.
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