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[探索发现] 2016-07-29 BBC:古代圣贤:苏格拉底 Socrates-11

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  The destiny of all Greeds was in the hands of the Gods'. They were venerated even though their personal lives were pretty short on moral guidance. Capricious and vengeful, they fought
with each other.They slept with one another's wives. they abducted the mortals. And appropriately,the Gods didn't see that they are interst in human reality, either.
  Living a good life didn't guarantee the favor of Gods. Respecting their power and offering the most expensive and bloodiest sacrifice was a much safer bet.
  Greeks did, however, believe there were five virtues, justice, temperance, courage, piety and wisdom. But in practice these virtues were slippery shifting ideas. what was considered just and pious for an aristocratic man wasn't necessary the same for a slave woman.
  In Socrates' experience, traditional moral thinking, the kind taught elders, priests and epic poets, just didn't stand up to scrutiny. His philosophy became a search for more robust, universal definitions.
  Socrates thought that all virtues were interlinked. They couldn't be separated. He thought of them as one thing, something he called the knowledge of human good.
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