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[report整理] SENEWS-2010-03-26

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[Homework]SENEWS-2010-03-26

本帖最后由 扣扣M 于 2010-3-26 16:44 编辑

This is the VOA Special English economics report.

President Obama has signed legislation to reform the health care system in the United States.

The main goal is to ensure about 32 million additional people that is about 95% of Americans who are not already covered by Medicare the government insurance program for older people. About 60 million people will be added to medicate the government health plan for the poor.

The law will require Americans do have health insurance with a few exceptions or pay a fine starting in four years. Also in four years employers with more than fifty workers will have to offer their employees a health insurance plan. Employers will pay a fine for each uninsured worker. Smaller businesses will receive tax credits to help pay for health plans. People, not covered by employer plans, medicate or Medicare, could buy health insurance in market places called exchanges.

The idea is that competition among plans will drive down costs. States will provide these exchanges by 2014. The law is the biggest change in the American health care since 1965, but it is not a government operated health care system, like the ones in other countries. President Obama says it provides limited reform.

“This is a medical reform, but is a major reform. This legislation will not fix everything that health are health care system, but it moves us to set the way in right direction.”

Barry Allbacle is chief executive of non-profit memorial care health system in[/url]Fountain Valley California. He says the new law gets the issue of health reform moving, but he notes it is mainly health insurance reform. He says law makers will have to reform the way health care is provided. That means finding ways for hospitals, doctors and other providers to work together more effectively.

Mr. Allbacle also would like to say more attention on prevention, so fewer people need costly medical treatment. The law is expected to cost about 940 billion dollars over ten years. However, the Obama Administration says the plan will cut the nation’s budget deficit by more than 100 billion dollars during that period.

Last year the United States spent about two and a half trillion dollars on health care. This was an increase of almost six percent from the year before.

And that’s the VOA Special English Economics Report written by Mario Ritter. I'm Steve Ember.

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