只用一本书提高英语听力能力!重温经典名著双语阅读小编推荐:跟着纪录片学英语不背单词和语法,轻松学英语
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[Report] SENEWS-2007-08-26 Report

提高英语听力能力 找对方法很重要!

Now the VOA Special English Program Word and Their Stories.
Baseball is American’s national sport , so it is not unusual that many popular expressions come from baseball. But first, let meexplain a little about the game. Each baseball team has nine players. The pitcher of one team throws the ball to batter from other team. The batter attempts to hit the ball, if he misses, it is called "a strike". If a batter gets three strikes , he loses his turn at bat and it called out. The batter also is out if he hits the ball in the air and an opposing player catches it. But if the batter hits the ball and it is not caught. The batter tries to run to one or more of the four bases on the field. The batter can run all bases if he hits the ball over the fence or out of the ballpark. Such a hit is called a "home run".
Now here are some common expressions form baseball. Someone who is "on the ball" is intelligent and able to do a good job. But a person who "threw a curve ball" did something unexpected. Someone who steps up to the plate is ready to do his or her job. A "pinch hitter" takes the place of someone else at the job or activity. A person who "strikes out" or "goes down swinging" attempted something but failed. We also might tell a person that "three strikes and you are out". But someone who "hit a home run" or "hit it out of the park" did something extremely well.
Sometimes I have to give information quickly without time to think it over, then I would say something "right off the bat". If someone is doing an extremely good job and is very successful. He may say he or she is "batting one thousand". If I say I want to "touch base with you", I will talk to you from time to time about something we plan to do. I might say "I touched all the bases", if I did what is necessary to complete a job or activity. And If I covered my bases, I was well prepared.
However, someone who is "way off base" did something wrong or maybe even dishonest or immoral. A person with strange ideas might be described as "out in the left field".
Let us say I want to sell my car but I do not know exactly how much it is worth. If someone asks me the price, I may give a "ball park figure" or "a ball park estimate". If someone offers me in an amount that is close to my selling price , I might say the amount is "in the ball park". However ,if I say we are not in the same ball park I mean we can not agree , because my ideas are too different from yours. Finally, when a situation changes completely , we say "that is a whole new ball game".
This VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories was written by Shelley Gollust , I am Faith Lapidus.
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