阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦** **** | **Albert Einstein
阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦美籍德国犹太裔，理论物理学家，世界十大杰出物理学家之一，现代物理学的开创者、集大成者和奠基人，相对论的创立者，同时也是一位著名的思想家和哲学家。爱因斯坦1900年毕业于苏黎世联邦理工学院，入瑞士国籍。1905年获苏黎世大学哲学博士学位。曾在伯尔尼专利局任职，在苏黎世工业大学、布拉格德意志担任大学教授。1913年返德国，任柏林威廉皇帝物理研究所所长和柏林洪堡大学教授，并当选为普鲁士科学院院士,1921年获诺贝尔物理学奖，1933年因受纳粹政权迫害，迁居美国，任普林斯顿高级研究所教授，从事理论物理研究，1940年入美国国籍。1999年被美国《时代周刊》评选为“世纪伟人”。
In 1914, a team of American and German scientists set up camp on the shores of Russia's Black Sea. Their goal: to conduct an experiment involving one of nature's most spectacular phenomena -- a total eclipse of the sun. The results had the potential to explode 200 years of scientific conjecture, change forever the way scientists view the universe and launch the career of the most brilliant star in the scientific firmament -- Albert Einstein.
Albert Einstein`s revolutionary theory that turned the world upside down might have been dismissed but for a math mistake, a cloudy sky, and the start of World War I. This fascinating two-hour special tells the story of Einstein`s little-known, 15-year struggle to prove one of his most radical theories a theory that upended Newton and three centuries of scientific thought and called into question the definitions of space and light and gravity the game-changing concept known as the Theory of General Relativity. Today, more than a century since the Miracle Year in which he published many of his breakthrough papers, Einstein`s ideas remain a living, vibrant influence.
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由shihongmei2828在 整理的参考文本：
Hilbert thought that physics was much too important to be left to the physicists, so the mathematicians should take care of it.
Stakes are very high here.
All or nothing. To unlock the secret of light, to unlock the secret of gravity.
Nobody can ever say that Einstein is not a fantastic mathematician because at that moment the problem is distilled into pure mathematics.
Several times, Einstein thought he had it. When he submitted one of the versions to the Prussian Academy, he wrote his son in Switzland, you know, you will later understand this was a great day that changed history and your father was, you know, producing it. But it turned out again to be an erroneous version, he had to change it a week later once more. He had tried many alleys before and they turned out to be deadends.
How long do you wait developing this idea, writing the paper, working out all the consequences before publishing it?
Einstein had to be really afraid that Hilbert would actually take over the whole game and publish the final equations of General Relativity before him. All of a sudden, he discovered that several pointers all seemed to point to the same direction. Einstein remembered that he had given up a very radical solution that he had stumbled upon already in 1912 and that he had then discarded because it looks just physically too unfamilar, too unacceptable. But now, after he tried out all these other alternatives, he was ready to return exactly to that equation, back to an equation that he had early considered and then discarded three years before.
You realized that you've been wrong in a real flash of inspiration because you realized what you should be doing.
You know he had it all in his drawer.
And that's of course an glorious moment.
There it was, the equation that he had discarded. And now it was, look much more promising, much more useful than it had in the winter of 1912.
It isn't always a dark time when you realize that you are wrong, sometimes it's a wonderful time.
The excitement for Einstein comes with the realization that the answer for his new theory can be found in an old astronomical riddle.
Einstein began to look at a mystery that had puzzled astronomers for generations. According to Isaac Newton, the planet Mercury should be going around the sun like this. But it was known for quite a while that the orbit of Mercury deviates from Newton's laws of motion. It tilts a little bit. So the orbit instead of going like this begins to tilt and it begins to make a pattern like the petals of a flower. |