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[探索发现] 2016-08-03 BBC:古代圣贤:苏格拉底 Socrates-12

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HW
For him virtue is knowledge, knowledge of the human good. He says that this knowledge of human good is going to, in some sense, save your life. This is really a strong language.
Is that his abstract ideas, or is that something that come out of people’s day to day lives?
Oh, no, absolutely. Knowledge of human good is to enable us to make the right practical decisions in our daily lives. But it’s going to look different in different contents. For instance, if you are on a battle field, it will manifest yourself in a courage. If you are sacrificing in a temple, It will look like piety. And through those decisions and actions, we are enabled to take care of our souls, a most precious possession on which all our happiness depends.
Does that mean that people have real agency? Because, it seems that he is saying that , it is not the gods that make the world a better place. It is down to us.
Absolutely, Socrates is saying that you don’t have to depend on the whims and caprices of gods. It’s really about individual empowerment and responsibility. And furthermore, whereas he inherited tradition, that is one kind of virtues for man and another for a woman while, one for a well-born man and another for a slave. He says no. He says this is about the knowledge of human good, in a universal sense. It’s available to everybody. Socrates relates to // he brings philosophy down from the heavens and into people’s homes, into people’s individual homes
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