阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦** **** | **Albert Einstein
阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦美籍德国犹太裔，理论物理学家，世界十大杰出物理学家之一，现代物理学的开创者、集大成者和奠基人，相对论的创立者，同时也是一位著名的思想家和哲学家。爱因斯坦1900年毕业于苏黎世联邦理工学院，入瑞士国籍。1905年获苏黎世大学哲学博士学位。曾在伯尔尼专利局任职，在苏黎世工业大学、布拉格德意志担任大学教授。1913年返德国，任柏林威廉皇帝物理研究所所长和柏林洪堡大学教授，并当选为普鲁士科学院院士,1921年获诺贝尔物理学奖，1933年因受纳粹政权迫害，迁居美国，任普林斯顿高级研究所教授，从事理论物理研究，1940年入美国国籍。1999年被美国《时代周刊》评选为“世纪伟人”。
In 1914, a team of American and German scientists set up camp on the shores of Russia's Black Sea. Their goal: to conduct an experiment involving one of nature's most spectacular phenomena -- a total eclipse of the sun. The results had the potential to explode 200 years of scientific conjecture, change forever the way scientists view the universe and launch the career of the most brilliant star in the scientific firmament -- Albert Einstein.
Albert Einstein`s revolutionary theory that turned the world upside down might have been dismissed but for a math mistake, a cloudy sky, and the start of World War I. This fascinating two-hour special tells the story of Einstein`s little-known, 15-year struggle to prove one of his most radical theories a theory that upended Newton and three centuries of scientific thought and called into question the definitions of space and light and gravity the game-changing concept known as the Theory of General Relativity. Today, more than a century since the Miracle Year in which he published many of his breakthrough papers, Einstein`s ideas remain a living, vibrant influence.
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由shihongmei2828在 整理的参考文本：
Einstein realizes his thoughts on gravity might explain Mercury's orbit in ways that Newton's law could not.
Was Newton wrong? Einstein says maybe it's my theory of gravity. Is this simple enough to explain all these experimental data? He calculated painfully the orbit of Mercury and there was a near-perfect match. His equations on a notepad match the motion of heavenly bodies in outer space. He has heart palpitations and he suddenly realizes, oh my god, the theory is correct.
He was so filled with joy that he couldn't make his brain focus. And for Einstein, that's a big deal.
He finally gets the equations right just as David Hilbert does. There is a little bit of dispute who got the equations first.
There's a lot of rancor at that moment. Einstein gets so hurt.
Hilbert was very gracious. He says it's Einstein's theory, Einstein deserves the credit.
He is victorious.
The theory is Einstein's.
On November 25th 1915, a momentarily triumphant Albert Einstein holds in his hands what he believes is the final equation for the General Theory of Relativity, his theory of gravity, just in time for his presentation at the Prussian Academy.
He goes to the Academy and he speaks, not for very long, it's a short paper. With that, you have General Theory of Relativity which describes how space and time tell matter and engergy where to go, matter and energy tell space and time how to look. Utterly different view of what our universe is like.
Who knows how much applause he got, nobody does.
Everyone suddenly found themselves confronted with the idea that the strange German Jew had overthrown Newton's ideas of gravity. What exactly this meant now? No one was quite sure.
There's no physical proof of it.
No one understood Einstein.
Einstein believes he has finally got his theory right, but he knows that it won't be accepted until he can prove it. And he can't prove it without photographs of a total solar eclipse. For that, Einstein will have to wait again. |