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[Report] 【整理】SENEWS-2010-11-24

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[Homework]SENEWS-2010-11-24

        This is the VOA Special English Health Report.The World Health Organization says the rising cost of health care is struggle for people and governments around the world.The problem is greatest in countries for people must often pay dierectly for services.A new report says these costs push one hundred million people into poverty each year.Aging populations are one reason why health costs are rising.Also more people are getting chronic diseases like diabetes and heart disease that require long term treatment.And new treatments for health conditions are more costly than old ones.These years world health report offers guidelines to strengthen health financing systems and make services available to more people.The report says about one billion people do not get the care they need because it costs too much or it is unavailable.WHO director general Chan says no one should have to risk finance ruin to take care of their health.David Evans agrees.He is the director of health system financing for the WHO which is part of the United Nations.What the report is just not acceptble, but it's not necessary.Something could be done about it and something can be done about it now.The report says one thing governments can do to is provide more money for health care.For example, ten years ago African leaders agreed to spend fifteen percent of government funds on health.So far, only Lybia, * and Tanzania have met that goal.The report says governments could also raise money more fairly and spend more wisely.David Evans says several counries are doing this.Gana is a low-income country.It's introduced to tax on financial transactions.And that is going to health.Gana can do something like that.Other countries can do it.In terms of financial risk protection Thinland is introduced a health insurance for everyone.And that health insurance is tax founded, particularly for the poor.So what happens is insurance now that people would hav to pay previously at their own pockets.The WHO says smarter spending could reduce health care cost between twenty and forty percent.The report identifies ten areas where better policies and practices could make health systems more efficient.One area is in the purchase of medicines.The report says higher-price drugs are often chosen even when lower-price medicines of the same quality are available.Also medicines can go to waste simply because the right storage is not available.And that's the VOA Special English Health Report.I'm Shirley Griffith.


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