阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦 | Albert Einstein
阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦美籍德国犹太裔，理论物理学家，世界十大杰出物理学家之一，现代物理学的开创者、集大成者和奠基人，相对论的创立者，同时也是一位著名的思想家和哲学家。爱因斯坦1900年毕业于苏黎世联邦理工学院，入瑞士国籍。1905年获苏黎世大学哲学博士学位。曾在伯尔尼专利局任职，在苏黎世工业大学、布拉格德意志担任大学教授。1913年返德国，任柏林威廉皇帝物理研究所所长和柏林洪堡大学教授，并当选为普鲁士科学院院士,1921年获诺贝尔物理学奖，1933年因受纳粹政权迫害，迁居美国，任普林斯顿高级研究所教授，从事理论物理研究，1940年入美国国籍。1999年被美国《时代周刊》评选为“世纪伟人”。
In 1914, a team of American and German scientists set up camp on the shores of Russia's Black Sea. Their goal: to conduct an experiment involving one of nature's most spectacular phenomena -- a total eclipse of the sun. The results had the potential to explode 200 years of scientific conjecture, change forever the way scientists view the universe and launch the career of the most brilliant star in the scientific firmament -- Albert Einstein.
Albert Einstein`s revolutionary theory that turned the world upside down might have been dismissed but for a math mistake, a cloudy sky, and the start of World War I. This fascinating two-hour special tells the story of Einstein`s little-known, 15-year struggle to prove one of his most radical theories a theory that upended Newton and three centuries of scientific thought and called into question the definitions of space and light and gravity the game-changing concept known as the Theory of General Relativity. Today, more than a century since the Miracle Year in which he published many of his breakthrough papers, Einstein`s ideas remain a living, vibrant influence.
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But Einstein wants to understand the real world and the real world doesn't work that way.
Einstein realized his theory failed for accelerations, but in our universe, everything accelerates, on a bumpy road, jet airplanes, on a subway car, everything is accelerating. So there was a defect in Special Relativity.
On Einstein's imaginary journey, if his speed varies at all, his theory, his notion of how objects behave in time and space falls apart.
His scientific mind wants it to apply to all cases.
Einstein knows that for his theory to work, it has to account for everything in the universe, and that includes the pervasive and invisible force that holds everything together.
Gravity. Gravity is everywhere. Gravity holds us to the floor. Gravity holds the sun together, the solar system together. Where was gravity in special relativity?
Einstein wants to expand his special theory of relativity into a general theory of relativity, a theory that will explain not just time but also gravity. He realizes he will be fighting more than two centuries of scientific thought and his hero--Sir Isaac Newton.
It's 1907 and the 28-year-old Albert Einstein is still a patent office bureaucrat. It has been two years since he published his special theory of relativity and the ambitious Einstein decides to advance an even more radical interpretation of the universe--a general theory of relativity. Doing this will require him to take on his scientific hero--Sir Isaac Newton.
In Einstein's time, Isaac Newton was God.
Newton was the founder of modern science. This is the actual first edition of Newton's Principia Mathematica of 1687. This priceless artifact, it's the very very famous book which became the foundation of universal physics for centuries until Einstein upset the apple cart.
It has been almost 250 years since the apple fell from the legendary tree on Isaac Newton's estate, giving Newton the inspiration to formulate his law of gravity.
Newton said that if an object falls, it's because there's a mysterious force called gravity, pulling... |