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[report整理] 【整理】SENEWS-2010-10-09

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[Homework]SENEWS-2010-10-09

This is IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English.

This year's winner of the Nobel Peace Prize Liu Xiaobo is a fifty-four year old dissident and writer jailed in China. He was detained at the end of 2008. Before the release of a political reform document,he helped organize. Chapter o-eight calls for greater freedom of assembly,expression and religion. Last December,he was sentenced to eleven years in prison for exciting survision.

China says Liu Xiaobo is a criminal and that what he has done goes against the purpose of the Nobel Peace Prize. It says the award could harm relations between China and Norway.

But Norwegian Nobel Committee said there is a close connection between human rights and peace. Torbia Yabland is the committee chairman.
“China has very big power in economic terms as well as in political terms and it is normal that big powers should be under criticism.”

Ritter Mario Vagusyosa from Peru won this year's prize in literature. He has written more than thirty novels, plays and assets including defease of the goat and Julia and scriptwritter. He lives part time in Spain and he is politically active. He was a presidential candidate in Peru in 1990. Mario Vagusyosa is the first Nobel winner in literature from America since Mexico writer Vocodaria Boss in 1990.

There are three chemistry prize winners this year. Two are Japanese, Ajinigashe of Predue University in the United States and Kerrysozuki of Ohio University. The third is American Richard Heck from the University of Deliware. They developed a process that simplified how carbon atoms are stepped together to produce new materials. Their methods are used to creat everything from new drugs to electronics. The three winners chosen by the Swedish Academy of Sciences will share the award of one and half million dollars in December.

This year's prize in physics goes to Russian born Antriguy and Constatin Novoseloph both from Menchaster University in Britain. They won for their experiments with the form of carbon called grafil. It started with a simplist experiment using sticking tape to pick up pieces of graphite, the same material founding in pencils. That was only six years ago. Grafil is just one atom thick, thinner enough to see through but extremely strong for its size. And electricity can pass through it quickly without much loss of energy. There could be many uses from electronics to aircraft.

The prize in medicine goes to Britain's Robot Edwas for the development of In Vitro Fertilization. With IVF, eggs are removed from woman, fertilized in laboratory and then placed into the room. This process has led to the birth of four million people since the first test tube baby Loyis Bran in 1978. The church opposes IVF in part because unused eggs are often destroyed. The eighty-five year old scientist developed it with British surgeon Patrick Stepto who died in 1988. Nobel winners must be living.

And that's IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English. I'm Mario Ritter.

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