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[豆知识] 【整理】2011-05-29&06-04 “总量管制和交易”的故事 (1/3)

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[豆知识] 【整理】2011-05-29&06-04 “总量管制和交易”的故事 (1/3)

本帖最后由 jessiyear 于 2011-5-29 11:19 编辑

Bits-of-Knowledge-2011-05-29&06-04


The Story of Cap&Trade


Cap and Trade is the leading climate solution being discussed at Copenhagen and on Capitol Hill which is a method for managing and ultimately reducing the amount of pollution emitted into the atmosphere. This episode of BOK will reveal the "devils in the details" in current cap and trade proposals: free permits to big polluters, fake offsets and distraction from whats really required to tackle the climate crisis. And here is Part I.







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jessiyear在 整理的参考文本:
I am so glad that the world is finally getting together to stop climate change. When I first heard that our leaders were meeting to talk about solutions, I breathed a huge sigh of relief. Didn’t you? Then I said, wait a minute, what exactly are they planning to do about this problem? So I looked into it. And I gotta tell you not all the solutions they’re working on are what I’d call solutions. In fact, the leading solution known as cap and trade or emissions trading is actually a huge problem.



Now, I know this is the last thing you wanna hear, but the future of our planet is at stake, so we gotta take the time to understand what’s going on here. OK, meet the guys at the heart of this so-called solution. They include the guys from Enron who designed energy trading, and the Wall Street financiers like Goldman Sachs who gave us the subprime mortgage crisis. Their job is to develop brand new markets. They stake their claims and then when everyone and their grandmother wants in, they made off with huge amounts of money as the markets becomes a giant bubble and bursts. Well, their latest bubble just burst, and now they have a new idea for a market, trading carbon pollution. They’re about to develop a new three-trillion-dollar bubble, but when this one bursts, it won’t just take down our stock portfolios, it could take down everything.



So how does cap and trade work? Well, pretty much all serious scientists agree that we need to reduce the amount of carbon in the atmosphere to 350 parts per million if we want to avoid climate disaster. In the US, that means reducing our emissions by 80%, maybe even more by 2050. 80%! Now the problem is that most of our global economy runs on burning fossil fuels which releases carbon: the factories that make all our staffs, the ships and trucks that carry it around the world, our cars and buildings and appliances, just about everything. So how are we gonna reduce carbon 80% and not go back to live in like little house on the prairie? Well, these cap and trade guys are saying that a new carbon stock market is the best way to get it done.



The first step would be getting governments around the world to agree on a yearly limit on carbon emissions. That is the cap. I think that part is great. So how do they wanna ensure that carbon emission stay under the cap? Well, governments would distribute a certain amount of permits to pollute. Every year there would be fewer and fewer permits as we follow the cap to our goal. Innovative companies will get on board, building clean alternatives and getting more efficient. As permits get scarcer, they will also become more valuable, so naturally companies who have extra will want to sell them to companies who need them. That’s where the trading comes in.



The logic is that as long as we stay under the cap, it doesn’t matter who pollutes and who innovates. We’ll meet our climate deadline, avoiding catastrophe. And oh yeah, these guys take the fee as they broker this multi-trillion carbon racket, I mean market.



Save the planet, get rich, what’s not to like? Some of my friends really care about our future support cap and trade. A lot of environmental groups that I respect do too. They know it’s not a perfect solution, and they don’t love the idea of turning our planet’s future over to these guys, but they think that it’s an important first step and that it’s better than nothing. I’m not so sure, and I’m not the only one.


jessiyear在 整理的生词:
Enron:美国安然公司,主要经营能源







prairie:北美大草原







catastrophe:n. an unexpected event that causes great suffering or damage 大灾难

普特在线文本比较普特在线听音查字普特在线拼写检查普特文本转音频



hw

I’m so glad that the world is finally getting together to stop climate change, when I first heard that our leaders were meeting to talk about solutions, I breathed a huge sign of relieve, didn’t you? Then I said, wait a minute, what exactly are they planning to do about this problem? So I look into it, and I’ve gotta tell you not all the solutions that they are working on what I call solutions. In fact, the leading solution known as the cap and trade or mission trading is actually a huge problem.

Well, I know this is the last thing you wanna hear, but the future of our planet is at stake, so we gotta take time to understand what’s going on here. OK, meet the guys at the heart of so-called solution, then include the guys from Eron who design energy trading and the Wall Street financier like Goldman Sachs who gave us the subprime mortgage crisis. Their job is to develop brand-new markets. They state to claim and then when everyone and their grandmothers / in, they made up with a huge amount of money as the markets become a giant bubble and burst. Well, their latest bubble just burst, and now they have a new idea for a market, trading carbon polution.

They’re about to develop a new three-trillion-dollar bubble, but when this one burst, it won’t just take down our stock pofortlios , it could take down everything. So how this cap and trade work? Well, pretty much all serious scientists agree that we need to reduce the amount of carbon in the atmosphere to 350ppm if we want to avoid climate disaster. In the US, that means reducing emissions by 80%, maybe even more by 2050. 80%? Now the problem is that most of our global economy runs on burning fossil fuels which releases carbon, the factories that make all kinds of staffs, the ships and the trucks that carry around the world, our cars and buildings and / just about everything. So how are we going to reduce carbon 80% and not go back to live in like a little house on /. Well, this cap and trade guys are saying that a new carbon stock market is the best way to get it done.

The first step beginning governments around the world to agree on a yearly living on the carbon emissions, that is the cap. I think that part is great. So how do they wanna ensure that the carbon emissions’ state is under the cap? Well, governments will distribute a certain amount of permits to pollute, every year there will be fewer and fewer permits as we follow the cap to our goal. Inevented companies will get on board, building clean alternatives and getting more efficient. As permits get scare soon, they will also become more valuable, so naturally companies who have / want to sell them to companies who need them, that’s when the trading comes in.

The logic is that as long as we stay under the cap, it doesn’t matter who polutes it and who / it, we meet the climate deadline, avoiding catastrophy and oh, yeah, these guys take the fears they broker this multi-trillion carbon market, / market.

Save the planet, get rich, well, it’s too late. Some of my friends are really care about our futures for cap and trade. A lot of environmental groups that are speculating too, they know it’s not the perfect solution, and they don’t love the idea of turning our planet future over these guys, but they think that it’s an important first step and that it’s better than nothing. I am not so sure, and I am not the only one.
天行健,君子以自强不息;地势坤,君子以厚德载物。
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on myself~

I’m so glad that the world is finally getting together to stop climate change, when I first heard that our leaders were meeting to talk about solutions, I breathed a huge sigh of relief, didn’t you? Then I said, wait a minute, what exactly are they planning to do about this problem? So I look into it, and I’ve gotta tell you not all the solutions / they are working on are what I call solutions. In fact, the leading solution known as / cap and trade or emissions trading is actually a huge problem.

Now, I know this is the last thing you wanna hear, but the future of our planet is at stake, so we gotta take time to understand what’s going on here. OK, meet the guys at the heart of so-called solution, they include the guys from Eron who designed energy trading and the Wall Street financiers like Goldman Sachs who gave us the subprime mortgage crisis. Their job is to develop brand-new markets. They stake their claims and then when everyone and their grandmothers / in, they made up off a huge amount of money as the markets become a giant bubble and bursts. Well, their latest bubble just burst, and now they have a new idea for a market, trading carbon polution.

They’re about to develop a new three-trillion-dollar bubble, but when this one bursts, it won’t just take down our stock pofortlios , it could take down everything. So how this cap and trade work? Well, pretty much all serious scientists agree that we need to reduce the amount of carbon in the atmosphere to 350ppm if we want to avoid climate disaster. In the US, that means reducing emissions by 80%, maybe even more by 2050. 80%? Now the problem is that most of our global economy runs on burning fossil fuels which releases carbon, the factories that make our staffs, the ships and the trucks that carry it around the world, our cars and buildings and appliances, just about everything. So how are we going to reduce carbon 80% and not go back to live in like a little house on /. Well, this cap and trade guys are saying that a new carbon stock market is the best way to get it done.

The first step would be getting governments around the world to agree on a yearly limit on / carbon emissions, that is the cap. I think that part is great. So how do they wanna ensure that the carbon emissions’ state is under the cap? Well, governments will distribute a certain amount of permits to pollute, every year there will be fewer and fewer permits as we follow the cap to our goal. Innovated companies will get on board, building clean alternatives and getting more efficient. As permits get scarer soon, they will also become more valuable, so naturally companies who have extra will want to sell them to companies who need them, that’s when the trading comes in.

The logic is that as long as we stay under the cap, it doesn’t matter who polutes it and who innovates, we meet the climate deadline, avoiding catastrophy and oh, yeah, these guys take the fears they broker this multi-trillion carbon racket, /
market.


Save the planet, get rich, well, it’s too late. Some of my friends are really care about our futures for cap and trade. A lot of environmental groups that I respect do too, they know it’s not the perfect solution, and they don’t love the idea of turning our planet future over these guys, but they think that it’s an important first step and that it’s better than nothing. I am not so sure, and I am not the only one.
1

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  • jessiyear

天行健,君子以自强不息;地势坤,君子以厚德载物。
实现无障碍英语沟通
本帖最后由 jessiyear 于 2011-6-6 15:53 编辑 碳交易


碳交易基本原理是,合同的一方通过支付另一方获得温室气体减排额,买方可以将购得的减排额用于减缓温室效应从而实现其减排的目标。在6种被要求排减的温室气体中,二氧化碳(CO2)为最大宗,所以这种交易以每吨二氧化碳当量(tCO2e)为计算单位,所以通称为“碳交易”。其交易市场称为碳市场(Carbon Market)。


http://baike.baidu.com/view/831144.htm

// Cap and Trade, 又叫 carbon trading    ---- jessiyear 
天行健,君子以自强不息;地势坤,君子以厚德载物。
口译专员推荐—>口译训练软件IPTAM口译通

[Homework]2011-05-29&06-04 “总量管制和交易”的故事 (1/3)

I am so glad that the world is finally getting together to stop the climate change. When I first heard that the leaders were meeting to talk about solutions, I breathe the huge sigh of relieve, didn't you? Then I said ,wait a minate! what exactly are they planning to do about this problem? So I looked into it, and I'll get to tell you not all the solutions they are working on are what I consulations. In fact, the leading solution known as carbon trade are emissions trading is actually a huge problem.
Now I know this is the last thing you want to hear, but the future of our planet is at stake. We got to take the time to understand what's going on here. Ok, meet the guys that the heart of so called solution, they include the guys from Anron who designs the energy trading and Wall Street financiers like Goldman Sachs who gives a subprime Morgage Crisis. Their job is to develop brand new markets, they stake the claims and then when everyone and their grandmother once in, they make up of huge immense of money as the market become a giant bubble and burst.Well, the lastest bubble just burst and now they have a new idea for a market---trading carbon pollution.
They are about to develop a three-trillion-dollar bubble, but when this one burst, It won't just take down our stoke poforlias, it could take down everything. so ,how does carbon trade work? Well, pretty much all serious scientist agree that we need to reduce the amount of carbon atomsphere to 350 ppm if we want to avoid climate disaster. In the US, that mean to reduce our emissions by 80%, maybe even more, by 2050. 80%? but the problem is most of our globle economy runs on burning fossil fuel which will release carbon. The factories make our stuff, the ships and trucks that carried around the world, and cars and billions of plants, just about everything.
So how are we going to reduce carbon in 80% and not go back to live in like little house on the poory. Well, these carbon trade guys are saying that a new carbon stock market is the best way to get it down. The first step beginning governments around the world to agree on gearly liven on carbon emission, that is the cap. I think that part is great. so, how do they want to ensure the carbon emission state under the cap.Well, government will distribute a certain amount of permits to pollute. Every year there will be fewer and fewer permits as we thought the capter are go. Innovate of campanies will get on board, billion cleaner alternatives are getting more efficient. As permits gets scarcer, they would also become valuable. So, naturally companies whoever extranal want sell them to companies who need them. That is what the trade comes in.
The logic is that as long as we stay  under the cap. It does matter who pollute in the elements. We meet the climate deadline avoiding catastrophy and oh,yeah, these guys take the fee as the broker this mozat-trillion dollar carbon raket---I mean market.
Save the planet,get rich ,what's not too late. Some of my friend were really care about our futures about carbon trade. A lot enviromental group said we expected too. Their notes is not perfect solution and won't loved the idea of turning up our planet's future on these guys. But they think it is important first step, and it's better than nothing. I'm not so sure, and I'm not the only one.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
1

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  • jessiyear

HW

I’m so glad that the world is finally getting together to solve climate change. When I first heard that our leaders were meeting to talk about solutions, I breathed a huge sign of relieve, didn’t you?
Then, I said, “Wait a minute what are they exactly doing about this problem.” So I looked into it. And I have to tell you not all the solutions that are working on as I call solutions. In fact the leading solution known as Cap&Trade or mission’s trading is actually a huge problem. Now I know this is the last you want to hear. But the future of our planet is at stakes. We got to take time to understand what’s going on here.
Ok, meet the guys at the heart of so-called solutions, they include guys from Enron who designed energy trading, and Wall Street Finances like Goldman Sachs who gave us subprime mortgage crisis. Their job is to develop brand new markets. They stake their claims until everyone and a grandmother wants in. They make up for huge amounts of money as the market becomes a huge bubble and bursts. Well, the latest bubble just burst, and now they have a new idea for a market, ‘Trading carbon pollution.’ They are about to develop a new 3-trillion-dollar-bubble. And when this one bursts, it won’t just take down the stock portfolios, it could take down everything.
So, how does carbon trade work? Well, pretty much all serious scientists agree we need to reduce the amount of carbon in atmosphere to 350 ppm, if we want to avoid climate disaster. In the US that means to reduce our emission by 80%, maybe even more by 2050. 80%! That the problem is most of our global economy runs on burning fossil fuel which releases carbon. The factories that make all stuff, the ships and trucks that carry it around the world, our cars, buildings and /, just about everything. So, how we’re gonna reduce carbon 80%, and not go back to live in like a little house on the Peri. Well, these carbon trade guys are saying that a new carbon stock market is the best way to get it done.
The first ever beginning governments around the world who agree on the yearly limit on carbon emissions, that’s the cap. I think that part is great. So how do they want to ensure that carbon emission state is under the cap. Well, governments will distribute the certain amount of permits to pollute. Every year there will be fewer and fewer permits as we follow the cap to our goal. Innovated companies will get on board, building clean alternatives and getting more efficient. As permits get scarce soon they will also become more valuable. So, naturally companies work extra want to sell them to companies who need them. That’s what trading comes in.
The logic is as long as we under the cap, it doesn’t matter who pollutes or innovates. We meet our climate deadline avoiding catastrophe, and oh yeah, these guys take their fee as they broker this multi-trillion dollar carbon rake-it, I mean market. Save the planet, get rich, what’s not to like.
Some of my friends really care about our futures for carbon trade, a lot of environment groups that I respect too. They know it’s not a perfect solution and they don’t love the idea of turning our planet future over to these guys. And they think it’s important for a step, and it’s better than nothing. I’m not so sure, and I’m not the only one.
1

评分次数

I’m so glad that the world is finally getting together to stop climate change, when I first heard that our leaders were meeting to talk about solutions, I breathed a huge sign of relieve, didn’t you? Then I said, wait a minute, what exactly are they planning to do about this problem? So I look into it, and I get to tell you not all the solutions that they are working on are what I call solutions. In fact, the leading solution known as the cap and trade or mission trading is actually a huge problem.

Well, I know this is the last thing you want to hear, but the future of our planet is at stake, so we got to take time to understand what’s going on here. OK, meet the guys at the heart of so-called solution, then include the guys from Eron who design energy trading and the Wall Street financier like Goldman Sachs who gave us the subprime mortgage crisis. Their job is to develop brand-new markets. They stake their claims and then when everyone and their grandmothers want in, they made up with a huge amount of money as the markets become a giant bubble and burst. Well, their latest bubble just burst, and now they have a new idea for a market, trading carbon pollution.

They’re about to develop a new three-trillion-dollar bubble, but when this one burst, it won’t just take down our stock portfolios, it could take down everything. So how this cap and trade work? Well, pretty much all serious scientists agree that we need to reduce the amount of carbon in the atmosphere to 350ppm if we want to avoid climate disaster. In the US, that means reducing emissions by 80%, maybe even more by 2050. 80%? Now the problem is that most of our global economy runs on burning fossil fuels which releases carbon, the factories that make all kinds of staffs, the ships and the trucks that carry around the world, our cars and buildings and planes just about everything. So how are we going to reduce carbon 80% and not go back to live in like a little house on the primary. Well, this cap and trade guys are saying that a new carbon stock market is the best way to get it done.

The first step would be getting governments around the world to agree on a yearly living on the carbon emissions, that is the cap. I think that part is great. So how do they want to ensure that the carbon emissions stay under the cap? Well, governments will distribute a certain amount of permits to pollute, every year there will be fewer and fewer permits as we follow the cap to our goal. Innovative companies will get on board, building clean alternatives and getting more efficient. As permits get scarcer, they will also become more valuable, so naturally companies who have extra ones want to sell them to companies who need them. That’s when the trading comes in.

The logic is that as long as we stay under the cap, it doesn’t matter who pollutes it and who innovates, we meet the climate deadline, avoiding catastrophe and oh, yeah, these guys take the fears they broker this multi-trillion carbon racket, I mean market.

Save the planet, get rich, well, what’s not to like? Some of my friends really care about our futures for cap and trade. A lot of environmental groups that we are expected too, they know it’s not the perfect solution, and they don’t love the idea of turning our planet future over these guys, but they think that it’s an important first step and that it’s better than nothing. I am not so sure, and I am not the only one.
实现无障碍英语沟通

[Homework]2011-05-29&06-04 “总量管制和交易”的故事 (1/3)

I'm so glad the world is finally getting together to stop climate change. When I first heard that our leaders were meeting to talk about solutions. I breathed a huge sign of relief. Didn't you? Then I said, wait a minute, what exactly are they planing to do about this problem? So I looked into it. I gotta tell you not all the solutions they're working on what I call solutions. In fact, leading solutions known as cap and trade or emissions trading is actually a huge problem. Now, I know, this is the last thing you wanna hear, but the future of our planet is at stake. So we gotta take the time to understand what's going here. OK, meet the guys at the heart of this so-called solution, they include guys from Enron, who designed energy trade and the wall street financiers like G.S who gave us the subprime mortgage crisis. Their job is to develop brand new markets. They stake their claims and then when everyone and their grandmother wants in, they make off with huge amounts of money as the market becomes a giant bubble and bursts. Well, their latest bubble just burst, and now they have a new idea for a market trading carbon pollution. They are about to develop a new three trillion dollar bubble. But when this one bursts, it won't just take down our stock portfolios, it could take down everything. So how does cap and trade work? Well, pretty much all serious scientists agree that we need to reduce the amount of carbon in atmosphere to 350 parts per million, if we want to avoid climate disaster. In the US, that means reducing our machines by 80%, maybe even more by 2050. 80%!  Now the problem is that most of our global economy runs on burning fossil fuels, which releases carbon. The factories that make our stuff, the ships and trucks that carry it around the world. Our cars and buildings and appliances, just about everything. So how are we gonna reduce carbon 80% and not go back to living like little house on the prairie. Well, these cap and trade guys are saying that a new carbon stock market is the best way to get it down. The first step would be getting governments around the world to agree on a yearly limit on carbon emissions. That's cap, I think that part is great. So how do they want to insure that carbon emission stay under the cap. Well, governments will distribute certain amount of permits to pollute. Every year, there will be fewer and fewer permits as we fellow the cap to our goal.
Innovative companies will get on board building clean alternatives and getting more efficient. As permits get scarcer, they will also become available. So naturally, companies who have extra will want to sell them to companies who need them. That's where the trading comes in.
The logic is as long as we stay under the cap, it doesn't matter who pollutes and who innovates. We will meet our climate deadline, avoiding catastrophe. And oh yeah, these guys take their fee as they broker this multi trillion dollar carbon racket, I mean market.
Save the planet, get rich. What's not to like? Some of my friends who really care about our future support cap and trade. A lot of environmental groups said I respect do too. They know it's not a perfect solution and they don't love the idea of turning our planet's future over to these guys, but they think it's an important first step. And it's better than nothing. I'm not so sure and I'm not the only one!

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
普特听力大课堂
Homework

I am so glad that the world is finally getting together to stop climate change. When I first heard our leaders are meeting together to talk about solutions, I breathed a huge size of relief, didn’t you? Then I said: “wait a minute. What exactly are they planning to do about this problem?” So I looked into it and I gotta tell you not all the solutions are working on it as what I called solutions. In fact, the leading solution, known as Cap & Trade or emission’s trading is actually a huge problem. I know this is the last thing you want to hear, but the future of our planet is at that stage, so we got to take time to understand what’s going on here.

Okay. Meet the guys at the heart of the so-called solution, they include the guys from Enron, who designed energy trading and the Wall Street financer, like Goldman Sachs who gave us the supreme mortgage prices. Their job is to develop brand new markets. They state their claims when everyone in their grandmother wants in, they make up huge amount of money as the market become a giant bubble and burst. While their latter bubble just burst and now they have a new idea from market, trading carbon pollution. They are about to develop a three trillions bubble. But when this one burst, it won’t just take our stock oil, it could take down everything.

So how does carbon trade work? Well, pretty all theory scientists agree we need to reduce the amount of carbon in the atmosphere to 350ppm if we want to avoid climate disaster. In the US, that means reducing our emission by 80%, maybe even more by 2050. 80%? Now the problem is that most of global economy runs on burning fossil fuels to increase emission of carbon, the factories that make all our stuff, the ships and trucks that carry us around the world, cars and buildings and plants and just about everything.

So how are we gonna reduce carbon 80% and not go back to live in a little house on a parry? Well, these carbon trade guys are saying new carbon stock market is the best way to get it done. The first step would be getting governments around the world who agree on a yearly living on carbon emissions. That’s the cap. I think that part is great. So how do they want to ensure that carbon stay under the cap? Well, government would distribute a certain amount of permit to pollute. Every year, there will be fewer and fewer permits as we saw the cap to our goal. Innovated companies will get on board, building clean alternatives and getting more efficient. As permits get scarcer, they would also become more valuable. So naturally companies who have extra want to sell them to companies who need them. That’s what the trading comes in. The logic is as long as we stay under the cap, it doesn’t matter who pollutes and who innovates. We’ll meet our emission deadline, avoiding catastrophe. And, oh yeah, these guys take fee as they broke their trillion carbon market and save the planet, get rich, what’s not to like, some of my friends who really care about the future carbon trade. A lot of environmental groups that I respect do too. They it’s not a perfect solution, they know it’s not a lovely idea to turn our planet as these guys. But they think it’s an important step and it’s better than nothing. I am not so sure. And I am not the only one.
1

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  • jessiyear

好栏目推荐之美国口语俚语
on bill2008

I am so glad that the world is finally getting together to stop climate change. When I first heard that our leaders were meeting to talk about solutions, I breathed a huge sigh of relief. Didn’t you? Then I said, wait a minute, what exactly are they planning to do about this problem? So I looked into it. And I / gotta tell you not all the solutions theyre working on are what I’d call solutions. In fact, the leading solution known as cap and trade or emissions trading is actually a huge problem.

Now, I know this is the last thing you wanna hear, but the future of our planet is at stake, so we gotta take
the time to understand what’s going on here. OK, meet the guys at the heart of this so-called solution. They include the guys from Enron who designed energy trading, and the Wall Street financiers like Goldman Sachs who gave us the subprime mortgage crisis. Their job is to develop brand new markets. They stake their claims and then when everyone and their grandmother wants in, they made / off with / huge amounts of money as the markets becomes a giant bubble and bursts. Well, their latest bubble just burst, and now they have a new idea for a market, trading carbon pollution. They’re about to develop a new three-trillion-dollar bubble, but when this one bursts, it won’t just take down our stock portfolios, it could take down everything.

 

So how does cap and trade work? Well, pretty much all serious scientists agree that we need to reduce the amount of carbon in the atmosphere to 350 parts per million if we want to avoid climate disaster. In the US, that means reducing our emissions by 80%, maybe even more by 2050. 80%! Now the problem is that most of our global economy runs on burning fossil fuels which releases carbon: the factories that make all our staffs, the ships and / trucks that carry it around the world, our cars and buildings and appliances, just about everything. So how are we gonna reduce carbon 80% and not go back to live in like / little house on the Prairie? Well, these cap and trade guys are saying that a new carbon stock market is the best way to get it done.

The first step would be getting governments around the world to agree on a yearly limit on carbon emissions
. That is the cap. I think that part is great. So how do they wanna ensure that / carbon emission stay under the cap? Well, governments would distribute a certain amount of permits to pollute. Every year there would be fewer and fewer permits as we follow the cap to our goal. Innovative companies will get on board, building clean alternatives and getting more efficient. As permits get scarcer /, they will also become more valuable, so naturally companies who have extra will want to sell them to companies who need them. That’s where the trading comes in.

The logic is that as long as we stay under the cap, it doesn’t matter who po
llutes / and who innovates. We’ll meet our climate deadline, avoiding catastrophe. And oh yeah, these guys take the fee as they broker this multi-trillion carbon racket, I mean market.

Save the planet, get rich,
what’s not to like? Some of my friends / really care about our future support cap and trade. A lot of environmental groups that I respect do too. They know it’s not a perfect solution, and they don’t love the idea of turning our planet’s future over to these guys, but they think that it’s an important first step and that it’s better than nothing. Im not so sure, and Im not the only one.




[Homework]【整理】2011-05-29&06-04 “总量管制和交易”的故事 (1/3)

A growing movement of scientists, students, farmers and forward thinking business people are all saying wait a minute. In fact, even the economists who invented the cap and trade system to deal with the simpler problems like fertilizer pollution and sulfur dioxide. They say cap and trade will never work for climate change. Here's why I think they're right. When it comes to any kindly financial scam like subprime mortgages or B.M's pyramid scheme. The devil is always in the details, and there're a lot of devils in details of the cap and trade proposals on the table. Devil No.1 is known as free permits. which is why some people call this system cap and give way. In this scheme, industrial polluters will get the vast majority of these valuable permits for free. Free, the more they've been polluting, the more they'll get. It's like we're thanking them for creating this problem in the first place. In Europe, they tried cap and give way system, the prices of permits bounced around like crazy, energy costs jumped for consumers and guess what?  Carbon emissions actually went up. The only part that did work was that the polluters made billions of dollars in extra profits. MIT economists say the same thing would likely happen here in the US. Those billions come from our pockets. A real solution would put that money to work stopping climate change. Instead of just giving permits away to polluters, we could see them and use the money to build a clean energy economy, or give citizens a dividend to help pay for higher fuel prices while we transition to that clean energy economy, or share with those most harmed by climate change, some people call this paying our ecological debt.
Since we are in the richest countries released most carbon for centuries, and lived a pretty comfy lifestyle in the process. Don't we have a responsibility to help those most harmed. It' like we had a big party, didn't invite our neighbors and then suck them with the clean up bill. It's just not cool. Did know that in the next century because of the changing climate, whole island nations could end up underwater, and UN says 9/10 African farmers could lose their ability to grow food. That wouldn't a real solution benefit these people instead of just the polluters.
Devil No.2 is called offsetting. Offset permits are created when a company supposedly removes or reduces carbon. They then get a permit which can be sold to a polluter who wants permission to emit more carbon. In theory, one activity offsets the other. The danger with offsets is it's very hard to guarantee that real carbon is being removed to create the permit. Yet these permits are worth real money. This creates a very dangerous incentive to create false offsets, to cheat. Now in some cases cheating isn't the end of the world, but in this case, it is. And already there's a lot of cheating going on. Like Indonesian,  S.M corporation cut down indigenous forests, causing major ecological and culture destruction. Then they took the wasteland they created and planted palm oil trees, guess what they can get for it. Yep, offset permits. Carbon out? No. Carbon in? You bet.
Companies can even earn offsets for not doing anything at all. Like operators of a polluting factory can claim there were planing to expand 200%, but reduce the plans to expand only 100%. For that meaning as claim, they get offset permits, permits that they can sell to someone else to make more pollution. That's so stupid. The list of scams go on and on, and many of the worst ones happen in the so-called third world where big business does whatever it wants, to whomever it wants. And with lax standards and regulations on the offsets that they can get permits for just about anything.   


This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!

[Homework]【整理】2011-05-29&06-04 “总量管制和交易”的故事 (1/3)

A growing movement of scientists, students, farmers, far-thinking-businesspeople are all saying: wait a minute. In fact, even the economists who invented the carbon transition system to deal with the simpler promblems like fertilizer pollution and soft dioxide, they say carbontary will never work for climate change. Here’s why they think they are right.
When it comes to any kind of finacial scam, like sub-prime-mortgages that are burning out our       ,  are always the details and there are a lot  of details of the carbontary    on the table.   
Number 1 is noticed as the FREE PERMITS, which is why some people call this system “CAP GIVIENAWAY”. In this game, industrial polluters will get vast majorities with these valuable permits for free. FREE! The more they’ve been polluting, the more they get. It’s like we are thanking them for creating this problem in the first place. In Europe, they try to   a give-away system,  the price of permits          crazy, energy cost got consumers and guess what, carbon commissions    actually went up. The only product it did work was that polluters made billions of dollars and extra profits. An MIT economist say, the same thing would likely happen here in the US. Those billions come from our pockets. A real solution would put that money into stopping climate change. Instead of just giving permits to the polluters, we could sell them and use the money to build a clean energy economy, or give citizens dividend to help pay higher fuel prices when we transition to that clean  energy economy .We share with most of the harms caused by climate change. Some people call this “ pay our ecological debt ”. Since we are richest county release the most carbon for centuries, and live the pretty comfortable lifestyle in the process. Don’t we have a responsibility to help those most charms? It’s like we had a big party, didn’t invite our neighbor, and instead asked them to clean up our bill. It’s just not cool. Did you know that at the next century, because of the changing climate, whole islandnations could end up under water. And the UN says 9 out of 10 farmers could loss their ability to grow food. Then why the real solutions won’t benefit these people instead of just the polluters?   
Number 2 is called OFFSETTING. Offset permits are created when a company supposedly removes or reduces carbon. They then get a permit which they could be sold to polluter who wants permits to make more carbon. In theory, one activity offsets the other. The danger with the offset is that it’s very hard to guarantee the real carbon is being removed to create the permit. Yet these permits are worth real money. This creates a very dangerous incentive to create false offsets: to cheat. There are some cases cheating exiting in the world. But in this case, it is. And already there’s a lot of cheating going on. Like in Indonesia,   Mass Corporation cut down the original forests, causing major ecological and cultural destruction. Then they took the waste land they created and plant    trees. Guess what they can get from it. Yep, offset permits. Carbon out? No. Carbon in? You bet. Companies can even earn  offsets for not doing anything at all. Like operators who have polluting factories claim they are planning to spend 200%, but reduce the plants to spend only 100%, for that meaning they claim they get outside permits. Permits they can sell to someone else to get more pollution. It   so stupid. The lists of scams go on and on. And many of the worst ones happen in the so-called “third world”, where big business does everyone wants who never wants. And with last standers with regulations in the offsets, didn’t give permits for just about anything.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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