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[BBC] 【整理】BBC 2009-03-24

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BBC News with Marian Marshall.

 

The value of shares on Wall Street has soared after the American government announced details of its plan to revive the banking system. The Dow Jones Index closed up almost 7%, its biggest one day rise in nearly five months. President Obama has said he’s very confident that the bank rescue plan will succeed. Greg Wood reports from New York.


Previous government plans to relieve the banks of the mortgage-backed securities and non-performing home loans which are weighing them down have met with a contentious response from Wall Street. But this time it was different. And bank shares leapt on the belief that the latest scheme might actually work to relieve their burden. It calls for the government and private investors to put up equal sums of money to create funds to buy the toxic assets from the banks. These funds would also be able to borrow more money from the government at low rates to increase their purchasing power.

 

The World Trade Organization has said it expects the volume of world trade to fall by 9% this year, its biggest contraction since the Second World War. But in a new report the WTO urged governments to refrain from further protectionist measures, saying these would hamper economic recovery. Imogen Foulkes reports from Geneva.

As recently as January the International Monetary Fund predicted a global trade reduction of just 2.8%. Now the World Trade Organization says the outlook is in fact far worse. Developed countries will bear the brunt of the dropping demand. Their exports are expected to fall by 10%, with the WTO acknowledges a consequent rise in unemployment.

 

A suicide bomber has struck at a funeral in Iraq, killing at least 25 people. Nearly 50 people were wounded. Hugh Sykes reports.

 

The suicide bomber exploded his device in a dense crowd of mourners in a funeral tent in the town of Jalula, 115 kilometers northeast of Baghdad. They were attending the funeral of the father of Karim Khudadat, an official in the Kurdish Committee Party which is part of the political bloc that's led by the Iraqi President Jalal Talabani. It’s likely that Mr. Khudadat was the target. 

 

Al-Qaeda in Iraq have mounted dozens of suicide bomb attacks in Diarra province, most of them since the organization was driven out of areas west of Baghdad where local people formed the Awakening Movement, a coalition of Sunni tribes which joined forces with the Americans to fight al-Qaeda.

 

The Mexican authorities have offered a reward of up to two million dollars each for information leading to the arrest of the 24 most wanted leaders of Mexican drug gangs. Among those on the list, published by the office of the attorney general is Joaquín Guzmán Loera, known as El Chapo recently became the first suspected Mexican drug cartel leader to be included in a list of the world’s richest billionaires by the American magazine Forbes.

 

You’re listening to the latest world news from the BBC.

 

The Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas has condemned as a terrorist crime the killing of the deputy head of the Palestine Liberation Organization in Lebanon Kamal Medhat. Mr. Medhat, a member of the Fatah political faction and three of his body guards were killed by a roadside bomb as they were leaving the Mieh Mieh refugee camp in southern Lebanon.

 

The Nobel Peace Prize committee says it won’t participate in a peace conference in South Africa unless the country reconsiders its decision not to allow the Dalai Lama to attend. The government has said the time isn’t right for the visit because it will distract from the issues of the conference on using football to fight racism. A presidential spokesman denied that China had exerted any pressure. 

 

Scientists in United States say there’s new evidence for the concept of cold nuclear fusion. Adhered to theoretical process, it promises a cheap and abundant source of energy. Matt Mcgrath has more.

There was a great deal of scientific excitement in March, 1989 when researchers first declared they’d produced nuclear energy using simple laboratory equipment. That hopes of endless cheap power supplies were short-lived as other scientists failed to reproduce what was termed “cold fusion”. Some experts refused to give up on an idea that imitated the energy source of the sun at room temperatures. Now at a meeting of the American Chemical Society in Utah, researchers say they have the first clear visual evidence that the process of cold fusion can produce highly energetic neutrons--particles that suggest that /new/ nuclear reactions are occurring.

 

The American cyclist and 7-time Tour de France winner Lance Armstrong has broken his collarbone in a crash during a race in Spain. He was taken to hospital after a pileup and he said that if he needs surgery this could scupper his chances of competing in the Tour de France in July. Armstrong, who’s 37, returned to competitive cycling earlier this year, three years after saying he’d retired from the sport.

 

BBC News.

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