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[word-lover] 【整理】2014-05-30 How to Use a Word

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[word-lover] 【整理】2014-05-30 How to Use a Word



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cristianjey在 整理的参考文本:
Transcript.

Today's word is diktat, spelled D-I-K-T-A-T.

Diktat is a noun that means a harsh settlement unilaterally imposed as on a defeated nation. It can also mean decree or order. Here is the word used in a sentence.

The company president issued a diktat that employees may not wear jeans to work.

In the word "diktat" you might recognize the English word "dictate." Both words derive from the Latin word "dictare" meaning "to assert" or "to dictate," a form of "dicere" meaning "to say." "Diktat" passed through German where it meant "something dictated." "Dictate" can mean both "to speak words aloud to be transcribed" and "to issue a command or injunction," the sense of the word that gave us "dictator." Germans, beginning with Prince Wilhelm, used "diktat" in a negative way to refer to the Treaty of Versailles, the document ending World War I. Today "diktat" can be used as a critical term for even minor regulations felt to be unfair or authoritarian.

I'm Peter Sokolowski with your Word of the Day.

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