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[探索发现] 2016-06-03 BBC:古代圣贤:苏格拉底 Socrates-3

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But the key ideology that will shape young Socrates’ life belongs to Athens alone. Because here, around 508 B.C., democracy, the power of the people was born.

“Virtually over night, all adult male citizens found they didn’t just serve the state, they were the state. You cannot over emphasize how electrically exciting this must have been. Ordinary men were selected randomly a lot to hold the very highest of offices, the equivalence of being head of the Foreign Office or Home Secretary for one day.”

Socrates wouldn’t only witness a city being rebuilt, but the ethical hazards of a new social experiment. As he was growing up, democracy too was founding its feet. Ordinary Athenians now had the potential to determine their own future. But their fate was still very firmly in the hands of the gods. Gods, demigods and spirits were believed to be everywhere, influencing people’s everyday lives.

“If I’d been looking out over Athens during Socrates’ lifetime, then this scene would have been thick with smoke and smell of sacrifice would be heavy in the air, as Athenians frantically rushed around, trying to keep their gods on side, all 2,000 of them.”
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