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[Report] 【整理】SENEWS-2010-11-24

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[Homework]SENEWS-2010-11-24

This is the VOA specical English Health report
The World Health Organization says the rising cost of health care is a struggle for people and governments around the world. The problem is greatest in countries where people must often pay directly for services. A new report says this cost push one hundred million people into poverty each year.
Aging populations are one reason why health cost are rising.Also more people are getting chronic diseases like diabetes and heart diseases that require long-term treatments. And new treatments for health conditions are more costly than old ones.
This year's World Health Report offers guidelines to strengthen health financing systems and make services available to more people.
The report says about one billion people do not get the care they need because it costs too much or it's unavailable.
WHO Director-General Margaret Chan says no one should have to risk finance ruin to take care their health. David Evans agrees. He is the director of health systems financing for the WHO, which is the part of the United Nations.
David: But what the report says , it's not just not acceptable but it's not necessary. Something could be done and something can be done about it now.  
The report says one thing governments can do is provide more money for health care. For example, ten years ago, African leaders agreed to spend 15% of government funds on health. So far, only Liberia, Rwanda and Tanzania have met that goal.
The report says one thing governments could also raise money more fairly and spend it more wisely.  David Evan says servral countries are doing this.
David:Gabon is a low-income country. It has introduced a tax on financal transactions and that it's going to help. If Gabon can do something like that ,other countries can do it.
In terms of financal risk protection, Thailand has introduced health insurance for everyone, and that health insurance is tax-funded, particularly for the poor. So that what happens is the insurance now pays the cost that people would have paid previously out of their own pockets
The WHO says smarter spending could reduce health care costs between 20 and 40%. The report identifies ten areas where better policies and practices could make health system more efficient.
One area is in the purchase of medicines. The report says higher-priced drugs are often choosen even when lower-priced medicine of the same quality are available.Also medicines can go to waste simly because the right storage is not available.

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