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[文化博览] 【整理】2012-11-28 风情南西班牙 The Moorish South —17

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[文化博览] 【整理】2012-11-28 风情南西班牙 The Moorish South —17

 

 

 

BBC西班牙艺术-西班牙南区最风情  | BBC The Art of Spain  The Moorish South

 


     西班牙最风情的地方不在马德里、不在巴塞罗那,而是西班牙南部,充满阿拉伯风格的建筑和文化。摩尔人在艺术上的卓越,对空间的恐惧。还有16世纪对密集图案的喜爱。西班牙曾被阿拉伯占领长达800多年,在此之前,我甚至从没把西班牙和阿拉伯世界联系!

    身为评论家和艺术历史学家的Andrew Graham-Dixon自西班牙南部向北部进发,向大家展现了一个个关于欧洲最令人兴奋,至关重要的艺术故事。在发掘摩尔人的西班牙的同时,为了深入地了解穆斯林政治和文化的影响,从科尔多瓦到格拉纳达,看科尔多瓦古老的大清真寺,塞尔维亚的城堡以及格拉纳达的阿罕布拉宫。认识摩尔人引进很多新的食物--包括柑橘类的水果,咖啡还有香料--到西班牙的事。


  Critic and art historian Andrew Graham-Dixon travels from southern to northern Spain to tell the story of some of Europe’s most exciting and vital art. In an exploration of Moorish Spain, he looks at Muslim political and cultural influence as he travels from Cordoba to Granada, seeing classic buildings such as the Great Mosque in Cordoba, the Alcazar in Seville and the Alhambra in Granada. He also shows how the Moors introduced new foods – including citrus fruits, coffee and spices – to Spain.


   The films covers the period from the first tentative stirrings of Tchaikovsky's musical talent to the composition of his opera Eugene Onegin and the failure of his marriage to Antonina Milyukova.It looks at the women who fired his musical imagination in the early years, from Katerina Kabanova in his first orchestral work, The Storm, to his dearly loved Tatyana in Onegin.



 

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toyworld在 整理的原文:
Although he was keen on murdering Moorish kings, Pedro was a massive fan of Moorish architecture and decoration.





And when he decided to build his own Moorish palace, no expense was spared.





The best Moorish craftsmen were employed to create an architectural jewel, complete with intricate marble and wood carving, cool, shaded courtyards and tile work in almost hallucinogenic patterns.





But why would a Christian conqueror dress up his palace in the style of the Islamic foe?





Well, you’ve got to put yourself in Pedro the Cruel's shoes and think back to 14th century Europe.





I mean, what else is going on in architectural terms?





There's the Gothic, but that's for churches.





When it comes to palace architecture, there's really nothing to compare with this for colour, richness, pattern, sensuality.





The whole place feels as if it's made of icing sugar. I almost feel as if I want to eat it.





It's the ultimate Arabian Nights' fantasy architecture.





In fact, if I had my own little Aladdin genie in a bottle and I could wish for anything in the world, I might just choose this palace.









Because the Alcazar was a palace, not a mosque, \it didn't arouse the usual suspicions of Muslim worship.





And the Christian kings of Spain clearly felt free to love this place, too.





Later monarchs preserved it and made any additions with surprising sensitivity.





Sometimes, the greatest compliments are those paid to you by your enemy. And I think it's a pretty astonishing tribute to the power and grandeur of Islamic art and architecture that generation after generation of Spanish Catholic monarchs should have allowed this place to remain, to stand as a great, shimmering ghost of a culture they were determined to eradicate, but could never quite bring themselves to stop loving.

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