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[豆知识] 【整理】2011-04-17&04-23 物品的故事(3/5)

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[豆知识] 【整理】2011-04-17&04-23 物品的故事(3/5)


Bits-of-Knowledge-2011-04-17&04-23


The Story of Stuff


From its extraction through sale, use and disposal, all the stuff in our lives affects communities at home and abroad, yet most of this is hidden from view. The Story of Stuff is a fast-paced, fact-filled look at the underside of our production and consumption patterns. And it exposes the connections between a huge number of environmental and social issues, and calls us together to create a more sustainable and just world. It'll teach you something, it'll make you laugh, and it just may change the way you look at all the stuff in your life forever. Part III.







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jessiyear在 整理的参考文本:
Well, it moves here, for distribution. Now distribution means selling all the toxic-contaminated junk as quickly as possible. The goal here is to keep the prices down, keep the people buying and keep the inventory moving. How do they keep the prices down? Well they don't pay the store workers very much and they skimp on health insurance every time they can. It's all about externalizing the costs. What that means is the real costs of making stuff aren't captured in the price. In other words, we aren't paying for the stuff we buy. I was thinking about this the other day. I was walking to work and I wanted to listen to the news so I popped into a radio shack to buy a radio. I found this cute little green radio for 4 dollar and 99 cents. I was standing there in line to buy this thing and I was thinking how could 4 dollar and 99 cents possibly capture the costs of making this radio and getting it into my hands?



The metal was probably mined in South Africa. The petroleum was probably drilled in Iraq. The plastics were probably produced in China. And maybe the whole thing was assembled by some 15-year-old in a maquiladora in Mexico. 4 dollar and 99 cents won't even pay the rent for the shelf space it occupied until I came along, let alone part of the stuff guy's salary who helped me pick it out or the multiple ocean cruises and truck rides pieces of this radio went on. That's how I realize I didn't pay for the radio. So who did pay? Well, these people paid with the loss of their natural resource base. These people paid with the loss of their clean air with increasing asthma and cancer rates. Kids in the Congo paid with their future. 30% of the kids in part of the Congo have dropped out of school to mine coltan, a metal we need for our cheap and disposable electronics. These people even paid by having to cover their own health insurance. All along this system, people pitched in so I could get this radio for 4 dollar and 99 cents. And none of these contributions are recorded in any accounts book. That's what I mean by the company owners externalize the true costs of production.



And that brings us to the golden arrow of consumption. This is the heart of the system, the engine that drives it. It is so important that protecting this arrow has become the top priority for both of these guys. That's why after 911, when our country was in shock and President Bush could have suggested any number of appropriate things: to grieve, to pray, to hope. No. He said to shop. To shop! We have become a nation of consumers. Our prime identity has become that of being consumers, not mothers, teachers, farmers, but consumers. The primary way that our value is measured and demonstrated is by how much we contribute to this arrow, how much we consume. And do we! We shop and shop and shop. Keep the materials flowing and flow they do.



Guess what percentage of total materials flow through this system is still in product or use 6 months after the date of sale in North America. 50%? 20%? No, 1%. 1! In other words, 99% of the stuff we harvest, mine, process, transport, 99% of the stuff we run through this system is trashed within 6 months. Now how can we run a planet with that level of materials throughput?



It wasn’t always like this. The average U.S. person now consumes twice as much as they did 50 years ago. Ask your grandma. In her days, stewardship and resourcefulness and thrift were valued. So how did this happen? Well it didn't just happen. It was designed. Shortly after World War Two, these guys were figuring out how to ramp up the economy. Retailing analyst Victor Lebow articulated the solution that's become the norm for the whole system. He said: “Our enormously productive economy demands that we make consumption our way of life, that we convert the buying and use of goods into rituals, that we seek our spiritual satisfaction, our ego satisfaction, in consumption… We need things consumed, burned up, replaced, and discarded at an ever-accelerating rate.”



jessiyear在 整理的生词:
skimpon: v. if you skimp on sth., you useless time, money, or material for it than you really need, so that the resultis not good enough

节省







maquiladora:n. 位于墨西哥境内、属于美国公司的一种工厂,专门使用从外国免税输入的部分产品或零件来装配成成品







coltan:n. 钶钽铁矿







pitch in:v. if you pitch in, you join it and help with an activity. 做出贡献







stewardship: n. the responsibility of lookingafter property 职责







resourcefulness:n. 资源丰富

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[Homework]2011-04-17&04-23 物品的故事(3/5)

Well ,it moves here for distribution. Now distribution means selling all the toxical comtaminated junk as quickly as possible.The goal here is to keep the prices down ,keep the people buying and keep the inventory moving  . How did they keep the prices down ?
        Well they don't pay the store workers very much and they skin upon health insurance everytime they can.It's all about externalizing the costs.What that means is the real cost of making stuff aren't caputured in the price. In other words, we aren't paying for the stuff we buy.I was thinking about this the other day. I was working to work and I wanna listen to the news. So I popped into a radio shack to buy a radio.I found this cute little green radio for $4.99. I was standing in line to buy this thing and I was thinking how could $4.99 possibly capture the cost of making this radio and getting it into my hand?
         The metal was propably mined in South Afria. The petroleum was probably drilled in Iraq. The plastic was probably produced in China.Maybe the whole thing was a sample made by a 15-year-old mechiroran Mexico. $4.99won't even pay the rent for the shelf space occupied until I came along, let alone part of the stuff guy 's salary who help me pick it out  or the multiple ocean cruises and truck pieces radio down.That's how I realize I didn't pay for the radio .So who did pay?Well ,these people pay with the loss of their natural resources and space.These people pay with the loss of the clean air with increasing axzima and cancer rates . Kids in the Cango pay with the future.30%of the kids in part of Cango have dropped out of school to mine coltain ,a matter we need for our cheap disposable electronics.These people even paid by having to cover their own health insurance.All along these system ,people pitch in so I could get this radio for $4.99. And none of these contributions are recorded in any accounts book. That's what I mean by the company always externalized the true cost of production.
            And that brings us to the gold arrow of consumption. This is the heart of the system ,the engine that drives.It is so important that protecting this arrow has become the top priority for both of these guys.That's why after 911, when our country was in shock  and President Bush could have suggested any number of approprite things.To grieve ,to pray ,to hope,no he said to shop ,to shop.We have become a nation of consumers . Our prime identity  has become consumers not mothers ,teachers ,farmers but consumers.The primary way that our value is measured and demonstrated is by how much we can reach the arrow, how much we consume and do we?
           We shop  and shop and shop ,keep the materials flowing and flow they do. Guess what percentage of total materials flow through this system.It's still in product use 6 months after they have been on sale in American. 15% ,20%, no 1%. 1, in other words 99% of the stuff we harvest may  pass from transport.99% of the stuff we ran through this system is trashed within 6 months.How can we run a planet with that level of material output .
             It was not always like this. The average US person now consumes twice as much as they did 50 years ago. Ask your grandma, in her days ,Stewardship and resourcefullness and thrift were valued.So how did this happen?Well it didn't just happen .It was designed. Shortly after World War Two ,these guys were figuring out how to ramp up the economy .Retailing analyst Vitor Le Bowl  artickling the solution  that's became the norm for the whole system.He said our enormously productive economy demands that we make consumption a way of life that we convert the buying goods into rituals that we seek our spiritual satisfaction and ego satisfaction in consumption . We need things consumed ,burned up ,replaced ,and discarded at an ever accelerating rate.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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  • jessiyear

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[Homework]2011-04-17&04-23 物品的故事(3/5)

本帖最后由 misun007 于 2011-4-18 23:39 编辑

Well,it moves here for distribution. Now distribution means selling all the toxic contaminated junk as quickly as possible. The goal here is to keep prices down, keep the people buying and keep the inventory moving.How do they keep the prices down? Well, they don't pay the store workers very much, they skin upon health insurance everytime they can. It's all about externalizing the costs, with that means, it's the real cost of making stuff aren't captured in the price. In other words, we aren't paying for the stuff that we buy. I was thinking about this the other day. I was walking to the work and I wanna to listen to the news, so I popped into a radio shop to buy a radio. I found this cute little green radio for $4.99. I was standing into a line to buy this thing while I was thinking how could $4.99 possibly capture the cost of making this radio and giving it into my hands? The metal was probably mined in South Africa, the petroleum was probably drilled in Iraq, the plastic was probably produced in China, maybe the whole thing was assembled by some 50-year-old * Mexico. $4.99 won't even pay for the rent for the shelf space occupied until I came along, let along apart from the stuff guy's salary who help me pick it out or the multiple ocean cruises and truck right pieces this radio ran down. That how I realized I didn't pay for the radio. So who did pay? Well, this people pay for they lost the natural resource spaces, these people pay for the lost of clear air  with increasing * and cancer rates, kids of * pay with their future, 30% of the kids in part of *  have dropped out of the school to mine *. A matter we need for our cheap disposable electronics. This people even paid  by having to cover their own health insurance. All along this system, people pitch in so I could get the radio for $4.99, and none of this contribution accords to any of the account book. That's what I means by the company owners externalized the true cost of production.
And that bring us to the golden arrow of area consumption. This is the heart of the system, the engine drives. It is so important that protecting this arrow has became top priority for both of these guys. That's why after 911, when our country was in shock, President Bush could suggest any number of appropriate things: to grave, to pray, to hope. No, he said to shop. To shop! We have became a nation of consumers. Our prime identity has became that kind of consumers not mothers, teachers, farmers, but consumers. The prime way that our value measured and demonstrated it's by how much we can reach this arrow, how much we consume. And do we? We shop and shop and shop, keep the materials flowing and flow they do.
Guess what percentage of total material flow through this system. It's still in product use 6 month after the date they have been on sale in North American. 50%? 20? NO, 1%.  One, in other words, 99% of stuff we harvest might process transport. 99% of the stuff we ran through the system is trash within 6 month. How can we run a planet with that level of materials we put?
It wasn't always like this. The average US person now consumes twice as much as they did 50 years ago. Ask your grandma, in her days , stewardship  and resourcefulness and thrift were valued. How didthis happen? Well, it didn't just happen. It was designed. Shortly after World War Two, these guys was figuring out how to ramp up the economy. Retail analyst V* L* B* * the solution became the norm of whole system. He said our enormously productive economy demands that we make consumption a way of our life that we convert the buying goods into rituals rituals that we seek our spiritual satisfaction and ego satisfaction in consumption. We need things consumed ,burned up ,replaced ,and discarded at an ever accelerating rate.



This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
1

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[Homework]2011-04-17&04-23 物品的故事(3/5)

Well, it moves here for distribution. Now, distribution means selling all the toxic contaminated junk as quickly as possible. The goal here is to keep the prices down, keep the people buy and keep the inventory moving. How do they keep the prices down? Well, they don't pay the store worker very much and they skimp on health insurance every time they can. It's all about the externalizing the cost. what that means is the real costs of making stuff aren't captured in the price. In other words, we are paying for the stuff we buy. I was thinking about this the other day. I was walking to work, and I wanted to listen to the news. So I popped into a radio shack to buy a radio. I found this cute little green radio for four dollars ninety-nine cents. I was standing in line buy this thing. And I was thinking how could four dollars ninety-nine cents possibly capture the costs of making this radio and getting it into my hands? The metal was probably mined in South Africa, the petroleum was probably drilled in Iraq, the plastic was probably produced in China, and maybe the whole thing was assembled by some fifteen-year-old in a Maquilar in Mexico.  Four dollars ninety-nine cents wouldn't even pay the rent for the shelf space it occupied until to I came along. Let alone part of the stuff guy's salary who hope me pick it out, or the multiple ocean cruses and truck rides pieces of this radio went on. That's how I realized, I didn't pay for the radio. So who did pay?  Well, these people paid with the loss of their natural resource space.  These people paid with the loss of clean air, with increasing asthma and cancer rates. Kids and Congo paid with their future. Thirty percent of the kids in the Congo have dropped out of school to mine coal, a metal we need for our cheap disposable electronics. These people even paid by having not to cover their health insurance. All along this system, people pitched in, so I could get this radio for four dollars ninety-nine cents. And none of these contributions are recorded in any accounts book. That's what I mean by the company owners externalizing the costs of production. And that brings us to the golden arrow of consumption. This is the heart of the system. The engine that drives it. It is so important that protecting this arrow has become the top priority for both of these guys. That's why after 911, when our country was in shock, and President Bush could have suggested any number of appropriate things to grieve, to pray ,to hope. NO, he said to shop, to shop. We have becoming a nation of consumers. Our primary identity has become that being consumers, not mothers, teachers, farmers, but consumers. The primary way that our value is measured and demonstrated is by how much we can contribute this arrow, how much we consume. And do we, we shop and shop and shop. Keep the materials flowing. And flow they do. Guess what percentage of total materials flow through this system is still in product use six month after the date of sale in North America. 50% ? 20? No, 1%. One, in other words, 99% of the stuff we harvest, mine, produce, transport. 99% of the stuff we run through this system is trash within six months. Now, how can we run a planet with that level of material throughput. It wasn't always like this, the average US percent now consumes twice much they did 50 years ago. Ask your grandma, in her day, stewardship and resourcefulness and thrift were valued.
So how did this happen? Well, it didn't just happen. It was designed, shortly after World War II. These guys were figuring out how to ramp up the economy. Retail analyst Vector Rainbow articulated the solution. it becomes the law for the whole system. He said Our enormously productive economy demands that we make consumption our way of life. That we can covert buying and using goods into rituals, that we seek our spiritual satisfaction, our ego satisfaction in consumption. We need things consumed, burned up, replaced and discarded at an ever accelerating rate.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
1

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  • jessiyear

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Well, it moves here for distribution. Now, distribution means selling all the toxic contaminated junk as quickly as possible. The goal here is to keep the prices down, keep the people buy and keep the inventory moving. How do they keep the prices down? Well, they don't pay the store worker very much and they skimp on health insurance every time they can. It's all about the externalizing the cost. what that means is the real costs of making stuff aren't captured in the price. In other words, we are paying for the stuff we buy. I was thinking about this the other day. I was walking to work, and I wanted to listen to the news. So I popped into a radio shack to buy a radio. I found this cute little green radio for four dollars ninety-nine cents. I was standing in line buy this thing. And I was thinking how could four dollars ninety-nine cents possibly capture the costs of making this radio and getting it into my hands? The metal was probably mined in South Africa, the petroleum was probably drilled in Iraq, the plastic was probably produced in China, and maybe the whole thing was assembled by some fifteen-year-old in a Maquilar in Mexico.  Four dollars ninety-nine cents wouldn't even pay the rent for the shelf space it occupied until to I came along. Let alone part of the stuff guy's salary who hope me pick it out, or the multiple ocean cruses and truck rides pieces of this radio went on. That's how I realized, I didn't pay for the radio. So who did pay?  Well, these people paid with the loss of their natural resource space.  These people paid with the loss of clean air, with increasing asthma and cancer rates. Kids and Congo paid with their future. Thirty percent of the kids in the Congo have dropped out of school to mine coal, a metal we need for our cheap disposable electronics. These people even paid by having not to cover their health insurance. All along this system, people pitched in, so I could get this radio for four dollars ninety-nine cents. And none of these contributions are recorded in any accounts book. That's what I mean by the company owners externalizing the costs of production. And that brings us to the golden arrow of consumption. This is the heart of the system. The engine that drives it. It is so important that protecting this arrow has become the top priority for both of these guys. That's why after 911, when our country was in shock, and President Bush could have suggested any number of appropriate things to grieve, to pray ,to hope. NO, he said to shop, to shop. We have becoming a nation of consumers. Our primary identity has become that being consumers, not mothers, teachers, farmers, but consumers. The primary way that our value is measured and demonstrated is by how much we can contribute this arrow, how much we consume. And do we, we shop and shop and shop. Keep the materials flowing. And flow they do. Guess what percentage of total materials flow through this system is still in product use six month after the date of sale in North America. 50% ? 20? No, 1%. One, in other words, 99% of the stuff we harvest, mine, produce, transport. 99% of the stuff we run through this system is trash within six months. Now, how can we run a planet with that level of material throughput. It wasn't always like this, the average US percent now consumes twice much they did 50 years ago. Ask your grandma, in her day, stewardship and resourcefulness and thrift were valued.
So how did this happen? Well, it didn't just happen. It was designed, shortly after World War II.
well it moves here,for distribution,now distribution means selling all the toxi junck as quickly as possible. The goal here is keep the price down,keep people buying and keep the inventory moving.How did they keep the prices down? well they do not pay this store works very much and skin everytime they came.It's all about exterlizing the cost.well that means the real cost of making such of price.In another words we are paying for this stuff we buy.I was thing about the other day. I was walking to work and I want to listen to the news , I poped in the radio shack to buy a radio, I found this cute green radio $4.99. I was standing in the line to buy this thing. I was thinking how could $4.99 possibly capture the cost of making this radio and get it into my hands.The metal was probably minded in Africa.The prohconiu was probably drilled in Irac.The plastics was probably produced in China.Maybe the whole thing was assembled in the 15th in Mexico.$4.99 even won't even pay the rents for the shelves space occupied till I came along, let alone apart the sky salary who picked me out or the mutiple occian  cue and truck riders pieces the radio one time
.That's I realized I didn't pay the radio, so who did pay? Well these people pay the loss of nature resource space.these people pay for the loss of clean air with increasing airsma and cancer rates.kids pay the congo with their future. 13% of the congo drop school to mine coal tan. A matter we need for a chief to explosibly electronics.These people even paid cover their own health insurance. All along this system, people pitched in and said I can get this radio for $4.99 and none of this contributions in the end in the accounts book. that's why I mean the company by exterlizing true cost of production. And that brings us to the gold area consumption.This is the heart of the system.The engine drives it.It is so improtant to protecting this area has become the top priority of these guys.That's why after nine 11th, when our country is in shock and presedent Bush can't suggest any No for appropriate things, for grieve,pray,to hope.No, he said to shop,to shop ,we have become a nation of concumers.Our primary identities has become that consumers.not teachers farmers but consumers.The primary way that all values measured and demonstrated is by how much we can enter this area. how much we consume and do we shop shop and shop ,keep the materials flowing and flow they do.guess what percentage of total materials flow throught this system.It's still a product through 6 month after the day of sale in North American.50%, 20?no.1%, 1,in another words 99% of the stuff we
本帖最后由 jessiyear 于 2011-4-25 15:08 编辑 Well ,it moves here for distribution. Now distribution means selling all the toxical comtaminated junk as quickly as possible.The goal here is to keep the prices down ,keep the people buying and keep the inventory moving  . How did they keep the prices down ?
        Well they don't pay the store workers very much and they skin upon health insurance everytime they can.It's all about externalizing the costs.What that means is the real cost of making stuff aren't caputured in the price. In other words, we aren't paying for the stuff we buy.I was thinking about this the other day. I was working to work and I wanna listen to the news. So I popped into a radio shack to buy a radio.I found this cute little green radio for $4.99. I was standing in line to buy this thing and I was thinking how could $4.99 possibly capture the cost of making this radio and getting it into my hand?
         The metal was propably mined in South Afria. The petroleum was probably drilled in Iraq. The plastic was probably produced in China.Maybe the whole thing was a sample made by a 15-year-old mechiroran Mexico. $4.99won't even pay the rent for the shelf space occupied until I came along, let alone part of the stuff guy 's salary who help me pick it out  or the multiple ocean cruises and truck pieces radio down.That's how I realize I didn't pay for the radio .So who did pay?Well ,these people pay with the loss of their natural resources and space.These people pay with the loss of the clean air with increasing axzima and cancer rates . Kids in the Cango pay with the future.30%of the kids in part of Cango have dropped out of school to mine coltain ,a matter we need for our cheap disposable electronics.These people even paid by having to cover their own health insurance.All along these system ,people pitch in so I could get this radio for $4.99. And none of these contributions are recorded in any accounts book. That's what I mean by the company always externalized the true cost of production.
            And that brings us to the gold arrow of consumption. This is the heart of the system ,the engine that drives.It is so important that protecting this arrow has become the top priority for both of these guys.That's why after 911, when our country was in shock  and President Bush could have suggested any number of approprite things.To grieve ,to pray ,to hope,no he said to shop ,to shop.We have become a nation of consumers . Our prime identity  has become consumers not mothers ,teachers ,farmers but consumers.The primary way that our value is measured and demonstrated is by how much we can reach the arrow, how much we consume and do we?
           We shop  and shop and shop ,keep the materials flowing and flow they do. Guess what percentage of total materials flow through this system.It's still in product use 6 months after they have been on sale in American. 15% ,20%, no 1%. 1, in other words 99% of the stuff we harvest may  pass from transport.99% of the stuff we ran through this system is trashed within 6 months.How can we run a planet with that level of material output .
             It was not always like this. The average US person now consumes twice as much as they did 50 years ago. Ask your grandma, in her days ,Stewardship and resourcefullness and thrift were valued.So how did this happen?Well it didn't just happen .It was designed. Shortly after World War Two ,these guys were figuring out how to ramp up the economy .Retailing analyst Vitor Le Bowl  artickling the solution  that's became the norm for the whole system.He said our enormously productive economy demands that we make consumption a way of life that we convert the buying goods into rituals that we seek our spiritual satisfaction and ego satisfaction in consumption . We need things consumed ,burned up ,replaced ,and discarded at an ever accelerating rate.

//本版严禁抄袭!!!   ---- jessiyear
实现无障碍英语沟通

[Homework]2011-04-17&04-23 物品的故事(3/5)

the goal here is to keep prices down,keep    buying and keep the inventory moving.how did they keep the prices down?don't pay the stock workers very much and they ---help --several time i can.it's all about externalizing the costs.what that means it is the real costs of making stuff aren't captured in the price.in other words,we are paying for the stuff we buy.i was thinking about this the other day.i was walking to work,and i want to listen to the news.so i popped into a radio shack to buy a radio.i found this cute little green radio for 4.99 dollars.i was standing in line to buy this thing and i was thinking how could 4.99 dollars possibly capture the costs of making this radio and getting it into my hands.the metal was probaly mined in South Africa,the petroleum was probably drilled in Iraq,the plastic was probably produced in China.Maybe the whole thing was assembled by some 15

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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本帖最后由 jessiyear 于 2011-4-25 15:04 编辑 on chenxizilily

Well, it moves here, for distribution. Now distribution means selling all the toxic-contaminated junk as quickly as possible. The goal here is to keep the prices down, keep the people buying and keep the inventory moving. How do they keep the prices down? Well they don't pay the store workers very much and they skimp on health insurance every time they can. It's all about externalizing the costs. What that means is the real costs of making stuff aren't captured in the price. In other words, we aren't paying for the stuff we buy. I was thinking about this the other day. I was walking to work and I wanted to listen to the news so I popped into a radio shack to buy a radio. I found this cute little green radio for 4 dollar and 99 cents. I was standing there in line to buy this thing and I was thinking how could 4 dollar and 99 cents possibly capture the costs of making this radio and getting it into my hands?


The metal was pro
bably mined in South Africa. The petroleum was probably drilled in Iraq. The plastics were probably produced in China. And maybe the whole thing was assembled by some 15-year-old in a maquiladora in Mexico. 4 dollar and 99 cents won't even pay the rent for the shelf space it occupied until I came along, let alone part of the stuff guy's salary who helped me pick it out or the multiple ocean cruises and truck rides pieces of this radio went on. That's how I realize I didn't pay for the radio. So who did pay? Well, these people paid with the loss of their natural resource base. These people paid with the loss of their clean air with increasing asthma and cancer rates. Kids in the Congo paid with their future. 30% of the kids in part of the Congo have dropped out of school to mine coltan, a metal we need for our cheap and disposable electronics. These people even paid by having to cover their own health insurance. All along this system, people pitched in so I could get this radio for 4 dollar and 99 cents. And none of these contributions are recorded in any accounts book. That's what I mean by the company owners externalize the true costs of production.

And that brings us to the golden arrow of consumption. This is the heart of the system, the engine that drives it. It is so important that protecting this arrow has become the top priority for both of these guys. That's why after 911, when our country was in shock and President Bush could have suggested any number of appropriate things: to grieve, to pray, to hope. No. He said to shop. To shop! We have become a nation of consumers. Our prime identity has become that of being consumers, not mothers, teachers, farmers, but consumers. The primary way that our value is measured and demonstrated is by how much we contribute to this arrow, how much we consume. And do we! We shop and shop and shop. Keep the materials flowing and flow they do.

 

Guess what percentage of total materials flow through this system is still in product or use 6 months after the date of sale in North America. 50%? 20%? No, 1%. 1! In other words, 99% of the stuff we harvest, mine, process, transport, 99% of the stuff we run through this system is trashed within 6 months. Now how can we run a planet with that level of materials throughput?

It wasn’t always like this. The average U.S. person now consumes twice as much as they did 50 years ago. Ask your grandma. In her days, stewardship and resourcefulness and thrift were valued. So how did this happen? Well it didn't just happen. It was designed. Shortly after World War Two, these guys were figuring out how to ramp up the economy. Retailing analyst Victor Lebow articulated the solution that's become the norm for the whole system. He said: “Our enormously productive economy demands that we make consumption our way of life, that we convert the buying and use of goods into rituals, that we seek our spiritual satisfaction, our ego satisfaction, in consumption… We need things consumed, burned up, replaced, and discarded at an ever-accelerating rate.




好栏目推荐之美国口语俚语
2# chenxizilily
好厉害啊,怎么做到的
我们都是好孩子
Well, it moves here, for distribution. Now distribution means selling all the toxic-contaminated junk as quickly as possible. The goal here is to keep the prices down, keep the people buying and keep the inventory moving. How do they keep the prices down? Well they don't pay the store workers very much and they skimp on health insurance every time they can. It's all about externalizing the costs. What that means is the real costs of making stuff aren't captured in the price. In other words, we aren't paying for the stuff we buy. I was thinking about this the other day. I was walking to work and I wanted to listen to the news so I popped into a radio shack to buy a radio. I found this cute little green radio for 4 dollar and 99 cents. I was standing there in line to buy this thing and I was thinking how could 4 dollar and 99 cents possibly capture the costs of making this radio and getting it into my hands?



The metal was probably mined in South Africa. The petroleum was probably drilled in Iraq. The plastics were probably produced in China. And maybe the whole thing was assembled by some 15-year-old in a maquiladora in Mexico. 4 dollar and 99 cents won't even pay the rent for the shelf space it occupied until I came along, let alone part of the stuff guy's salary who helped me pick it out or the multiple ocean cruises and truck rides pieces of this radio went on. That's how I realize I didn't pay for the radio. So who did pay? Well, these people paid with the loss of their natural resource base. These people paid with the loss of their clean air with increasing asthma and cancer rates. Kids in the Congo paid with their future. 30% of the kids in part of the Congo have dropped out of school to mine coltan, a metal we need for our cheap and disposable electronics. These people even paid by having to cover their own health insurance. All along this system, people pitched in so I could get this radio for 4 dollar and 99 cents. And none of these contributions are recorded in any accounts book. That's what I mean by the company owners externalize the true costs of production.



And that brings us to the golden arrow of consumption. This is the heart of the system, the engine that drives it. It is so important that protecting this arrow has become the top priority for both of these guys. That's why after 911, when our country was in shock and President Bush could have suggested any number of appropriate things: to grieve, to pray, to hope. No. He said to shop. To shop! We have become a nation of consumers. Our prime identity has become that of being consumers, not mothers, teachers, farmers, but consumers. The primary way that our value is measured and demonstrated is by how much we contribute to this arrow, how much we consume. And do we! We shop and shop and shop. Keep the materials flowing and flow they do.



Guess what percentage of total materials flow through this system is still in product or use 6 months after the date of sale in North America. 50%? 20%? No, 1%. 1! In other words, 99% of the stuff we harvest, mine, process, transport, 99% of the stuff we run through this system is trashed within 6 months. Now how can we run a planet with that level of materials throughput?



It wasn’t always like this. The average U.S. person now consumes twice as much as they did 50 years ago. Ask your grandma. In her days, stewardship and resourcefulness and thrift were valued. So how did this happen? Well it didn't just happen. It was designed. Shortly after World War Two, these guys were figuring out how to ramp up the economy. Retailing analyst Victor Lebow articulated the solution that's become the norm for the whole system. He said: “Our enormously productive economy demands that we make consumption our way of life, that we convert the buying and use of goods into rituals, that we seek our spiritual satisfaction, our ego satisfaction, in consumption… We need things consumed, burned up, replaced, and discarded at an ever-accelerating rate.”

[Homework]【整理】2011-04-17&04-23 物品的故事(3/5)

Well we moves here, for distribution. Now distribution means selling all th toxic comterminated junk as quicyli as possible. The goal here is to keep the prices down, keep the people buying, and keep the inventory moving. How did they keep the prices down. Well they don't pay these store work as very much, they scan by the iventory every time they can. It's all about externalizing the cost. That means it's the real cost of making stuff on captured in the price. In other words, we are paying for the stuff we buy. I was thinking about this the other day. I was walking to work and I want to listen to the news, so I popped into a radio shack to buy a radio. The cute little green radio for $4.99. I was standing in the line to buy this thing and I was thinking: How could $4.99 possibly capture the cost of making this radio and getting it into my hands? Metal was probably mined in South Africa. The petrolium was probably droze in Iraq. The plastic was probably produced in China. And may be the whole thing was essembled by them fifteen cents  in Mexico. $4.99 weren't even pay the rent for the shelf space occupied until I came along. Let along parts of the stuff get salary who help me pick it out, or the ocean cruses and truck  pieces of this radio went on. That's how I realised I didn't pay for the radio. So who did pay? Well, these people pay for the lost of their natual resource's base. These people pay for the lost of their clearn air, with increasing and cancer rates. Kids in the coungo payed with their future. Thirty percent kids in part of the coungo have dropped scores . we need for a cheap and disposabally like tronics. These people even payed by having the cover of their own health insurance. All along the system people pitched in so I could get this radio for $4.99. None of these contribution is recored in any a counts book , that's what I mean by the company externalized ture cost production. And that brings to the goals in the error of consumption. This is the hot of this system. The engine drives it. It's so important that protecting this error has become the top priority for both of these guys. That's why after 911, when our country was in shock, and President Bush could suggest any number of propreate things, to grieve, to pray, to hope. No, he said, to shop. To shop! We have become a nation of consumers. Primary identity has become that of being consumers, not mothers, teachers, farmers, but consumers. The primary way that all our value is measured and demonstrated is by how much we can do to this error? How much we consume? And do we? We shop, and shop, and shop, keep the materials flowing, and flow they do. Guess what percentage of total material's flow threw this system is still in product used six months after the date of sell in North America? Fifty persent? Twenty? No, 1 percent. one! In other words, 99% of the stuff we have in our prices transferred  . 99% of the stuff we run to this system is trashed within six months. Now how can we run a planet with this level of material's super? It wasn't always like this. The person now consumes twice as much as they did 50 years ago.grandma, in her days  resources valued. So how did this happen? Well it didn't just happen. It was designed. Shortly after World War Two, these guys were figuring out how to up the economy, retelling endless victory, or particular the solution that became norm of whole system. He said, we  prductive economy...demands we make consumption a way of life, that we can divert buying and using of goods in to rituals, that we seek are spritural satisfaction, are ego satisfaction and consumption, we need things consumed, burned up, replaced and discarded at an ever exelarating
This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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[Homework]【整理】2011-04-17&04-23 物品的故事(3/5)

Homework
Well,it moves here for distribution. Now distribution means selling all the toxic taminated junks as quickly as possible. The goal here is to keep the prices down, keep the people buying and keep the enventory moving. How do they keep the prices down? Well they don't pay the store worker very much and skump on the health insurance everytime they can. It's all about externalizing cost. That means it's the real cost of making stuff on captured in the price. In another words, We are paying for the stuff we buy. I was thinking about this the other day. I was walking to work and want to listen to the news so i popped in the radio shack to buy a radio. I found it's a cute little green radio for 4.99 usd. I was standing there in line to buy this thing, and i was thinking how could afford 4.99 possiblly capture the cost of making this radio and geting in my hands.
Metal was probably mined in south Africa, The pertrolin was probably drilled in Iraq, the plastics was probably produced in China. Maybe the whole thing was assembled by them 15-years-old       in Maxico. Usd 4.99 won't even pay the rent for the shelf space it accupied until I came along, let along a part of stuff guys salary who help me pick them out all the multiple ocean cruises and truck rides pieces of this radio went on. That's how i realize I didn't pay for the radio, so who did pay? Well, these people pay with the loss of nature resource space, these people pay with loss of clean air with increasing     and cancer rates. Kids in Cango pay with the future. 30% of kids in part of Cango have dropped their schools to mine coltain, a mental we need for a cheap and disposable eletronic. These people even paid by have covered their health ensurance. All along this system. People pitch them in so I could get this radio for Usd 4.99, and none of these contributions are recorded in any acounts book. That's what i mean by the company owners externalized the true cost of production. and then bring us to, the golden arrow of consumption

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!

[Homework]【整理】2011-04-17&04-23 物品的故事(3/5)

...This is the heart of the system, the engine that drives it. It is so important pertecting this arrow has become top priority for both of these guys. That is why after 911 when our country was in shock and president Bush could suggest any number of proper things, to grieve, to prey, to hope. No, he said to shop. Shop! We have become a nation of consumers. Our prime identity has become that of being consumers,not mothers, teachers, farmers, but consumers. The prime way that all values is meagured and demonstrated is by how much we can contribute to the arrow, how much we can consume and do we?  We shop, shop and shop, keep the materials flowing, and flow they do. Guess what percatage of tatol materials flow through this system is still in probably use 6 months after the day of sail in north America. 50%? 20%? No, 1%. 1, in other words, 99% of the stuff we harvest, mine, process,  transport, 99% of stuff we ran through the system is trashed within 6 months. Now how can we run a planet with that level of materials throughput? it wasn't always like this? the average of  persons now consume twice as much as material they did 50 years ago. Ask grandma, in her days, stewship, recourceful and thrift were valued. So how did it happen? Well, it didn't just happen, it was designed. Shortly afterwards world too. These guys were figuring out how to win up the econemy. Retiring anylist Victor Lebow articulate the solution that became the norm of the whole system. He said our enormously productive econimy demand  we make consumption the way of our lifes, that we convert the buying and use of the good into retuals, that we seel satisfaction and ego satisfaction in consumption. We need thing consumed , burned up, replace and discard it at ever-accelating rate.
This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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HW
We’ll move to here, for distribution. Now distribution means selling all the toxic * as quickly as possible. To goal here is to keep the price down, keep the people buying and keep the inventory moving.

How do they keep the price down? Well, they don’t pay the store workers much, they * on health * every time they can. It’s all about externalizing the costs. What that means is the real costs of making stuff captured in the price. In other words, we are paying for the stuff we buy.

I was thinking about this other day, I was walking to walk and I wanted to listen to the news. So I popped into a radio shack to buy a radio. I found this cute little green radio for 4 dollars and 99 cents. I was standing on the line to buy this thing. Yet, I was thinking how could 4 dollars and 99 cents possibly capture the costs of making this radio and giving it into my hands? The mental * was probably mined in South Africa. The * was probably * in IRAQ. The * was probably produced in China. And maybe the whole thing with the simple * fifteen years old * in * or Mexico. 4 dollars and 99 cents won’t even pay the run for the share place * I came along. Let alone part of the stuff I get salary who help me to pick out, or the * ocean * and * pieces this radio went down.

That’s how I realized. I didn’t pay for the radio. So who did pay? Well, these people pay with the lost of their natural resource space. These people pay with the lost of their clean air, with increasing * and cancer rates. Kids are * paid with their future. 30 percent o f kids * the * have dropped school to *, a metal we need for a cheap * electronic. These people even paid by having * health *. All long the system, people * in so I can get this radio for 4 dollars and 99 cents. And none of these contributions recall in accounts book.

That’s what I mean by the company owners externalize the true cost, production. And that brings us to the golden arrow to consumption. This is the heart of the system, the engine that drives it. It is so important that protecting this arrow has become the tall priority for both of these people. That’s why after 1911, when our country was in shark, president Bush could suggest any number of * things: to grieve, to pray, to hope. No, he said to shop. To shop! We have become a notion of consumers. Our primer identity has become that * consumer, not mothers, teachers, farmers, but consumers. The primer way that all value is measured and demonstrated is by how much we can do to this arrow, how much we can consume. And do we? We shop, and shop, and shop, keep the materials floating, and float they do. Guess what percentage of total materials float through this system is still in producter * 6 months after the day of sell in North America. Fifty percent? Twenty? No, one percent, one. In other words, 99 percent of the stuff we harvest, mine, *, transport, 99 percent of the stuff we run to this system is trashed within 6 months. Now how can we run a planet with that level of material threw *.

It wasn’t always like this. The average US person now can consume as twice as they did fifty years ago. Ask your grandma, in her day, store ship and resource for * are valued. So how do this happen? Well, it didn’t just happen, it was desired. Surely after world war 2, these guys are figuring out how to run up the economy, … the ball, are … the solution that become the norm of the whole system. He said, our enormously productive economy demands we make consumption our way of life, that we convert the buying and use of goods into rituals, that we seek our spiritual satisfaction, our ego satisfaction in consumption. We need things consumed, burned up, replaced and discarded at an ever-accelerating.
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