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[探索发现] 2016-05-04 BBC:古代圣贤:佛祖释迦牟尼 Buddha-31

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The Buddha’s death robbed the Sangha of their founder and leader. With this vacuum, there was a real danger his ideas would be lost or corrupted. The Buddha had encouraged the Sangha to reach consensus on day-to-day concerns by holding regular meetings. And now the monks did as they’d been taught. They settled and convened a council of 500 prominent monks here to this cave to determine the content of Buddha’s doctrine. Ananda recited the sermons and the teachings of the Buddha. Another monk Upali recited monastic rules. They now had a definitive account of the Buddha’s ideas. For the next a few centuries, the Buddha’s message was kept alive by the Sangha. But ironically, Buddhism’s expansion to the wider world would come courtesy of a despot. 200 years after the Buddha’s death, most Buddhists in the northern Indian were ruled by the ruthless emperor, Ashoka. This well in Ashoka’s ancient capital PXXX is believed to have been his purpose-built torture chamber.
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