* 本帖最后由 qingchengshan 于 2012-3-13 14:04 编辑 *
阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦** **** | **Albert Einstein
阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦美籍德国犹太裔，理论物理学家，世界十大杰出物理学家之一，现代物理学的开创者、集大成者和奠基人，相对论的创立者，同时也是一位著名的思想家和哲学家。爱因斯坦1900年毕业于苏黎世联邦理工学院，入瑞士国籍。1905年获苏黎世大学哲学博士学位。曾在伯尔尼专利局任职，在苏黎世工业大学、布拉格德意志担任大学教授。1913年返德国，任柏林威廉皇帝物理研究所所长和柏林洪堡大学教授，并当选为普鲁士科学院院士,1921年获诺贝尔物理学奖，1933年因受纳粹政权迫害，迁居美国，任普林斯顿高级研究所教授，从事理论物理研究，1940年入美国国籍。1999年被美国《时代周刊》评选为“世纪伟人”。
In 1914, a team of American and German scientists set up camp on the shores of Russia's Black Sea. Their goal: to conduct an experiment involving one of nature's most spectacular phenomena -- a total eclipse of the sun. The results had the potential to explode 200 years of scientific conjecture, change forever the way scientists view the universe and launch the career of the most brilliant star in the scientific firmament -- Albert Einstein.
Albert Einstein`s revolutionary theory that turned the world upside down might have been dismissed but for a math mistake, a cloudy sky, and the start of World War I. This fascinating two-hour special tells the story of Einstein`s little-known, 15-year struggle to prove one of his most radical theories a theory that upended Newton and three centuries of scientific thought and called into question the definitions of space and light and gravity the game-changing concept known as the Theory of General Relativity. Today, more than a century since the Miracle Year in which he published many of his breakthrough papers, Einstein`s ideas remain a living, vibrant influence.
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由shihongmei2828在 整理的参考文本：
Some people wonder how did Einstein think. How do we physicists think? Mostly it is when we are quiet, all by ourselves. We stare out the window, and have blocks of equations just wondering in our head until these equations fit together, and then we get a sheet of paper and scribble.
It can be very frustrating at times, scribbling equations everywhere. The old cliche of scribbling on the back of the envelope often is true because that's sometimes all you've around.
He was always thinking in pictures, visualizing things. When he father gave him a compass, he would just sit up night after night, watching the needle point northward. It would send chills down his spine.
Einstein once said: I want to know God's thoughts, in a mathematical way. Einstein wanted an equation, perhaps no more than one inch long, that would encapsulate all physical laws: the beauty, the majesty, the power of the universe into a single equation. That was his life's goal.
In 1900, Albert Einstein is an 21-year-old undergraduate at the Swiss Federal Polytechnic. That this young man will one day be synonymous with genius was something none of his professors would have predicted.
He would cut class. The professors thought he was a goof-off. As a consequence, Einstein couldn't get a single job after graduation. He even thought about switching fields and selling insurance. Can you imagine opening the door one day and there's Albert Einstein, selling you life insurance? What a waste! Einstein thought he was such a loser, he wrote a letter to his family saying that it would be better if perhaps he was never born. Nobody was talking about the young Albert Einstein. |