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[word-lover] 【整理】2015-05-09 How to Use a Word

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[word-lover] 【整理】2015-05-09 How to Use a Word



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cristianjey在 整理的参考文本:
Transcript.

Today's word is saltation, spelled S-A-L-T-A-T-I-O-N.

Saltation is a noun that means the action or process of leaping or jumping. It can also mean dance. Saltation also means the origin of a new species or a higher taxon in essentially a single evolutionary step. Here is the word used in a sentence from the The Coloradoan by Kevin J. Cook.

"Neither kangaroos nor rats, the kangaroo rats show a genetic kinship to beavers. The name 'kangaroo' owes to their hopping on enlarged hind legs, a locomotion known as saltation."

The word saltation comes from Latin, deriving ultimately from the verb salire, meaning "to leap." Etymologists think it meant "leap" or "jump" when it was first used in English, too, but documented evidence of early use in that sense is scarce. Instead, the oldest manuscripts containing the word which date from the 1620s show it is used as a synonym of "dancing." The first recorded incidence of the "leaping" sense dates from 1646, when British physician and author Sir Thomas Browne used it in an entomological context. He wrote: "Locusts being ordained for saltation, their hinder legs doe far exceed the other." The word made the leap to evolutionary theory in the late 19th century.

I'm Peter Sokolowski with your Word of the Day.

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[Homework]2015-05-09 How to Use a Word

Today's word is saltation, spelled S-A-L-T-A-T-I-O-N.
Saltation is a noun that means the action or process of leaping or jumping. It can also mean dance. Saltation also means the origin of a new species or a higher taxon in essentially a single evolutionary step. Here is the word used in a sentence from the The Coloradoan by Kevin J. Cook.
Neither kangaroos nor rats, the kangaroo rats show a genetic kinship to beavers. The name 'kangaroo' owes to their hopping on enlarged hind legs, a locomotion known as saltation.
The word saltation comes from Latin, deriving ultimately from the verb salire, meaning to leap. Etymologists think it meant leap or jump when it was first used in English, too, but documented evidence of early use in that sense is scarce. Instead, the oldest manuscripts containing the word which date from the 1620s show it is used as a synonym of dancing. The first recorded incidence of the leaping sense dates from 1646, when British physician and author Sir Thomas Browne used it in an entomological context. He wrote: Locusts being ordained for saltation, their hinder legs doe far exceed the other. The word made the leap to evolutionary theory in the late 19th century.
I'm Peter Sokolowski with your Word of the Day.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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