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[文化博览] 【整理】2012-11-02 风情南西班牙 The Moorish South —6

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[文化博览] 【整理】2012-11-02 风情南西班牙 The Moorish South —6

 

 

 

BBC西班牙艺术-西班牙南区最风情  | BBC The Art of Spain  The Moorish South

 


     西班牙最风情的地方不在马德里、不在巴塞罗那,而是西班牙南部,充满阿拉伯风格的建筑和文化。摩尔人在艺术上的卓越,对空间的恐惧。还有16世纪对密集图案的喜爱。西班牙曾被阿拉伯占领长达800多年,在此之前,我甚至从没把西班牙和阿拉伯世界联系!

    身为评论家和艺术历史学家的Andrew Graham-Dixon自西班牙南部向北部进发,向大家展现了一个个关于欧洲最令人兴奋,至关重要的艺术故事。在发掘摩尔人的西班牙的同时,为了深入地了解穆斯林政治和文化的影响,从科尔多瓦到格拉纳达,看科尔多瓦古老的大清真寺,塞尔维亚的城堡以及格拉纳达的阿罕布拉宫。认识摩尔人引进很多新的食物--包括柑橘类的水果,咖啡还有香料--到西班牙的事。


  Critic and art historian Andrew Graham-Dixon travels from southern to northern Spain to tell the story of some of Europe’s most exciting and vital art. In an exploration of Moorish Spain, he looks at Muslim political and cultural influence as he travels from Cordoba to Granada, seeing classic buildings such as the Great Mosque in Cordoba, the Alcazar in Seville and the Alhambra in Granada. He also shows how the Moors introduced new foods – including citrus fruits, coffee and spices – to Spain.


   The films covers the period from the first tentative stirrings of Tchaikovsky's musical talent to the composition of his opera Eugene Onegin and the failure of his marriage to Antonina Milyukova.It looks at the women who fired his musical imagination in the early years, from Katerina Kabanova in his first orchestral work, The Storm, to his dearly loved Tatyana in Onegin.



 

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A Catholic cathedral. In the 16th century, long after the fall of the Moors, Cordoba's Christian rulers demolished the central columns of the mosque and erected this vast temple to Christianity.





A cathedral planted in the centre of a mosque. It's like a great parasite in its belly.





Even the great Catholic Emperor Charles V, who authorized the construction of the cathedral, realized he'd made a terrible mistake. When it was complete, he rounded on the architects, saying, you've taken something unique and turned it into something mundane.





Now, I think you can still appreciate the beauty of the mosque, but as an act of cultural vandalism, I've never seen anything like it. It's like a sort of dagger plunged into the heart of the mosque. It represents a really heavy-handed imposition of one set of religious values on another

and there's something quite ugly about that.





So much of the later story of Spain would be dominated by religious conflict. But during the Golden Age of Al Andalus, back in its 9th and 10th century heyday, the religious realities were quite different. The extraordinary fact is that here in Al Andalus, uniquely the three religions lived together in relative harmony.









Now, Islam regarded Jews and Christians as People of the Book whose holy writings were to be respected as forerunners of the Prophet Muhammad’s final revelation.





So the conquering Moors made no effort to convince the Christians and the Jews to convert and they even, as the Koran commanded, gave them freedom of worship.





For over 200 years the three religions rubbed along surprisingly well. Friendships and marriages flourished across the faiths.





And
many Christians and Jews held prominent positions in the Islamic state.

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[Homework]2012-11-02 风情南西班牙 The Moorish South —6

本帖最后由 wuyuanrenjia 于 2012-11-2 08:36 编辑

A catholic cathedral. In the 16 the century long after the fall of the Moors,Cordoba's Christine rulers demolished the center columns of  the mosque and racked this vast temple to Christianality.


A cathedral planted in the center of the mosque is like a great parasite in its belly.
Even the great Catholic emperor Charles V who authorized the construction of the cathedral realized he made a terrible mistake. When it is complete he rounded on his architects.Saying you have taken something unique, and turned it into something mundane now.


I think you can still appreciate the beauty of the mosque, but as a act of culutral vandalism. I never see anything like this, it likes a dagger plungs into the heart of the mosque. It represents really heavily handed imposition of one set of religion values on one another and there's something quite ugly about that,


So much of the later stories in spain have been dominated by religious conflict. But during the Gold Age of Al Andulus back its 9th to 10th century of heyday, the religious reality were quite different,


The extraordinary fact here of Andulus uniquely the three religion lived together in relatively harmony. Now Islam regard Jews and Christians People Of The Book, whose holy writing should be respected, as forerunners of the Prophet Muhammad's final revelation. So the conquering of Moor made no effort to convince the Jews and Christians to converse,and even as the Koran commanded gave them freedom of workship


For over two hundred years, the three religions rubbed along surprisingly well. Friendships, marriages flourished across the face, and many Christians and Jews have prominent positions in the Islamic state.
                                                   
This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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[Homework]2012-11-02 风情南西班牙 The Moorish South —6

A Catholic cathedral.In the 16th century long after the fall of the Moors,Codabus' Christian rulers demolished the central column of the Mosque and erected this vast temple to christianity.
A cathedral planted in the center of a mosque is like a great parasite in its belly.Even the great catholic emperor Charles the fifth who authorized the construction of the cathedral realized he made a terrible mistake when it was complete. He wronged on the architects,saying you had taken something unique and turned into something mundane. Now I think you can still appreciate the beauty of the mosque, but the act of cultural vandalism, I have never seen anything like it,it is like sort of a dagger plunged into the heart of the mosque. It represents a really heavy handed imposition of one set of religion values on another, and there is somehting quite ugly about that.
So much of the later story of Spain would be dominated by religious conflict, but during the golden age of Alandalus, back in its 9th and 10th heyday, the religious realities were quite different.
The extraordinary fact is that here in Alandalus uniquely the three religions lived together relatively in harmony.Now Islam regarded Jews and Christians were people of the book, whose holy writings were to be respected, as the forerunners of the prophet Muhammad's final revelation, so the conquerors made no more efforts to convince the Christians and Jews to convert and they even as the  Koran commanded gave them freedom to worship.
For over 200 years, the three religions rubbed along surprisingly well.Friendships, marriages florished across the phase, and many christians and jews held prominent positions in the Islamic state.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
1

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实现无障碍英语沟通
A Catholic Cathedral. In the 16th century, long after the fall of the Moors, Cordoba’s Christian rulers demolished the central columns of the mosque and erected this vast temple to Christianity.

A Cathedral planted in the center of a mosque. It’s like a great parasite in its belly.

“Even the great Catholic emperor Charles V authorized the construction of the cathedral realized he made a terrible mistake and when it was completed, he rounded on the architects. Saying you’ve taken something unique and turned it into something mundane. And I think that you can’t still appreciate the beauty of the mosque, but as an act of cultural vandalism, I’ve never seen anything like it. It’s like a sort of dagger plunged into the heart of the mosque. It represents a really heavy handed imposition of one set of religious values on another. And there’s something quite ugly about that.”

So much of the later stories of Spain would be dominated by religious conflict. But during the golden age of Al-Andalus back in its ninth and tenth century heyday, the religious realities were quite different.

The extraordinary fact is that here in Al-Andalus uniquely the three religions live together in relative harmony. Now Islam regarded Jews and Christians as peoples of the book, whose holy writings were to be respected as forerunners of the Prophet Mohamed’s final revolution. So the concrete Moors made no effort to convince the Christians and the Jews to convert and they even, as the Koran commanded, gave them freedom of worship.

For over 200 years, the three religions rubbed along surprisingly well. Friendships and marriages flourished across the faiths and many Christians and Jews held prominent positions in Islamic state.
1

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[Homework]2012-11-02 风情南西班牙 The Moorish South —6

A Catholic Cathedral. In the sixteenth century, long after the fall of the Moors, Cordoba's Christian rulers demolished the central columns of the Mosque, and erected this vast temple to Christianity. A cathedral planted in the centre of a mosque? It's like a great parasite in its belly.

Even the great Catholic emperor Charles the Fifth who authorized the construction of the Cathedral realized he made a terrible mistake when it was completed. He rounded on the architects, saying you've taken something unique and turned it into something mundane, now I think you can't still appreciate the beauty of the mosque, but as an act of cultural vandalism. I have never seen anything like it. It's like something sort of dagger plunged into the heart of the mosque. It represents a really heavy handed imposition of one set of religious on another. And there is something quite ugly about that.


So much of the later stories of Spain would be dominated by religious conflict. But during the golden age of al-Andalus, back its ninth and tenth century heyday, the religious realities were quite different.


The extraordinary fact is here in al-Andalus uniquely the three religions lived together in relative harmony. Now Islam regarded Jews and Christians as the peoples of the book, whose holy writings were to be respected as forerunners of the Prophet Mohamed's final revolution. So the concrete Moors made no effort to convince the Christians and the Jews to convert, and they even, as the Khan commanded, gave them freedom of worship.


For over 200 years, the three religions rubbed along surprisingly well. Friendships and marriages flourished across the faiths and many Christians and Jews held prominent positions in the Islamic state.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
1

评分次数

HOMEWORK

A Catholic cathedral, in the 16th century, long after the fall of the Moores, Cordoba's Christian rulers demolished the central columns of the mosque and erected this vast temple to Christianity. A cathedral planted in the center of the mosque, it's like a great parasite in its belly.

Even the great Catholic emperor Charles V who authorized the construction of the cathedral realised he made a terrible mistake when it was completed, rounded on the architect, saying you had taking something unique and turn it to something mundane, i think you can still appreciate the beauty of the mosque but as an act of cultural vandalism, i have never seen anything like this, it is like sort of dagger plunged into the heart of the mosque, it represents some really heavy handed in position of one set of religious values on another, and there is something quite ugly about that.

So much of the later story of Spain would be dominated by religious conflict, but during the golden age of A back in the 9th and 10th century hayday, the religious reality is quite different.

Extraodinary fact is that here in A, uniquely the three religions lived together in relatively harmony, now Islam regarded Jews and Christians as people of the book whose holy writing were to be respected as forerunners of the prophet Mohammed's final revelation, so the conquerors made no effort to convince the Christians and Jews to convert, and they even asked the Koran cammander gave them freedom of worship.

For over 200 years, the three religions rubbed along surprisingly well, friendships and marriages flourished across the faiths, and many Christians and Jews held prominant positions in Islamic states.
1

评分次数

[Homework]2012-11-02 风情南西班牙 The Moorish South —6

A Catholic Cathedral.

In the sixteenth century, long after the fall of  the moors,  Cordoba's (
科尔多瓦) Christian rulers demolished the central columns of  the Mosque, and erected this vast temple to Christianity.

A cathedral  planted in the center of a mosque. It's like a great parasite in its  belly.

Even the great Catholic Emperor Charles the Fifth who authorized the  construction of the Cathedral realized he made a terrible mistake when  it was completed. He rounded on the architects saying you've taken  something unique and turned it into something mundane. now I think you  can't still appreciate the beauty of the mosque, but as an act of  cultural vandalism. I have never seen anything like it. It's like  something sort of dagger plunged into the heart of the mosque. It  represents a really heavy handed imposition of one set of religious value on  another and there is something quite ugly about that.

So much of the later stories of Spain would be dominated by religious  conflict. But during the golden age of AL-Andalus, back its ninth and  tenth century heyday, the religious realities were quite different.


The extraordinary fact is here in AL-Andalus uniquely the three  religions lived together in relative harmony. Now Islam regarded Jews  and Christians as the peoples of the book, whose holy writings were to  be respected as forerunners of the Prophet Mohamed's final revolution.  So the concrete Moors made no effort to convince the Christians and the  Jews to convert, and they even, as the Khan commanded, gave them freedom  of worship.
  

For over 200 years, the three religions rubbed along surprisingly well.  Friendships and marriages flourished across the faiths and many  Christians and Jews held prominent positions in the Islamic state.
  


mundane:普通的;平凡的;单调的 Something that is mundane is very ordinary and not at all interesting or unusual
vandalism:(尤指对公共财产的)故意破坏,捣毁 Vandalism is the deliberate damaging of things, especially public property.
heyday:全盛时期 Someone's heyday is the time when they are most powerful, successful, or popular.
                                                   
This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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实现无障碍英语沟通
A catholic cathedral.
In the 16 century, long after the fall of the Moors, Cordoba's Christian rulers demolished the centre columns of the mosque, and recoded this vast temple to Christianity. A cathedral, planted in the centre of a mosque, is like a great parasite in its belly.
Even the great catholic emperor Charles the 5th who authorized the construction of the cathedral, realized he made a terrible mistake. When it was completed, he rounded on the architects, saying you have taken some unique, turned it into something mundane. I think you can still appreciate the beauty of the mosque, but it is an act of culture vandalism. I have never seen anything like it, it's just like sort of dagger up, plunged into the heart of the mosque. It represents so really heavy headed imposition of one set of religious value on another and that is something quite ugly about that.
So much of the late history of Spain would be dominated by religious conflict. But during the Gold Age of Al Andulus, back its ninth and tenth century heyday, the religious realities were quite different.
The extraordinary fact is that here in Andulus, uniquely the three religions live together in relative harmony. Now Islam regarded Jews and Christian’s papers of the book, whose holly writing is what to be respected, as fall on earth, of the Prophet Muhammad’s final revelation. So the concrete moors made no effort, to convince the Christians and Jews to converse. And they even, as the Koran commanded, gave them freedom of worship.
For over two hundred years, the three religions rubbed along surprisingly well. Friendships and marriages flourished across the fates, and many Christians and Jews have prominent positions in the Islamic states.
1

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普特听力大课堂

[Homework]2012-11-02 风情南西班牙 The Moorish South —6

A Catholic cathedral. In the 16th century, long after the fall of the Moors, Cordoba's Christian rulers demolished the central columns of the mosque and erected this vast temple to Christianity.


A cathedral planted in the centre of a mosque. It's like a great parasite in its belly.


Even the great Catholic Emperor Charles V, who authorized the construction of the cathedral,
realised he'd made a terrible mistake. When it was complete he rounded on the architects,
saying, You've taken something unique and turned it into something mundane.


Now, I think you can still appreciate the beauty of the mosque, but as an act of cultural vandalism, I've never seen anything like it. It's like a sort of dagger plunged into the heart of the mosque. It represents a really heavy-handed imposition of one set of religious values on another
and there's something quite ugly about that.


So much of the later story of Spain would be dominated by religious conflict. But during the Golden Age of Al Andalus, back in its 9th and 10th century heyday, the religious realities
were quite different. The extraordinary fact is that here in Al Andalus, uniquely the three religions lived together in relative harmony.




Now, Islam regarded Jews and Christians as People of the Book whose holy writings
were to be respected as forerunners of the Prophet Muhammed's final revelation.


So the conquering Moors made no effort to convince the Christians and the Jews to convert
and they even, as the Koran commanded, gave them freedom of worship.


For over 200 years the three religions rubbed along surprisingly well. Friendships and marriages
flourished across the faiths.


Many Christians and Jews held prominent positions in the Islamic state.



                                                   
This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
1

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好栏目推荐之美国口语俚语
A Catholic cathedral. In the 16th century, long after the fall of the Moors, Cordoba's Christian rulers demolished the central columns of the mosque and erected this vast temple to Christianity.


A cathedral planted in the centre of a mosque. It's like a great parasite in its belly.


Even the great Catholic Emperor Charles V, who authorized the construction of the cathedral, realized he'd made a terrible mistake. When it was complete, he rounded on the architects, saying, you've taken something unique and turned it into something mundane.


Now, I think you can still appreciate the beauty of the mosque, but as an act of cultural vandalism, I've never seen anything like it. It's like a sort of dagger plunged into the heart of the mosque. It represents a really heavy-handed imposition of one set of religious values on another
and there's something quite ugly about that.


So much of the later story of Spain would be dominated by religious conflict. But during the Golden Age of Al Andalus, back in its 9th and 10th century heyday, the religious realities were quite different. The extraordinary fact is that here in Al Andalus, uniquely the three religions lived together in relative harmony.




Now, Islam regarded Jews and Christians as People of the Book whose holy writings were to be respected as forerunners of the Prophet Muhammad’s final revelation.


So the conquering Moors made no effort to convince the Christians and the Jews to convert and they even, as the Koran commanded, gave them freedom of worship.


For over 200 years the three religions rubbed along surprisingly well. Friendships and marriages flourished across the faiths.


And
many Christians and Jews held prominent positions in the Islamic state.
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[Homework]【整理】2012-11-02 风情南西班牙 The Moorish South —6

A Catholic cathedral. In the 16th century, long after the fall of the Moors Cordoba's christian rulers demolished the central columns of the mosque and erected this vast temple to Christianity. A cathedral planted in the central of a mosque. It's like a great parasite in its belly.
Even the great Catholic Emperor Charles V, who authorized the construction of the cathedral, realized he'd made a terrible mistake. When it was complete, he rounded on the architects, saying you've taken something unique, and turned it into something mundane. Now I think you can stay and appreciate the beauty of the mosque, but as an act of cultural vandalism. I've never seen anything like it. It's like a sort of dagger plunged into the heart of the mosque. It represented so really heavy-handed imposition of one set of religious values on another and there's something quite ugly about that.
So much of the later story of Spain would be dominated by religious conflict. But during the Golden Age of Al Andalus, back to its 9th or 10th century heyday, the religious realities were quite different.
The extraordinary fact is that here in Al Andalus, uniquely the three religions lived together in relatively harmony. Now Islam regarded Jews and Christians as Peoples of the Book, whose holy writings were to be respected, as the forerunners of Prophet's Muhammad final revelation. So the conquering Moors made no effort to convince the Christians and the Jews to convert, and they even, as the Koran commanded, gave them freedom of worship.
For over 200 years, the three religions rubbed along surprisingly well. Friendships and marriages flourished across the faiths, and many Christians and Jews held prominent positions in the Islamic state.















This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
on 深白的蓝
A Catholic cathedral, in the 16th century, long after the fall of the Moores, Cordoba's Christian rulers demolished the central columns of the mosque and erected this vast temple to Christianity. A cathedral planted in the center of the mosque, it's like a great parasite in its belly.

Even the great Catholic emperor Charles V who authorized the construction of the cathedral realised he made a terrible mistake when it was completed, rounded on the architect, saying you had taking something unique and turn it to something mundane, i think you can still appreciate the beauty of the mosque but as an act of cultural vandalism, i have never seen anything like this, it is like sort of dagger plunged into the heart of the mosque, it represents some really heavy handed in position of one set of religious values on another, and there is something quite ugly about that.

So much of the later story of Spain would be dominated by religious conflict, but during the golden age of A back in the 9th and 10th century hayday, the religious reality is quite different.

Extraodinary fact is that here in A, uniquely the three religions lived together in relatively harmony, now Islam regarded Jews and Christians as people of the book whose holy writing were to be respected as forerunners of the prophet Mohammed's final revelation, so the conquerors made no effort to convince the Christians and Jews to convert, and they even asked the Koran cammander gave them freedom of worship.

For over 200 years, the three religions rubbed along surprisingly well, friendships and marriages flourished across the faiths, and many Christians and Jews held prominant positions in Islamic states.
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A Catholic cathedral,in the 16th century,long after the fall of the Moors,Cordoba's Christian rulers demolished the central columns of the mosque,and erected this vast temple to Christinanity.
A cathedral planted in the central of a mosque,it's like a great parasite in it's balley.
Even the great Catholic Emperor Chales 5th,who authorized the construction of the cathedral,realized that he had made a terrible mistake.When it was completed,he rounded on the architects,saying you have something unique,and turned it to something mondane.I think you can still appreciate the bearty of the mosque,but it's an act of cultural vandalism,I have never seen anything like it.It's like a sort of dagger plunged into the heart of the mosque.It represents a really heavy handed position of one set of religious on another that something quite ugly about that.
So much of the later stories in Spain will be dominated by religious conflict.But during the old age of Al Andalus,back its 9th and 10th century heyday,religious realities were quite different.
The extraordinary fact is that here in Al Andalus,uniquely the three religions lived together in relative harmony.
Now Islam regarded Jews and Christians as peoples of the book whose holy writings were to be respected as forerunners of the prophet Muhammad’s final relavation.So the conquering of Moors made no effort to convince the Christians and the Jews to convert.And they even,as the Koran commanded,gave them free of the warship.
For over the 200 years,the three religions rubbed alone surprisingly well,friendships and marriages flourished across the face and many Christians and Jews had prominent positions in the Islamic state.
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[Homework]【整理】2012-11-02 风情南西班牙 The Moorish South —6

A Catholic cathedral. In the 16th century, long after the fall of the Moors, Cordoba's Christian
rulers demolished the central columns of the Mosque, and erected this vast temple to
Christianity.
A cathedral planted in the center of a mosque, it's like a great parasite in its belly. Even the great Catholic Emperor Charles V who authorized the construction of the cathedral
realized he'd made a terrible mistake. When it was complete, he rounded on the architects, saying, you've taken something unique and turned it into something mundane. Now I think you can still appreciate the beauty of the mosque, but as an act of cultural vandalism. I've never seen anything like it. It's like sort of a dagger plunged into the heart of the mosque. It represents a really heavy-handed imposition of one set of religious values on another and there's something quite ugly about that.
So much of the later story of Spain would be dominated by religious conflict. But during the Golden Age of Al Andalus, back in its 9th and 10th century heyday, the religious realities were quite different.
The extraordinary fact is that here in Al Andalus, uniquely, the three religions lived together in relative harmony. Now Islam regarded Jews and Christians as peoples of the Book whose holy writings were to be respected as forerunners of the Prophet Muhammad's final revelation. So the conquering Moors made no effort to convince the Christians and Jews to convert, and they even, as the Koran commanded, gave them freedom of worship.
For over 200 years the three religions rubbed along surprisingly well. Friendships and marriages flourished across the faith. And many Christians and Jews held prominent positions in the Islamic state.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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