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[豆知识] 【整理】2009-04-26&05-02 美国人如何选总统?

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本帖最后由 ☆鬼鬼☆ 于 2009-4-27 20:59 编辑

ON yyshmo 1945
Every 4 years, a American who are 18 or older have big responsibility. Our votes decide who becomes the president of United States. Unfortunately, the US selection system isn’t that simple. This is electing a US president in plain English.
It’s easy to imagine every US citizen’s vote being counted together on Election Day. But this is not the case. US selections are not decided by the total or popular vote, but individual states. Let me explain. It starts with your vote. On Election Day, you’ll vote for president and their vice president. You get one choice. Then all the votes in your states are counted. The candidate with the most statewide votes becomes the candidate your state supports for president. This happens across the country. Until each state has selected their candidate. We end up with the most 50 states and the District of Columbia voting to support one candidate each. But there is a problem. We can’t
elect a president by just counting on the
choices of these states. US states are different.
Consider this, California has about 36 million people, Kansas has less than 3 million. We need aware the California’s choice has more influence on the election, because the state has more people. The question becomes how do you make sure each state has the right amount of influence on the election. Well, we need a way to
account the population of each state. As an example, Let’s consider my home state of North Carolina, like every state, it is divided up in a Congressional districts based on population. North Carolina has 13 districts, California has 53, and Kansas has 4, when they come to a state influence on the election, the number of districts matters most. More population equals more districts, equals more influence. The influence a state has in the election is measured by the number of “electors”. This
number comes to the number of
districts in the state, plus the number of US senators, which is always 2. North Carolina has 15 electors, while California has 55. When a candidate wins the voting of a state, they win that state’s number of electors. That’s why big popular states can be so important to candidates. Their electors add up quickly. And the number of electors is what really matters. Here is why if you add up the electors of all 50 states and the
district
Columbia, there are 538 in total. The candidates’ goal on the Election Day is to win the majority of 538, or 270 electors, once a candidate wins enough states, to reach the 270 majority, they have won the election and become the president-elect.

Yeah~So, let’s recap. Your vote help your state choos
es
a single candidate. That candidate receives all the electors from your state. The candidate who can win enough states to reach to 270 total electors wins the national election and becomes
the president-elect. Then on the following January 20th, the president-elect is sworn in as the next president of United States. And that all starts with your vote. Make it count.
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