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[豆知识] 【整理】2012-02-26&03-03 五分钟了解化石燃料300年简史 (1/2)

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[豆知识] 【整理】2012-02-26&03-03 五分钟了解化石燃料300年简史 (1/2)

本帖最后由 jessiyear 于 2012-2-27 10:26 编辑

Bits-of-Knowledge-2011-02-26&03-03

 

300 Years of Fossil Fuels in 300 Seconds


Fossil fuels have powered human growth and ingenuity for centuries. Now that we're reaching the end of cheap and abundant oil and coal supplies, we're in for an exciting ride. While there's a real risk that we'll fall off a cliff, there's still time to control our transition to a post-carbon future. In this episode of BOK, you'll find a deeper analysis of the crises we face, and possible solutions we can work on right now.










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jessiyear在 整理的参考文本:
It all started with a big bang. Wait, we don't have to go back that far. The earth was formed 4.5 billion years ago. No, still too far. Try this. It's the middle ages. People in Britain run out of firewood and start burning coal. But they use up the coal on the ground. Miners dig deep. Coal mines fill with water. Samuel Newcomen invents a coal burning steam engine to pump out water so miners can keep digging. James Watt makes it practical for other uses. Now we have ingredients for the industrial revolution: fossil fuels and a way to put them to work. All hell breaks loose. Coal miners bog down lugging coal. Rails make it easier. Rails and steam engine combined make a railroad. Michael Faraday makes the first electrical motor. Nicolas Tesla invests alternating current. Soon utility companies start burning coal to generate electricity. Meanwhile, Edwin Drake drills the first rock oil well in Pennsylvania. And Carl Daimler builds an automobile running on petroleum. Coal, tar and oil are turned into industrial chemicals and pharmaceuticals that prolong life, more population growth. The Wright brothers start oil-fuelled aviation. Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch make fertilizer from fossil fuels. Fertilizer and oil-powered tractors expand food production, feeding more people.



World War I is the first fossil fueled conflict. Then comes World War II giving us guided missiles and atom bombs. In between is a great depression partly caused by overproduction. Powered assembly lines make products faster than people need them. Advertising executives invent consumerism to soak up overproduction. It’s the 1950s. Advertisers use televisions to hook new generations of consumers.



In the 70s, there is an oil shock. Everyone’s shocked to realize how dependent they are on oil. With the energy crisis, the environmental movement is born. But oil price fall and everyone forgets energy shortages. There is a showdown between market and planned economies. Market wins. Goodbye evil Soviet empire. Politicians decide the market will solve everything. Personal computers arrive. Globalization takes over when the market notices labor is cheaper in China. Suddenly, everyone has a cell phone, but world oil production stalls out.



China’s now burning half the world's coals to make export products. But where will China get more coal and oil to fuel more growth? Environmental problems everywhere. Rising CO2 levels lead to record heat waves, floods, draughts. Oceans acidify. Topsoil erodes by 25 billion tons a year from industrial agriculture. Ancient forests disappear. Species go extinct at a thousand times normal rates. Freshwater is scarce or polluted. Oil companies drill in miles of sea water because the easy oil is gone, but a deep water oil platform explodes and fouls the Gulf of Mexico.



Manufacturing moves to polluting countries where labor’s cheap while the US becomes a casino. The financial sector is 40% of the economy. But Wall Street is overleveraged. Banks fail. Unemployment soars. Credits evaporates. The economy is on the verge of collapse!

普特在线文本比较普特在线听音查字普特在线拼写检查普特文本转音频



It all started with a big bang...
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HOMEWORK
     it all started with the big bang.the earth was formed 4.5 billion years ago.still too far.try this.it's the middle-ages,people in Britain run out of firewods start burning coal.but use up coal on ground,miner dig deep,coal mine was full of water.Samun **invested coal burning stream engine to pump out water,so miners can keep digging.Jame  make practical for other uses. now we have ingredients for industry revolution:fossile fuel and the way to put them to work.all have ****.coal miner broght down luggage car make it easier.rails and stream engine combine to make a railroad.micle **next first make a electrial motor.nicol** invest altrenating current.so **company start burning coal to generate electricity.meanwhile,anderson wil  drill the first rack oil well in Pennsovania.Corren Bill built a aotomobile running on petroleum. coal tar and oil turned into industry chemistry and prolong life and more population growth.Wright brother start oil fuel vitiation.**Hobes made fertilizers  from fossile fules.fertilizer and oil power truct expend food production feeding more people.World war I is the first fossile fule conflict.then comes the WWII give these guy missile and atombomb.great depression partly caused by overproduction.power line made products than people need them.advertising excutive consumism to sell overproduction.it's 1950s,advertisers use televisions to hook new generation as consumers.in the 70s,there was oil shock.everyone shock to realize how dependent they are on oil. with energy crisis,enviromental movement has borned.but oil price fallen ,everyone forget energy shortage.there is showdone between market and planned econemies.market wins.goodbye evil soviet empire.Politicians said the market will slove everything.personal computers arrive,globalization takes over the market notices.labors cheap in China.Suddenly,everyone have a cell phone,but world oil storage is out.China is now burning half of the world's coals to make export products.but we are try again  more coal and oil to feel more gowth.enviromental problem is everywhere.rasing co2 levels lead to heat weather.flees ,draws and oceans centify tap soil 25 billion tons a year from industry culture.each forest disappear,species go extict a thousand time normal rate .fresh water scares polluted.oil company thill miles of the sea water because the easy oil was gone.but deep oil water plant flee to mexico.manufactores move to polluting country where  labors cheap .while the us becomes casino the financial sectors 50% of the economy.Wall street overliveraged.banks fail.unemplorment soru.credits evaporate.economy is on verge of colllapse.
1

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  • jessiyear

实现无障碍英语沟通

[Homework]2012-02-26&03-03 五分钟了解化石燃料300年简史 (1/2)

It all started with a big bang.Wait,we don't have to go that far.The earth was formed 4.5 billion years ago...eh,nah, still too far. Try this.It's the middle-ages, people in Britain run out of firewoods start burning coal.But they use up the coal on the ground. Miners dig deep,coal mines filled of water.Samuel Newcoming invents a coal-burning steam engine to pump out water so miners can keep digging. Jame Watt makes it practical for other uses. Now we have ingredients for the Industry Revolution: fossile fuels and a way to put them to work.All hells breaks lose. Coal miners ball down logging coal. Rails make it easier. Rail and steam engine combined to make a railroad. Michael Faraday make the first electrial motor.nicolas Tesler invest alteranating current.Son utility company start burning coal to generate electricity.meanwhile,Edwin Drake drills the first rock oil well in Pennsylvania.And Corren Bill builts a automobile running on petroleum. coal tar and oil are turned into industry chemistry and pharmaceuticals that prolong life and more population growth.The Wright brothers start oil fuel aviation.**Hobes made fertilizers  from fossile fuels.fertilizer and oil power tractors expand food production, feeding more people.World war I is the first fossile fuel conflict.then comes the WWII giving us guided missiles and atom bombs.In between is a great depression partly caused by overproduction.power dissenbly lines made products faster than people need them.advertising excutives invent consumerism to soak up overproduction.it's 1950s,advertisers use televisions to hook new generations of consumers.in the 70s,there was an oil shock.everyone shocked to realize how dependent they are on oil. with the energy crisis,the enviromental movement is borned.but oil price fall and everyone forgets energy shortages.there is showdown between market and planned economies.market wins.goodbye evil Soviet empire.Politicians decide the market will slove everything.personal computers arrive,globalization takes over the market notices.labors cheaper in China.Suddenly,everyone have a cell phone,but world oil production stalls out.China is now burning half of the world's coals to make export products.but where would China get more coal and oil to fuel more growth? enviromental problem is everywhere.rising co2 levels lead to record heat waves. floods,draughts and oceans solidify, top soil erodes by 25 billion tons a year from industrial culture.Ancient forest disappear,species go extict at a thousand time normal rates.fresh water scares are polluted.oil company's drilling miles of the seawater because the easy oil was gone.but a deep water oil platform explodes and fouls the Gulf of Mexico.Manufactoring moves to polluting country where  labors cheap .while the us becomes casino the financial sectors 40% of the economy.But Wall Street is over-leveraged.banks fail.unemplorment soars.credits evaporates. The economy is on verge of colllapse.
This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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[Homework]2012-02-26&03-03 五分钟了解化石燃料300年简史 (1/2)

Homework
It all strarted with a big bang. We should go and ask for. The earth was formed 4.5 billion years ago. It still too far. Try this, it is the middle ages. People in Britain run out fire wood strike burning coal, but use up the coal in the ground. Miners dig deep coal mines filled with water.

Samuel new comment invents coal burning steam engine to pump out water so miners can keep digging. Jim Watts makes pratical for other uses. Now we have ingredient for the industrial revolution. Fossil fuels and a way to put them to work. All help breaks lose. Coal miners brought down larging coal real make it easier. Rails and stream engine combine to make a real road. Michael fired next first electrimotor. Nicolas Terslos invents alternating current. XX company starts burning coal to generate electricity. Meanwhile XX drill the first rock oil well in pensivinia. XX built an automobil runing on petromeum.

Coal tar oil turned into industrial chemicals in pharmaceuticals that prolong life more population growth. The right brothers start oil fuel XX. XX make fertilizer from fossil fuels, fertilizers and oil power trucks expand food production feeding more people. World war one is first fossil fuel conflicts, then comes world war two give these guided missile and X bombs.

In between the great depression, partly car by over production, power december lines make products faster than people need them. Advertising executive consumium to XX over production. It is the 1950s, advertisers use television to hold new generation consumers. In the 70s, there is oil short. Everyone shorts to realize how dependent they are on oil with the energy crisis the environmental movement is bored. But oil prices fall, everyone forget the energy shortages. It shown down between market and planned economy market. Market wins.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
It all strarted with a big bang.....
HW

It all started with a big bang.Wait,we don't have to go that far.The earth was formed 4.5 billion years ago,eh,no, still too far. Try this.It's the middle-ages, people in Britain run out of firewoods start burning coal.But they use up the coal on the ground. Miners dig deep,coal mines filled with water.Samuel Newcomen invents a coal-burning steam engine to pump out water so miners can keep digging. James Watt makes it practical for other uses. Now we have ingredients for the Industrial Revolution: fossile fuels and a way to put them to work.All hell breaks lose. Coal miners bug down logging coal. Rails make it easier. Rail and steam engine combined to make a railroad. Michael Faraday makes the first electrial motor.Nicolas Tesler invests alteranating current.So utility company start burning coal to generate electricity.Meanwhile,Edwin Drake drills the first rock oil well in Pennsylvania.And Corren D Bill builts a automobile running on petroleum.Coal tar and oil are turned into industrial chemicals and pharmaceuticals that prolong life and more population growth.The Wright brothers start oil fuel aviation.F C O made fertilizers  from fossile fuels.Fertilizer and oil power tractors expand food production, feeding more people.

World war I is the first fossile fuel conflict,then comes the world war II giving us guided missiles and atom bombs.In between is a great depression partly caused by overproduction.Power dissembly lines made products faster than people need them.

Advertising excutives invent consumerism to soak up overproduction.It's 1950s,advertisers use television to hook new generations of consumers.In the 70s,there was an oil shock.Everyone shocked to realize how dependent they are on oil. With the energy crisis,the enviromental movement is borned.But oil price fall and everyone forgets energy shortages.There is showdown between market and planned economies,market wins,goodbye evil Soviet empire.Politicians decide the market will slove everything.

Personal computers arrive,globalization takes over when the market notices labors cheaper in China.Suddenly,everyone have a cell phone,but world oil production stalls out.China is now burning half  the world's coals to make export products.But where would China get more coal and oil to fuel more growth? Enviromental problem is everywhere,rising CO2 levels lead to record heat waves, floods,draughts and oceans solidify, top soil erodes by 25 billion tons a year from industrial agriculture.Ancient forest disappear,species go extict at a thousand time normal rates.Fresh water scares are polluted,oil company's drilling miles of the seawater because the easy oil was gone.But a deep water oil platform explodes and fouls the Gulf of Mexico.Manufactoring moves to polluting country where  labors cheap .While the US becomes casino the financial sectors 40% of the economy.But Wall Street is over-leveraged,banks fail,unemployment soars,credits evaporates. The economy is on verge of collapse.
实现无障碍英语沟通
on daisy0729
It all started with a big bang. Waitwe don't have to go that far. The earth was formed 4.5 billion years ago...eh,no, still too far. Try this.It's the middle-ages, people in Britain run out of firewood start burning coal. But they use up the coal on the ground. Miners dig deep, coal mines fill with water. Samuel Newcome invents a coal-burning steam engine to pump out water so miners can keep digging. James Watt makes it practical for other uses.
Now we have ingredients for the Industrial Revolution: fossil fuels and a way to put them to work. All hell breaks loose(大乱起来). Coal miners bog down lugging coal. Rails make it easier. Rail and steam engine combined to make a railroad. Michael Faraday makes the first electrical motor. Nicolas Tesler invests alternating current. Soon utility company start burning coal to generate electricitymeanwhile, Edwin Drake drills the first rock oil well in Pennsylvania. And
Carl Daimler builds an automobile running on petroleum. Coal tar and oil are turned into industry chemicals and pharmaceuticals that prolong life and more population growth. The Wright brothers start oil-fuelled aviation.
Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch made fertilizer from fossil fuels. fertilizer and oil powered tractors expand food production, feeding more people.
World war I is the first fossil fuel conflict. Then comes the WWII giving us guided missiles and atom bombs. In between is a great depression partly caused by overproduction. Powered assembly lines made products faster than people need them. Advertising executives invent consumerism to soak up overproduction. It’s the 1950s, advertisers use televisions to hook new generations of consumers.
In the 70s, there was an oil shock. Everyone shocked to realize how dependent they are on oil. With the energy crisis, the environmental movement is born. But oil price fall and everyone forgets energy shortages. There is showdown between market and planned economies. Market wins. Goodbye evil Soviet empire. Politicians decide the market will solve everything. Personal computers arrive, globalization takes over when the market notices. Labor is cheaper in China. Suddenly, everyone have a cell phone, but world oil production stalls out.
China is now burning half of the world's coals to make export products. But where would China get more coal and oil to fuel more growth? Environmental problem is everywhere. Rising co2 levels lead to record heat waves. floods, draughts. Oceans acidify. Top soil erodes by 25 billion tons a year from industrial agriculture. Ancient forests disappear, species go extincted at a thousand time normal rates. Fresh water’s scarce or polluted. Oil company's drill in miles of the seawater because the easy oil was gone. But a deep water oil platform explodes and fouls the Gulf of Mexico.
Manufacturing moves to polluting country where labor’s cheap while the US becomes a casino. The financial sectors is 40% of the economy. But Wall Street is over-leveraged. Banks fail. Unemployment soars. Credits evaporates. The economy is on verge of collapse.
.
1

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  • jessiyear

普特听力大课堂

[Homework]2012-02-26&03-03 五分钟了解化石燃料300年简史 (1/2)

It all stared with a big bang.The earth was formed 4.5 billion years ago.It is the Middle ages,people in Britain ran out the fire * start burning cold.But they use up the coal on the ground,manners dig deep * fill with water.** invents cold burning engine to pup out water so manners can keep digging.** for other uses.Now we have increading on Industrial Revolution.*** way to put them into work coal manners make it easier and engine combined make a real road.** next first motor.** invents .So new company start burning cold to city. Meanwhile ** first.industrial life more population grows.The food production feeding more people.World war one was the first conflect.Comes world war two and atom bombs.In between of the great depretion partly power by over production fast people need them.** over production.It's 1950s * use television to new genaration.In 70s oil short, everyone short to realize how depend they are how depend their on oil.With the energy environmental was born.But oil price was fell,everyone forgot energy shrtages.* by .politition decide remarkable resolve everything.Personal computer arrived.Globalization takes over cheaper in China.Suddenly everone has a phone but oil production*.China is now burning half the world's coal to make export products.But while China get more coal and oil to fill more grows,environmental problem everywhere.Oceans disappeal...

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
好栏目推荐之美国口语俚语

[Homework]2012-02-26&03-03 五分钟了解化石燃料300年简史 (1/2)

OK. Present time. It’s amazing how far we've come in 200 years, just three human lifetimes, from the beginning of industrialism till now. But where are we headed? We can't keep doubling human population. We can't keep dumping carbon in the atmosphere. We can't keep ruining topsoil. We can't keep growing population and consumption, or basing our economy on depleting fossil fuels. We can't just print more money to solve the debt crisis. It’s been a exhilarating ride, but there are limits. Now it's not the end of the world, but we have to do four things fast: learn to live without fossil fuels, the death to the end of economic growth as we've known it, support 7 billion humans and stabilize population at a sustainable level and deal with our legacy of environmental destruction, ensure we have to live within nature's budget of renewable recourses at rates of natural replenishment. Can we do it? We have no choice.Alternative energy resources are important but none can fully replace fossile fuels in the time we have. Also we've designed and built our infrastructure for transport electricity and farming to seal oil coal and gas.Changing to different energy sources will require us to redesign city's manufacturing processes,healthcare and more. We also have to rethink some of our cultural values. None of our global problems can be tackled in isolation and many can not be fully solved.We have to prepare for business as unusual.Our best goal is resilience, the ability to absorb shocks and keep going. If we do nothing,we still get to a post-carbon future,but it will be bleak. However.if we plan the transition, we can have a world that supports robust communities of healthy creative people and ecosystems with millions of other species.One way or the other, we are in for the righ of a lifetime.Understand the issues and pitch in: it's all hands on deck.
This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!

[Homework]2012-02-26&03-03 五分钟了解化石燃料300年简史 (1/2)

It all started with a big bang.We don't have to go that far.The earth was formed 4.5 billion years ago. Try this. It's the middle-ages, people in Britain run out of firewood started burning the coal, but they use up the coal on the ground. Miners dip deep, coal mines fill with water.````invents a coal-burning machine to pump out water so minners can keep digging. James Watt makes pracfical for other uses. Now we have the ingredient for the industrial revolution、 fossil fuel.And Watt put them into work. All help breakthroughs. Coal miners bought down rails make it easiler.Rails and steam engine combined make a railroad. ```makes the first electric motor.````invents alternating current.So new ```company started burning coal to generate electricity. Meanwhile, ```drill the first raw oil well in ````. And ```built another mobil running on ````. Coal tar and oil turned to industrial chemicals and pharmaceuticals that prolong lives and more population growth. The ``` brothers started oil fuel deviation.``` and ``` made fertilizers from fossil fuels.fertilizers and oil-powered tractors expand food production, feeding more people. world war 1 is the first fossil fuel comflict. then comes world war 2, giving us guided missiles and atom bombs.in between is a great depression partly caused by oil production. powered assembly lines made products faster than people need them.advertising executives invent consumerist to soak up over-production. it was 1950s, advertisers use television to hook new generations of consumers. in the 70s, there's an oil shock. everyone shocked to realize how dependent they are on oil. with the energy crisis, the enviromental movement is born. but oil price is falling, everyone forgets energy shortages. there's a showdown between market and planned economy, market wins. good bye, evil soviet empire. politicians decide the market'll solve every thing.personal computers arrive. globolization takes over the whole mareket notices.labor is cheaper in China. suddenly, everyone has a cell phone. but world oil production  stalls out. china is now burning half of the world's to make export products. but where'll china get more coal and oil to fuel more growth? environmental problem is everywhere. rising co2 levels lead to direct heat-waves/floods/droughts/ocean's ````. top soil's eroded by 25 billion tons a year from industrial agriculture. ancient forests disappear. species go extincted at a thousand normal rates. flesh water scares polluted. oil company is drilling miles of seawater because the easy oil is gone. but the deep oil platform explodes and fouls the gulf of mexico. manufacturing moves to polluting countries whose labor is cheap. while the us becomes the casino of the finacial sectors 40% of the economy.
This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
Homework
It all strarted with a big bang. We should go and ask for. The earth was formed 4.5 billion years ago. It still too far. Try this, it is the middle ages. People in Britain run out fire wood strike burning coal, but use up the coal in the ground. Miners dig deep coal mines filled with water.

Samuel new comment invents coal burning steam engine to pump out water so miners can keep digging. Jim Watts makes pratical for other uses. Now we have ingredient for the industrial revolution. Fossil fuels and a way to put them to work. All help breaks lose. Coal miners brought down larging coal real make it easier. Rails and stream engine combine to make a real road. Michael fired next first electrimotor. Nicolas Terslos invents alternating current. XX company starts burning coal to generate electricity. Meanwhile XX drill the first rock oil well in pensivinia. XX built an automobil runing on petromeum.

Coal tar oil turned into industrial chemicals in pharmaceuticals that prolong life more population growth. The right brothers start oil fuel XX. XX make fertilizer from fossil fuels, fertilizers and oil power trucks expand food production feeding more people. World war one is first fossil fuel conflicts, then comes world war two give these guided missile and X bombs.

In between the great depression, partly car by over production, power december lines make products faster than people need them. Advertising executive consumium to XX over production. It is the 1950s, advertisers use television to hold new generation consumers. In the 70s, there is oil short. Everyone shorts to realize how dependent they are on oil with the energy crisis the environmental movement is bored. But oil prices fall, everyone forget the energy shortages. It shown down between market and planned economy market. Market wins.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the ori
每天半小时 轻松提高英语口语

[Homework]2012-02-26&03-03 五分钟了解化石燃料300年简史 (1/2)

HW       It all started with a big bang .  wait ,we dont have to go that far .The earth was formed 4.5 billion years ago .uhm ,it s still to far .try ,theres .It s the middle ages ,people in Britain ran out of firewood start burning coal .But they use up the coal on the ground ,miners dig deep ,coal mines fill with water .Samuel *** invents the coal-burning steam machine to pump out water so miners can keep digging .
        **** makes it practical for other uses ,now we have ingredients for the industrial revolution ,fossil fuels and a way to put them to work .all help break lose .Coal miners bug down logging coals ,wheels make it easier .Wheels and steam engine combine to make a railroad .*** first electric motor ,*** invents ** current ,Sony utility company start burning coal to generate electricity .Meanwhile ,*** drills the first Irac oil well in Pencilvinia and *** builts an automobile running on *** .
       Coal *** and oil are turned into industrial chemicals and farms *** that prolong life ,more population growth .The Right brothers start  oil fuel deviation .** and *** make fertilizer form fossile fuels .Fertilizer and oil power tractor expand food production feeding more people .
       World War One is the first fossil fuel conflict then comes World War Two giving us guided missiles and atom bombs .In between this Great Depression, partly caused by over production ,power to *** make products faster than people need them .Advertising executives invent consumerism to soak up overproduction ,it s 1950s.Advertizers use televison to hook new generations of consumers .In the 70s ,there s an oil shock ,everyone shocked to realize how independent they are on oil .
       With the energy crisis ,the environmental movement is born .But oil prices fall ,everyone forgets energy shortages .There s a showdown between market and planned ecomomies ,market wins .Goodbye evil ** empire .Politicians to sigh the market will solve everything .Personal computers arrive .Globlization takes over when the market notices labour is cheaper in China . Suddenly everyone has a cell phone ,but world oil production stalls out .China s now burning half the world s coal  to make export products ,but  we try to get more coal and oil to fuel more gross .
     Environmental problems everywhere ,rising co2 levels lead to recurred heatwaves ,floods ,droughts ,oceans *** .Top soil erosed by 25 billions tons a year from industrial agriculture .Ancient forrests dissapear ,species go extinct at a thousand normal rates .Fresh water scarecely polluted ,oil company is drilling miles of  sea water because the easy oil is gone .but a deep water oil plate forms explosives  *** thousand from Mexico .Manufactory moves to polluting contries where labour is cheap ,while the U.S becomes a casino ,the financial sector is 40% of the economy .But Wall Street is over leverage ,they expell .unemloyment soars ,credict evaporates , the economy is on the verge of collapse .

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!

[Homework]2012-02-26&03-03 五分钟了解化石燃料300年简史 (1/2)

on tgbyhbb
It all started with a big bang. Waitwe don't have to go that far. The earth was formed 4.5 billion years ago...eh,no, still too far. Try this.It's the middle-ages, people in Britain run out of firewood start burning coal. But they use up the coal on the ground. Miners dig deep, coal mines fill withwater. Samuel Newcome invents a coal-burning steam engine to pump out water so miners can keep digging. James Watt makes it practical for other uses.
Now we have ingredients for the Industrial Revolution: fossil fuels and a way to put them to work. All hell breaks loose(大乱起来). Coal miners bog down lugging coal. Rails make it easier. Rails and steam engine combined to make a railroad. Michael Faraday makes the first electrical motor. Nicolas Tesler invests alternating current. Soon utility company start burning coal to generate electricitymeanwhile, Edwin Drake drills the first rock oil well in Pennsylvania. And
Carl Daimler builds an automobile running on petroleum. Coal tar and oil are turned into industrychemicals and pharmaceuticals that prolong life / more population growth. The Wright brothers start oil-fuelled aviation.
Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch made fertilizer from fossil fuels. fertilizer and oil powered tractors expand food production, feeding more people.
World war I is the first fossil fueled conflict. Then comes the WWII giving us guided missiles and atom bombs. In between is a great depression partly caused by overproduction. Powered assembly lines made products faster than people need them. Advertising executives invent consumerism to soak up overproduction. It’s the 1950s, advertisers use televisions to hook new generations of consumers.
In the 70s, there is an oil shock. Everyone shocked to realize how dependent they are on oil. With the energy crisis, the environmental movement is born. But oil price fall and everyone forgets energy shortages. There is showdown between market and planned economies. Market wins. Goodbye evil Soviet empire. Politicians decide the market will solve everything. Personal computers arrive, globalization takes over when the market notices. Labor is cheaper in China. Suddenly, everyone have a cell phone, but world oil production stalls out.
China is now burning half / the world's coals to make export products. But where would China get more coal and oil to fuel more growth? Environmental problem is everywhere. Rising co2 levels lead to record heat waves. floods, draughts. Oceans acidify. Top soil erodes by 25 billion tons a year from industrial agriculture. Ancient forests disappear, species go extincted at a thousand time normal rates. Fresh water’s scarce or polluted. Oil company's drill in miles of the seawater because the easy oil was gone. But a deep water oil platform explodes and fouls the Gulf of Mexico.
Manufacturing moves to polluting country where labor’s cheap while the US becomes a casino. The financial sectors is 40% of the economy. But Wall Street is over-leveraged. Banks fail. Unemployment soars. Credits evaporates. The economy is on the verge of collapse.
                                                   
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[Homework]2012-02-26&03-03 五分钟了解化石燃料300年简史 (1/2)

本帖最后由 pennyyan 于 2012-4-4 13:48 编辑

[ct][fly]Ok, present time.It's amazing how far we've coming 200 years , just three humanlife times from the beginning of industrialism till now.

But where are heading ? We can't keep doubling human population , we can't dumping carbon in the atmosphere, we can't keep ruling top soil , we can't keep growing populaion and consumption are basing on our economy on the pleading fossil fuels.We can't just put more money to solve the debt crisis.It's been an accelerating rise , but there are limits.

Now it's not the end of the world.

But we have to do four things fast.  Learn to live without fossil fuels , the debt to the end of economic growth as we know it ,supports seven billion humans and stablized population at a sustainable level and deal with our legacy of our environmental destruction.

In short, we have to live within nature's budget of renewable resources at rates of natural repunishment.Can we do it, we have no choice. Alaternative energy sources is important , but none can fully replace fossil fuels at the time we have.

Also , we've designed and built our infrastructure for transport electricity , and farming, to oil , coal and gas. Changing the different energy sources where we require to redesign the cities, manufacturing processes , health care and more. We also have to breath some of our cutural values. None of our global problems can be tackled in isolation and many can not be fully solved.

We have to prepare for business as unusual , our best goal is resilience, the ability to absorb shocks and keep going.  If we do nothing , we still get to a post-carbon future , but it will be belick. However, if we plan the transition we can have a world that supports our robust communities of health creative people and ecosystems with millions of other species.

One way or the other , we are in for the right of a lifetime understand the issues and pic. It's all hands on deck.
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