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[文化博览] 【整理】2012-03-19 阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦 Einstein—3

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[文化博览] 【整理】2012-03-19 阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦 Einstein—3

 

 

 

阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦  |  Albert Einstein



    阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦美籍德国犹太裔,理论物理学家,世界十大杰出物理学家之一,现代物理学的开创者、集大成者和奠基人,相对论的创立者,同时也是一位著名的思想家和哲学家。爱因斯坦1900年毕业于苏黎世联邦理工学院,入瑞士国籍。1905年获苏黎世大学哲学博士学位。曾在伯尔尼专利局任职,在苏黎世工业大学、布拉格德意志担任大学教授。1913年返德国,任柏林威廉皇帝物理研究所所长和柏林洪堡大学教授,并当选为普鲁士科学院院士,1921年获诺贝尔物理学奖,1933年因受纳粹政权迫害,迁居美国,任普林斯顿高级研究所教授,从事理论物理研究,1940年入美国国籍。1999年被美国《时代周刊》评选为“世纪伟人”。

     In 1914, a team of American and German scientists set up camp on the shores of Russia's Black Sea. Their goal: to conduct an experiment involving one of nature's most spectacular phenomena -- a total eclipse of the sun. The results had the potential to explode 200 years of scientific conjecture, change forever the way scientists view the universe and launch the career of the most brilliant star in the scientific firmament -- Albert Einstein.

  Albert Einstein`s revolutionary theory that turned the world upside down might have been dismissed but for a math mistake, a cloudy sky, and the start of World War I. This fascinating two-hour special tells the story of Einstein`s little-known, 15-year struggle to prove one of his most radical theories   a theory that upended Newton and three centuries of scientific thought and called into question the definitions of space and light and gravity  the game-changing concept known as the Theory of General Relativity. Today, more than a century since the  Miracle Year in which he published many of his breakthrough papers, Einstein`s ideas remain a living, vibrant influence.

 

 

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shihongmei2828在 整理的参考文本:
People didn't believe atoms in those days but he proved that atoms can actually make small little dust particles move in a liquid. And he calculated the size of atoms.

These papers would have been a remarkable career for any physicist. But Einstein is far from finished.

He writes yet on another paper with the famous equation E=MC².

At the simplest level, this means energy can become matter and matter can become energy. The tiniest speck of matter holds potentially huge amount of energy. Unleashing it requires a nuclear reaction--the sort going on constantly in the night sky.

Ever since people began to look up in the heavens. They would say, what makes the star shine? But it took Albert Einstein to answer the question. Mass, M, turns into E, energy. That is the engine that lights up the stars.

Today, E=MC² is Einstein's most famous equation. But another theory he publishes the same year is more important and more controversial--special theory of relativity. When Einstein was a teenager, he enjoyed imagining what it would be like to ride a beam of light. Now he returns to this daydream and it changes his life.

In the Spring of 1905, Einstein was riding on a bus then he looked back at the famous clock tower that dominates Bern, Switzerland. And then he imagined, what happenes if that bus were racing near the speed of light?

In his imagination, Einstein looks back at the clock tower and what he sees is astonishing. As he reaches the speed of light, the hands of clock appear frozen in time.

Einstein would later write a storm broke in my mind. All of a sudden, everything, everything kept gushing forward.

Einstein knows that back at the clock tower, time is passing normally. But on Einstein's light-speed bus. As he reaches the speed of light, the light from the clock can no longer catch up to him. The faster he races through space, the slower he moves through time. This insight sparks the birth of Einstein's special theory of relativity which says that space and time are deeply connected. In fact, they are one in the same. A flexible fabric called space time.

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