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[文化博览] 【整理】2011-08-19 虚拟革命 免费的代价 The Cost of Free —9

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[文化博览] 【整理】2011-08-19 虚拟革命 免费的代价 The Cost of Free —9

 

 

虚拟革命 免费的代价  | The Virtual Revolution


    一个沉默的故事,一场无声的革命。影响了地球上的每个人。网络发明后,20多年过去了。我们一起探讨网络带来的深远影响——无论好坏,数字革命是如何改变了人类的生活呢?记者兼大学教师Aleks Krotoski博士走访全球,研究网络改变一切的意义,包括我们如何学习、购物、投票、交友等等。目前全球有四分之一的人上网,一起探讨当世界剩下的四分之三的人将要上网时,我们的网络又为他们准备了什么呢?互联网是免费的,但是有代价的!本期节目就google为例,为你揭示天下没有免费的午餐。而类似亚马逊网站的推荐引擎,可以建立用户数据库,那么,个人隐私是否受侵害呢?

  

   20多年前,英国人蒂姆·博纳斯李发明了互联网。“只是因为我自己需要”他对BBC说。从那时起世界不再是以前的世界。这20年在世界历史上转瞬即逝,但全球互联网却在这20年间高速发展。网络改变了全世界的社会组织形式。社会上越来越多的部门,以爆炸性的速度并通过各种形式与网络联系在一起。

 

In the third programme of the series, Aleks gives the lowdown on how, for better and for worse, commerce has colonised the web - and reveals how web users are paying for what appear to be 'free' sites and services in hidden ways. Joined by some of the most influential business leaders of today's web, including Jeff Bezos (CEO of Amazon), Eric Schmidt (CEO of Google), Chad Hurley (CEO of YouTube), Bill Gates, Martha Lane Fox and Reed Hastings (CEO of Netflix), Aleks traces how business, with varying degrees of success, has attempted to make money on the web. She tells the inside story of the gold rush years of the dotcom bubble and reveals how retailers such as Amazon learned the lessons. She also charts how, out of the ashes, Google forged the business model that has come to dominate today's web, offering a plethora of highly attractive, overtly free web services, including search, maps and video, that are in fact funded through a sophisticated and highly lucrative advertising system which trades on what we users look for. Aleks explores how web advertising is evolving further to become more targeted and relevant to individual consumers. Recommendation engines, pioneered by retailers such as Amazon, are also breaking down the barriers between commerce and consumer by marketing future purchases to us based on our previous choices. On the surface, the web appears to have brought about a revolution in convenience. But, as companies start to build up databases on our online habits and preferences, Aleks questions what this may mean for our notions of privacy and personal space in the 21st century.

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kinglimk在 整理的参考文本:
The great irony istoday's market dominance is about as far away from where Google started out as it's possible to imagine. To understand why Google's become so rich and influential, we need to go back to a more idealistic period in the company's history. Like the web itself, Google began as an academic dream. Stanford Universityin Californiahas a reputation for academic excellence, but its alumni have a track record of converting research into money.

You don't go to Stanford and not know that there is avery high probability that when you get to the end of graduate school, you are gonna start a company or you might never get to the end of school because you are going to start a company.

Back in 1996, Larry Page and Sergey Brin were PhD student investigating how they can sort the good pages on the web from the dross. The web then consisted of about 10 million pages, compared to the tens of billions today. But it was expanding rapidly, so it was already impossible for humans to visit and rate each website. Page and Brin developed a way for computers to automatically do the job. I went to meet their mentor Professor Terry Winograd to find out more about their breakthrough.

They realized that every time a person puts a link on their own web page to some other page, they are in a sense voting, they are in a sense saying that's interesting enough for me to put a link there. And therefore, if they could add up all of those votes from everybody who built web pages, they would get a result which was going to be a very closeapproximation to what really is interesting to the general public.

Page and Brin devised an algorithm to calculate links between pages on the web. And it gave an independent mathematical value of how interesting a page was, based on the number of links to it and whether those incoming links were from pages that were themselves interesting. Page and Brinthen realized what had begun as academic project could actually be used to solve one of the biggest challenges on the web, how to find what are you looking for.


QYB在 整理的生词:
track record: the performance history of somebody

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Homework
     The great irony is, today's market dominance is about as far away from where google started out as it’s possible to imagine. To understand why googles become so rich and influential, we need to go back to a more idealistic period in the company's history.  
       Like the web itself, google began as a academic dream. Stanford Univery in California has a reputation of academic excellence, but its alumni have a track record of converting research into money. You go to Stanford and not know that there is a very high probability that when you get to the end of graduate school you are going to start a company, or you might never get to the end of the graduate school because you are going to start a company.
       Back in 1996 Larry Page and Sergey Brin were Ph.D students investigating how they could sort the good pages on the web from the draws. The web that consisted about 10 million pages, compared to the tens of billions today. But it was expending rapidly. So it was already impossible for humans to visit and rate each website. Page and Brin developed a way for computers to automatically do the job. I went to visit their mentor, professor // , to find out more about their breakthrough.
        They realized that everytime a person puts a link on their own web page to some other page. They are innocence voting. Their innocence is saying there is something interesting enough for me to put it there.
        Therefore if they could add up all the votes from everybody who built web pages, they will get a result which was going to be a very close approximation to what is really interesting to the general public. Page and Brinn device // to calculate links of pages on the web, and it given independent mathematical value of how interesting a page was, based on the numbers of links to it, and whether those incoming links were from pages that were themselves interested in. P and B realize that what has begun as an academic project could actually be used to solve the biggest challenge on the web---- how to find what you are looking for.
1

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  • kinglimk

立即获取| 免费注册领取外教体验课一节
The great irony is today's market dominance is about as far away from where Google started out as it's possible to imagine. To understand why Google's become so rich and influential, we need to go back to a more idealistic period in the company's history. Like the web itself, Google began as an academic dream. Stanford University in California has a reputation for academic excellence, but its alumni have a track record of converting research into money.

You don't go to Stanford and not know that there is a very high probability that when you get to the end of graduate school, you are gonna start a company or you might never get to the end of school because you are going to start a company.

Back in 1996, Larry Page and Sergey Brin were PhD student investigating how they can sort the good pages on the web from the dross. The web then consisted of about 10 million pages, compared to the tens of billions today. But it was expanding rapidly, so it was already impossible for humans to visit and rate each website. Page and Brin developed a way for computers to automatically do the job. I went to meet their mentor Professor Terry Winograd to find out more about their breakthrough.

They realized that every time a person puts a link on their own webpage to some other page, they are in a sense voting, they are in a sense saying that's interesting enough for me to put a link there. And therefore, if they could add up all of those votes from everybody who built webpages, they would get a result which was going to be a very close approximation to what really is interesting to the general public.

Page and Brin devised an algorithm to calculate links between pages on the web. And it gave an independent mathematical value of how interesting a page was, based on the number of links to it and whether those incoming links were from pages that were themselves interesting. Page and Brin then realized what had begun as academic project could actually be used to solve one of the biggest challenges on the web, how to find what are you looking for.
1

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  • kinglimk

智乱天下 武逆乾坤
实现无障碍英语沟通

[Homework]2011-08-19 虚拟革命 免费的代价 The Cost of Free —9

Homework
The great /.Today is / is about a / way for our google started out as it possible to image.To understand why google become so rich and adventure,we need to back to more ideas listening / in the company history.Like the web itself,google began as a acdemic tree.Standed for university in California has a reputation for acdemic /,but / have attact / reaserch into money.You go to stand for no,not.There is very high point bulit that when you get to gratuate from school you would going to start a company and you never get an end to school because you start a company.Back in 1996,/ were PHD students invesgating how they could / good page on the web from the /.The web they can / about ten million pages parper to the ten billions today.But they would expending /.So all the impossibe for human to visit is webset./ developed way for computer to / do the job.I went to meet their mental professer / to find out more about their breakthough.They realized that every time a person put a link of own page to some other page.They are innocence.You / that enough to put a link of there.And therefor they could add up all the / from everybody who build web pages.They would get a result which we choose to going to be close / to what is really interesting to the/./ devide / to calculate links between pages on the web.At / view of how interesting the page was,based numbers links to it and what it those income links or from pages themselves interesting./ began realized what it began as an acdemic project can actually be used to solve what is the biggest changle on the web how to find what you looking for.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
1

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  • kinglimk

口译专员推荐—>口译训练软件IPTAM口译通
本帖最后由 PIE314 于 2011-8-19 11:48 编辑

The great irony is today's market dominance is about as far away from where Google started out as it's possible to imagine. To understand why Google's become so rich and influential, we need to go back to a more idealistic period in the company's history. Like the Web itself, Google began as an academic dream. Stanford University in California has a reputation for academic excellence, but its alumni have a track record of converting research into money.

"You don't go to Stanford and not know that there's a very high probability that when you get to the end of graduate school you're gonna start a company, or you might never get to the end of school because you're gonna start a company."

Back in 1996, Larry Page and Sergey Brin were PhD students, investigating how they could sort good pages on the Web from the draft. The Web then consisted about ten million pages, compared to the tens of billions today, but it was expanding rapidly. So it was already impossible for humans to visit and rank each website. Page and Brin developed a
way for computers to automatically do the job. I went to meet their mentor Professor Terry Winograd to find out more about their breakthrough.

"They realised that everytime a person put a link on their own webpage to some other page, they are in a sense of voting, in a sense of saying that's interesting enough for me to put a link there. And therefore, they could add up all of those votes. From everybody who built webpages, they will get result which is going to be a very close approximation to what is really interesting to the general public."

Page and Brin devised an algorithm to calculate links between pages on the Web, and it gave an independent mathematical value of how interesting a page was based on the number of links to it and whether those incoming links were from pages that were themselves interesting. Page and Brin realised what would've begun as an academic project could actually be used to solve one of the biggest challenges on the Web -- How to find what you're looking for.
1

评分次数

  • kinglimk

Homework
The great irony is today's market dominance is about as far away from where google started out as it's possible to imagine. To understand why google has become so rich and influential, we need to go back to a more idealistic period in the company's history. Like the web itself, google began as an academic dream. Stanford University in California has a reputation for academic excellence, but its alumni have a track record of converting research into money.
"You don't go to Stanford and not know that there's a very high probability that when you get to the end of graduate school you are going to start a company or you might never get to the end of graduate school because you are gonna start a company."
Back in 1996, Larry Page and Sergey Brin were PHD students investigating how they could sort the good pages on the web from the dross. The web then consisted of about 10 million pages compared to the tens of billions today. But it was expanding rapidly. So it was already impossible for humans to visit and rank each website. Page and Brin developed a way for computers to automatically do the job. I went to meet their mentor, Professor Terry Winigred to find out more about their breakthrough.
"They realized that every time a person puts a link on their own webpage to some other page, they are in a sense voting. They are in a sense saying that's interesting enough for me to put a link there. And therefore, they could add up all of those votes from everybody who built webpages. They would get a result which is going to be a very close approximation to what really is interesting to the general public."
Page and Brin devised an algorithm to calculate links between pages on the web. And it gave an independent mathematical value of how interesting a page was based on the number of links to it and whether those incoming links or from pages that were themselves interesting. Page and Brin realized that what had begun as an academic project could actually be used to solve one of the biggest challenges on the web, how to find what you are looking for.
1

评分次数

[Homework]2011-08-19 虚拟革命 免费的代价 The Cost of Free —9

The Great Irony, today's market dumenant, is as far away from where Google satrted out, as it's possible to imagine.
To understand why Google's become so rich and influential, we need to go back to a more ideallistic period of the company's histry.
Like the web itself, Google began as an academic dream. Stanford in C has a reputation in academic excellence, but it's a * have attract record of comverting research into money.
You will go to Stanford and i know that there is a very high pobability that when you get to the end of graduate school you will want to start a company,or you might never get to the end of graduate school because you are gonna start a company.
Back in 1996, Larry Page and Sergin Brain for Phd students investigating hoe they could sourcr a good page on the web from the dross. The web then consisted of about 10 million pages , compared to the tens of biilions today. But it was expanding rapidly. So it was already impossible for human to read each website. Page and Brain foud a way for computer to automatically do the job. I went to meeet their mentor, Pro. Taryy Wennigrad to find out more about their breakthroughs.
They realsed that every time a person puts a link on their own page to some other page, they are innocent voting, thay are innocent saying that's intereting enough for me to link here and thereforethay could add up all those votes from everybody who build web pages they would get a result which was going to be a very close proximation to waht really is interesting to the general public.
Page in Brain device a o*m to calculate links between pages and web and each gave an indepedent mathematic vlaue of how intereting a page was based on the number of links to it. And * of those incoming links were from pages * themselves. Intereting.
Page and Brain realized what they'd begun as an academic projet could actually be used to solve one of the biggest challenges on the web: how tho find what you sre looking for.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
1

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  • kinglimk

实现无障碍英语沟通
HW
The great ironies today's market dominants is about as far away from what Google started out as it is possible to imagine. To understand why Google's become so rich and influential, we need to go back to a more idealistic period in the company's history.

Like the web itself, Google began as an academic dream. Stanford University in California has a reputation for academic excellence, but its alumni have a track record of converting research into money.

You go to Stanford and not know that there is a very high probability that when you get to the end of graduate school, you are going to start a company or you might never get to the end of graduate school because you are going to start a company.

Back in 1996, Larry Page and Sergey Brin were Ph.D students, investigating how they could sort the good pages on the web from the draws. The web then consisted of about 10 million pages, compare to the tens of billions today. But it was expanding rapidly. So it was already impossible for humans to visit and rate each website.

Page and Brin developed a way for computers to automatically do the job. I went to meet their mentor, professor Terry Winograd, to find out more about their breakthrough.

They realized that everytime a person puts a link on their own webpage to some other page, they are in a sense voting, they are in a sense saying that's interesting enough for me to put a link there. And therefore, they could add up all of those votes from everybody who built webpages. They would get a result which was going to be a very close approximation to what really is interesting to the general public.

Page and Brin devised an algorithm to calculate links between pages on the web. And it gave an independent mathematical value of how interesting a page was, based on the number of links to it, and whether those incoming links or from pages that were themselves interesting.

Page and Brin realized that what'd begun as an academical project could actually be used to solve one of the biggest challenges on the web: how to find what you are looking for.
1

评分次数

  • kinglimk

普特听力大课堂
HW

The great irony, today’s market dominance is about as far away from where Google started out as it possible to imagine. To understand why Google become so rich and influential, we need to go back to a more idealistic period in the company’s history.

Like the web itself, Google began as an academic dream. Standford University in California, has a reputation in academic excellence, but its alumni have a track record of converting research into money.

You don’t go to Standford and not know that there is a very high probability that when you get into the end of graduate school, you are wanna start a company, or you might never get into the graduate school because you’re going to start a company.

Back in 1996 Larry Page and Sergey Brin were PH.D students investigating how they could sort the good pages on the web from the dross. The web then consisted about ten million pages compared with tens of billions today, but it was expending rapidly. So it’s already impossible for human to read each website. Page and Brin developed a way for computers to automatically do the job. I went to meet their mentor, Professor Terry Winigrand, find out more about their breakthrough.

They realized that every time a person puts a link on their own webpage to some other page, they are innocence voting. Their innocence is saying that page is interesting enough for me to put a link there, and therefore if they could add up all of those votes from everybody who built web pages, they will get a result which is going to be a very close approximation to what really is interesting to the general public.

Page and Brin devised an algorithm to calculate links between pages on the web, and it gave an independent mathematic value of how interesting a page was based on the number of links to it and whether incoming links were from pages that were themselves interesting. Page and Brin recoganized what they begun as an academic project could actually be used to solve one of the biggest challenges on the web -- how to find what you are looking for.
1

评分次数

好栏目推荐之美国口语俚语
on 整理:
The great irony is today'smarket dominance is about as far away from where Google started out as it'spossible to imagine. To understand why Google's become so rich and influential,we need to go back to a more idealistic period in the company's history. Likethe web itself, Google began as an academic dream. Stanford University inCaliforniahas a reputation for academic excellence, but its alumni have a trackrecord of converting research into money.

Youdon't go to Stanford and not know that there is a very high probability thatwhen you get to the end of graduate school, you are gonna start a company oryou might never get to the end of graduate school because you are going to start acompany.

Backin 1996, Larry Page and Sergey Brin were PhD student investigating how they cansort the good pages on the web from the dross. The web then consisted of about10 million pages, compared to the tens of billions today. But it was expandingrapidly, so it was already impossible for humans to visit and rate eachwebsite. Page and Brin developed a way for computers to automatically do thejob. I went to meet their mentor Professor Terry Winograd to find out moreabout their breakthrough.

Theyrealized that every time a person puts a link on their own web page to someother page, they are in a sense voting, they are in a sense saying that'sinteresting enough for me to put a link there. And therefore, if they could addup all of those votes from everybody who built web pages, they would get aresult which was going to be a very close approximation to what really isinteresting to the general public.

Pageand Brin devised an algorithm to calculate links between pages on the web. Andit gave an independent mathematical value of how interesting a page was, basedon the number of links to it and whether those incoming links were from pagesthat were themselves interesting. Page and Brinthen realized what had begun asacademic project could actually be used to solve one of the biggest challengeson the web, how to find what are you looking for.

[Homework]【整理】2011-08-19 虚拟革命 免费的代价 The Cost of Free —9

The great irony, today's market dominant is about as far away from where Google started out as it possible to imagine. To understand why Google became so rich and influential we need to back to a more idealistic period in the company's history. Like the web itself, Google began it an academic dream. Stanford University in California has a reputation for academic excellence, but its alumni have a track record of converting research into money.You don't go to Stanford and not know that there is very high probability that when you get to the end of graduate school you will want to start a company or you might never get to the end of the graduate school because you are going to start a company.
Back in 1996 Larry Page and Sergey Brain were PhD students investigating how they could source a good page on the web from the draws. The web then consisted about 10 million pages compare to tens of billions today. It was expanding rapidly. So it was already impossible for human to visit and rate each website. Page and Brain developed a way for computers to automatically do the job. I went meet their mentor professor Terry W to find out more about their breakthrough.
They realized that every time a person puts a link on their own web page to some other page they are innocence voting, the innocence saying that's interesting enough for me to put it in there. And there forth they could add up all of those votes from everybody who built web pages. They will get result which is going to be a very close approximation to what really is interesting to the general public. Page and Brain devise an algorithm to calculate links between pages on the web. And it gave an independent mathematical value of how interesting a page was based on the number of links to it and whether those incoming links were from pages that weren't themselves. Interesting. Page and Brain realized that what have begun as an academic project could actually be used to solve one of those biggest challenges on the web -- How to find, and what you are looking for?

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
Homework
The great irony of today’s market dominance is about far away from where Google started out as is possible to imagine. To understand why Google was become so rich and influential, we need to go back to a more idealist period in the company’s history.
Like the web itself, Google began as an academic dream. Stanford University in California has reputation for academic excellence but its alumni have a track record of converting research into money.
You go to Stanford and not know that there’s very high probability that when you get to the end of graduate school. You are going to start a company, or you might never get to the end of graduate school because you are going to start a company.
Back in 1996, Larry Page and Sergey Brin were PhD students in investigating how they sought the good pages on the web from the drowsy. The web then constitutes about 10 million pages compare to the tens of billions today. But it was expanding rapidly. So it was already impossible for human to visit and read each website. Page and Brin developed a way for computers to automatically do the job. I went to meet their mentor professor Terry Winogrod to find out more about their breakthrough.
They realized every time a person puts a link on their own webpage to some other pages. They are innocence voting, they are innocence saying that’s interesting enough for me to put a link there. Therefore they could add up all those votes for everybody who builds web pages, they could get result which was going to be their close approximation to what really interesting to the general public.
Pages bring device algorithm to calculate links between pages on the web. And it given independent mathematical value of how interesting a page was based on the number of links to it and whether those incoming links were from pages what were themselves interesting. Page and Brin realized it would begun an academic project could actually be used to solve one of the biggest challenge on the web how to find what you are looking for.
每天半小时 轻松提高英语口语
The great irony istoday's market dominance is about as far away from where Google started out as it's possible to imagine. To understand why Google's become so rich and influential, we need to go back to a more idealistic period in the company's history. Like the web itself, Google began as an academic dream. Stanford Universityin Californiahas a reputation for academic excellence, but its alumni have a track record of converting research into money.

You don't go to Stanford and not know that there is a very high probability that when you get to the end of graduate school, you are gonna start a company or you might never get to the end of school because you are going to start a company.

Back in 1996, Larry Page and Sergey Brin were PhD student investigating how they can sort the good pages on the web from the dross. The web then consisted of about 10 million pages, compared to the tens of billions today. But it was expanding rapidly, so it was already impossible for humans to visit and rate each website. Page and Brin developed a way for computers to automatically do the job. I went to meet their mentor Professor Terry Winograd to find out more about their breakthrough.

They realized that every time a person puts a link on their own web page to some other page, they are in a sense voting, they are in a sense saying that's interesting enough for me to put a link there. And therefore, if they could add up all of those votes from everybody who built web pages, they would get a result which was going to be a very close approximation to what really is interesting to the general public.

Page and Brin devised an algorithm to calculate links between pages on the web. And it gave an independent mathematical value of how interesting a page was, based on the number of links to it and whether those incoming links were from pages that were themselves interesting. Page and Brinthen realized what had begun as academic project could actually be used to solve one of the biggest challenges on the web, how to find what are you looking for.

[Homework]【整理】2011-08-19 虚拟革命 免费的代价 The Cost of Free —9

The great irony, today's macket dominance is about far away from work Google start out as possible to imagine. To understand why Googles become so rich and influential, we need go back to more idealist period in the company's history.
Like the web itself, Google began as a academic dream. Stanford Unversity in California has a reputation of academic excellence. But in a long night, has attracted records and converting reserach into money.
You don't go to Stanford, and now you know there are very high probability when you get to the end of graduate school, you are gonna start a company or you might never get into undergraduate school because you are gonna start the company.
Back in 1996,  Larry Page and Sergey Brin were Phd students, invested how to get sources of good pages on the web from the dross. The web then consisted about ten million pages, compare to the tons of billions today. But it was expanding rapidly. It was already impossible for human to visit a rank each website, pages and brain developed the way of computers to automaticaly do the job. I went to meet their mentor, Professor Terry Winegrad, to find out more about their breakthrough.
They realize the everytime person put a link on their own page to some other pages. They are in a sence voting, they are in a sence saying that is interesting enough for me to put a link there. And therefore they could add up all of those votes in everybody who built webpages, they will get results which is going to the very close approximation to what is really interesting to the generall public.
Page and Brin's devise algorism to calculate links between pages on the web, it gave an independent mathmatic value of how interseting the page was. Base on the number of links to it, and whether those are incoming links or from the pages that wasn't themselves interesting. Page and Brin realized what began at the academic project could actually be used to solve one of the biggest challenges on the web, how to find what your looking for.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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[Homework]【整理】2011-08-19 虚拟革命 免费的代价 The Cost of Free —9

The great irony is today's market dominance is about as far away from google's started out as is possible to imagine, to understand why google has become so rich and influencial, we need go back to a more idealistic period in the company's  history ,like the web itself , google began as an  academic dream , stanford universty  in california has a reputation for academic exellence , but its alumni have a track  record of converting research into money.
you don't go to the  stanford and not  know that there is a very high probability  that when you get to the end of the  graduate school you're gonna start a company, or you might never get to the end of the graduate school because you are gonna start a company
Back in 1996, Larry Page and Bryan, two PHD students investigating how they get ____ the good pages on the web from the draws,the web then consist about 10 million pages compare to the 10s of billions today , but it was expanding rapidly, so it was already impossible for humans to visit and read each website, Page and Bryan develop a way for computers to automatically do the job.
I went to meet their mentor ,professor Tarry W, to find out more about their breakthrough.
They realized that every time a person puts a link on their own webpage to some other page, their inner sense voting ,their inner sense saying that's interesting enough for me to put a link there, and therefore they could add up all of those votes from every body who build webpages, they would get a result which is going to be a very close approximation to which is real intetesting to the general public
Page and Bryan devise an algorithm(算法) to calculate the links between pages on the web, as it give an independent mathmethical value of how interesting a page was, based on the number of the links to it, and whether those incoming links or from the pages that of themselves interesting.
P and B realize that what began as an academic project could actrually be used to solve one of the biggest challanges in the web, how to find what you're looking for.










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