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[英伦广角] 2016-06-04 英国举行日德兰海战100周年纪念活动

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Homework
The Battle of Jutland was the biggest naval confrontation in World War I. The German Fleet wanted to access to the Atlantic. English Channel was too narrow and too well defended, so they went north towards Scotland. In their way was the Royal Navy, which dominated the seas. The British Grand Fleet was based here at Scapa Flow in Orkney.
This place was perfect as a base for the Royal Navy. They can get access to the Atlantic in one direction and then out to the North Sea in the other direction. The water is well relatively calm as well, because Scapa Flow is surrounded by lots of small, little islands. They give the British fleets a degree of protection.
250 ships and 100,000 men confronted each other in the North Sea. The commander of the British fleet was Admiral John Jellicoe.
"The British wanted to defend their supremacy and their control of the sea, the Germans wanted to take it away.  Well, if that was the mission, they didn't succeed. But as I say, they inflicted a very very heavy pain on the Royal Navy. For both navies, this was a cataclysmic and very very sad day. The loss of 6 and a half thousand of lives was enormous, 10% rougly of the British sailors at sea. And it wasn't just stokers and ratings. Senior officers and admirals were also fighting side by side."
The old marines? have been getting ready for the centenary of the battle that was a big party of the history. A Royal Naval frigate HMS Kent has been joined by a German warship of the Island of Hoy,  and thereill a service at the cathedral in Kirkwall tomorrow morning. But the Duke of Edinburgh who was due to attend the events has been told by doctor not to travel for health reasons. Buckingham Palace says that he is not seriously ill and he hasn't gone to hospital. The Prince Philippe who will be 95 in just a few weeks time and of course he's a former officer in the Royal Navy himself will be not disappointed to miss this event.
"He was very frustrated and disappointed that he can't be here, and we're all very sad that he won't be with us."
"And any word? on his health?"
"He's fine. He just has a minor ailments. I think his age would be unwise to go and stand in a windswept cemetery  for a long period at that stage."
In the one day fighting, 14 British ships and 9 German was sank, 8 and a half thousand men drowned. It is probably going too far to say this was the decisive battle of the entire war, but British sea blockade of Germany remained in place, the German Navy never set to sail again in quite the same way.
Alex Bunkall, Sky News, in Orkney Islands.
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