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[豆知识] 【整理】2009-04-26&05-02 美国人如何选总统?

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本帖最后由 lu0718 于 2009-5-2 15:19 编辑

HW
Every four years, Americans to a 18 or older have a big responsibility. Our votes decide who becomes the president of the United States. Unfortunately, the US election system isn’t that simple.
This is electing a US president in plain English. It’s easy to image every US’s vote be counted together on an election day, but this is not the case. US elections are not decided by the total or popular vote but individual states. Let me explain.
It starts with you vote, on an election day, your vote for president and their vice president, you give one choice. Then all the votes in your state are counted. The candidate with the most state white votes becomes the candidate your state supports for president. This happens across the country until each state has selected their candidate. We end up with the most of the 50 states and District Columbia voting to support one candidate each. But there is a problem. We can’t * a president by just counting the choices of states. US states are different. Consider this, California has about 36 million people. Kansas has less than 3 million. We need a way for California’s choice to have more influence on the election because the state has more people. The question comes. How do you make sure each state has right amount of influence on the election? Well, we need a way to count for the population of each state. As an example, let’s consider my home state North Carolina. Like every state, it is devided a * districts that based on population. North Carolina has 13 districts, California has 53 and Kansas has 4. When it comes to a state that * election, the number of districts matters most. More population equals more districts equals more influence. The influence a state has the election is measured by the number of electors. This number concerns the number of districts and state, plus the number US senators which is always two, North Carolina has 15 electors while California has 55. When a candidate * the voting state they won that state’s number of electors. That’s why big popular states can be so important to candidates. There are electors add off quickly and the number of electors is what really matters. Here’s why. If you elect electors all of the states and district Columbia there are 538 in total. The candidates go on an election day is to win a majority of a 538 or 270 electors. Once the candidate wins another states’ to reach the 270 majority, they have won the election and become the president elector. So let’s *. Your vote helps your state choose the single candidate. That candidate receives all the electors from your state. The candidate who can win the other states to reach 270 total electors wins the national election and becomes the president of elect. Then on the following Jan 20th, the president elected is sm* as the next president of the United States. And all start from your vote. Make it count.
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