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[report整理] SENEWS-2011-03-01

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[Homework]SENEWS-2011-03-01

This is the VOA special English agriculture report.White rice is the word's most popular form of rice.What goes through a millions process that removes nutrition. As a result ,the report says who eat poor diet based on white rice may not get enough Vitamin A.Each year a estimate 250,000 to half million children go blind because of the deficiency of vitamin A.The world health organization says half other them die within a year of losing their sight.Vitamin A deficiency is a problem specially in Africa and Southeast Asia.So scientists thought of an answer.They combine white rice with plant compounds the body can change to vitamine A.The rice contains β ...and other ...The plan gives the rice a golden color.The scientists also thought of an plan to give away the golden rice to poor farmers.But rice is genetically engineered.They say it can not be using traditional way for plants.Scientists worked for ten years until 1990 to develop the technology to add genesi to the rice.Then it took nine more years to get the gene they wanted into the seed.The first few tests took place in 2004 at Louisiana State University in United States.Golden rice currently test in Philippen and it still not so available for gental use.The co-inventor I Patrick says rice withe two added genesi will be availalbe in 2030.One gene comes from mays or corn and the other is from oil bacctia.Mr Patrick says ,retired from Swiss Federal Institue of Technology,he blames the delays of too many rules for the genetic modification .Opponent say such crops may cause environment damage by breeding with enviroment plants,the opponents also question the safety of the biotech foods.Mr Patrick says golden rice has never be chosen unsafe for the environment or people.Many agricultural organizations support the project.But still some critist inluding researchers from environmental group Green Peace.Sevaral months ago,they questioned whether could do much for Vitamin A deficiency.They said the genetic modified rice in Asia could permanently change traditional rice varieties and wild ancestors for rice.
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