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[探索发现] 2016-07-27 BBC:古代圣贤:苏格拉底 Socrates-10

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Knowing right from wrong was fundamental to every aspect of life. And in fifth century Athens, the issue was acute. As many as four thousand legal cases were heard each year. Democracy had revolutionized the law courts. Now any male citizen, from Aristocrats right down to fishmongers could be a judge for the day.
We were told that Socrates found such amateur governance troubling.
If those sitting in judgement weren't qualified to understand the difference between right and wrong, then they could convict innocent person. They'd be punishing someone who didn't deserve to be hurt.
But in Socrates' view, the innocent person would only suffer physically. It's the jurors who would be harming themselves much more. By unknowingly doing wrong, they would inflict terrible, lasting damage to their own souls. In order to protect Athenians, Socrates needed to teach them. The only evil is ignorance, he said.
But Socrates faced a problem that the Greeks did have an ethical framework of sorts, but it wasn't either clear or consistent.
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