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[文化博览] 【整理】2012-05-02 阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦 Einstein—21

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[文化博览] 【整理】2012-05-02 阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦 Einstein—21

 

 

 

阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦  |  Albert Einstein



    阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦美籍德国犹太裔,理论物理学家,世界十大杰出物理学家之一,现代物理学的开创者、集大成者和奠基人,相对论的创立者,同时也是一位著名的思想家和哲学家。爱因斯坦1900年毕业于苏黎世联邦理工学院,入瑞士国籍。1905年获苏黎世大学哲学博士学位。曾在伯尔尼专利局任职,在苏黎世工业大学、布拉格德意志担任大学教授。1913年返德国,任柏林威廉皇帝物理研究所所长和柏林洪堡大学教授,并当选为普鲁士科学院院士,1921年获诺贝尔物理学奖,1933年因受纳粹政权迫害,迁居美国,任普林斯顿高级研究所教授,从事理论物理研究,1940年入美国国籍。1999年被美国《时代周刊》评选为“世纪伟人”。

     In 1914, a team of American and German scientists set up camp on the shores of Russia's Black Sea. Their goal: to conduct an experiment involving one of nature's most spectacular phenomena -- a total eclipse of the sun. The results had the potential to explode 200 years of scientific conjecture, change forever the way scientists view the universe and launch the career of the most brilliant star in the scientific firmament -- Albert Einstein.

  Albert Einstein`s revolutionary theory that turned the world upside down might have been dismissed but for a math mistake, a cloudy sky, and the start of World War I. This fascinating two-hour special tells the story of Einstein`s little-known, 15-year struggle to prove one of his most radical theories   a theory that upended Newton and three centuries of scientific thought and called into question the definitions of space and light and gravity  the game-changing concept known as the Theory of General Relativity. Today, more than a century since the  Miracle Year in which he published many of his breakthrough papers, Einstein`s ideas remain a living, vibrant influence.

 

 

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shihongmei2828在 整理的参考文本:
Einstein is to present his theory of General Relativity. The problem for Einstein is he hadn't finished it yet.

In the fall of 1915, Einstein was hardly thinking about anything else. He was completely focused on finding the solution to a puzzle that had occupied him for more than eight years.

Einstein is trying to come up with these equations that will describe how space is curved. He's working deep into the night.

If you look closely, it's really trial and error. You are not seeing a mathematician who just, you know, throw the ideas, you know, perfect formulas onto the paper of the notebook. He cancels everything and says nonsense, these terms disturb, so he's sort of talking to the math. Sometimes he turns the notebook around and he, you know, throws it away with disgust.

It can be real blow when an idea you've been working on doesn't work out, this gut-wrenching feeling.

Since discovering his math error, Einstein believes he's making real progress. His equations are nearly complete. He accepts an invitation to speak at Göttingen University, essentially, a dress rehearsal for the Prussian Academy. Einstein is up at the board writing his equations and trying to describe his problem. In the audience is one of the greatest mathematicians of all time--David Hilbert. Hilbert sits there and listens very carefully to Einstein. He thinks I can solve the problem. I can do it better than Einstein.

There is always this worry that you might get scooped. You become a little bit paranoid, or sometimes, a lot paranoid. There's always the feeling I have when I have a good idea which is that well, if I've had this good idea, that probably means that someone else is gonna have, or has had this good idea, too.

Einstein goes back to Berlin and Hilbert goes into his own office. And Hilbert sits there and thinks and tries to race Einstein to the big prize of General Relativity.

He was one of the greatest mathematicians of his time.

A controversy between the two giants, a giant of physics and a giant of mathematics.

Hilbert, the nasty guy here, who thinks he can beat Einstein, starts working.

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