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[豆知识] 【整理】2011-04-03&04-09 物品的故事 (1/5)

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Do you have one of these? I get a little obsessed with mine. In fact, I get a little obsessed with all my stuff. Have you ever wondered all the stuff we buy comes from and where goes when we throw it out? I couldn’t stop wondering about that. So I looked it up. And what the tax book said is that the stuff moves through a system from extraction, to production, to distribution, to consumption, to disposal. All together is called the material economy.

Well, I look into it a bit more. In fact, I spend 10 years travelling the world, tracking where * comes from, and where it goes. You know what I found out? That is not the whole story. There is a lot missing from this *. For one thing, this system looks like it is fine. No problem, but the truth is, it’s a system in crisis. And the reason this system in crisis is it’s a linear system and we live on a * planet and you can’t run a linear system on a * planet in definitely. Every step along the way, this system is interacting with the real world, and real life is not happening on a blank we page. It’s interacting with societies, cultures, economies and the environment, and all long a way it’s bombing up against limits.

Let me * we don’t see here, because the diagram is incomplete. So let’s go back through, let’s fill in some of the blanks and see what’s missing. Well, one of the most important things it’s missing is people. Yes, people. People live and work all along the system. And some people in this system matter a little more than others, some have a little more say. Who are they? Well, let’s start with the government. Though my friends tell me I should use a tank to simplify the government and that’s true in many countries increasingly in our own. After all more than 50 percent of our * tax money is now going into the military. But I’m using a person to simplify the government because I hold true to the vision and value that the government should be up the people, by the people, for the people. It’s the government’s job to watch out for us, to take care of us, that’s their job. Then, along came the corporation. Now the reason the corporation looks bigger than the government is that the corporation is bigger than the government. Of the 100 largest economies on earth now, fifty-one are corporations. And as the corporation is grown in size and power, we’ll see a little change in the government, whether a little more concern to make into everything working out for those guys than for us.

Ok, let’s see what else is missing from this picture. We start with the extraction, which is a fancy word for natural resource *, which is a fancy word for trashing the planet. What this looks like is we topple down the trees, we broke mountains to take the metal inside, we use off the water and we * out the animals. So here, we’re running up against our first limit. We’re running out resources. We’re using too much stuff. I know this can be hard to hear. But this is the truth. We’ve got to deal with it. In the past 3 decades alone, one third of the planet’s natural resource space has been consumed, gone. We are cutting and mining and holing and trashing the place so fast that we are undermining the planet’s very ability for people to live here. Where I live? In United States, we have less than 4 percent of our original forests left. 40 percent of the water ways have become undrinkable. And our problem is not just we’re using too much stuff, but we’re using more than our share. We have 5 percent of the world’s population, but we’re using 30 percent of the world’s resources, increasing 30 percent of the world’s waste. If everybody consumed US rates, we’ll need 3 to 5 planets. And you know what? We’ve only got one.

So my country’s response to this limitation is simply to go take somebody else’s. This is the third world, which some would say, is another world for our stuff that’s somehow got on somebody else’s land. So, what is that look like? The same thing: trashing the place. 75 percent of global fisheries now are fished at or beyond *. 80 percent of the planet’s original * are gone. In a * alone, we’re losing 2000 trees a minute, that is 7 football field a minute. And what about the people who live here? Well, according to these guys, they don’t own these resources even if they’ve been living there for generations. They don’t own means the production are not buying a lot of stuff. And in this system, if you don’t own or buy a lot of stuff, you don’t have value.
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