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[探索发现] 2016-07-27 BBC:古代圣贤:苏格拉底 Socrates-10

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[Homework]2016-07-27 BBC:古代圣贤:苏格拉底 Socrates-10

Knowing right from wrong was fundamental to every aspect of life. And in 5th century Athens, the issue was acute. As many as 4,000 legal cases were heard each year, democracy had revolutionised the law courts. Now, any male citizen, from aristocrats right down to fish mongers, could be a judge of the day. We're told Socrates found such amateur governance troubling. -If those sitting in judgement weren't qualified to understand the difference between right and wrong, then they could convict innocent person. They'd been punishing someone didn't deserve to be hurt.
But in Socrates's view, the innocent person would only suffer physically. It's the jurors who would be harming themselves much more. By unknowingly doing wrong, they would inflict horrible, lasting damage to their own souls. In order to protect Athenians, Socrates needed to teach them. The only evil is ignorance, he said.
-But Socrates faced a problem. The Greeks did have an ethical framework source, but it wasn't quite either clear or consistent.

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