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[豆知识] 【整理】2011-05-29&06-04 “总量管制和交易”的故事 (1/3)

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I’m so glad that the world is finally getting together to solve climate change. When I first heard that our leaders were meeting to talk about solutions, I breathed a huge sign of relieve, didn’t you?
Then, I said, “Wait a minute what are they exactly doing about this problem.” So I looked into it. And I have to tell you not all the solutions that are working on as I call solutions. In fact the leading solution known as Cap&Trade or mission’s trading is actually a huge problem. Now I know this is the last you want to hear. But the future of our planet is at stakes. We got to take time to understand what’s going on here.
Ok, meet the guys at the heart of so-called solutions, they include guys from Enron who designed energy trading, and Wall Street Finances like Goldman Sachs who gave us subprime mortgage crisis. Their job is to develop brand new markets. They stake their claims until everyone and a grandmother wants in. They make up for huge amounts of money as the market becomes a huge bubble and bursts. Well, the latest bubble just burst, and now they have a new idea for a market, ‘Trading carbon pollution.’ They are about to develop a new 3-trillion-dollar-bubble. And when this one bursts, it won’t just take down the stock portfolios, it could take down everything.
So, how does carbon trade work? Well, pretty much all serious scientists agree we need to reduce the amount of carbon in atmosphere to 350 ppm, if we want to avoid climate disaster. In the US that means to reduce our emission by 80%, maybe even more by 2050. 80%! That the problem is most of our global economy runs on burning fossil fuel which releases carbon. The factories that make all stuff, the ships and trucks that carry it around the world, our cars, buildings and /, just about everything. So, how we’re gonna reduce carbon 80%, and not go back to live in like a little house on the Peri. Well, these carbon trade guys are saying that a new carbon stock market is the best way to get it done.
The first ever beginning governments around the world who agree on the yearly limit on carbon emissions, that’s the cap. I think that part is great. So how do they want to ensure that carbon emission state is under the cap. Well, governments will distribute the certain amount of permits to pollute. Every year there will be fewer and fewer permits as we follow the cap to our goal. Innovated companies will get on board, building clean alternatives and getting more efficient. As permits get scarce soon they will also become more valuable. So, naturally companies work extra want to sell them to companies who need them. That’s what trading comes in.
The logic is as long as we under the cap, it doesn’t matter who pollutes or innovates. We meet our climate deadline avoiding catastrophe, and oh yeah, these guys take their fee as they broker this multi-trillion dollar carbon rake-it, I mean market. Save the planet, get rich, what’s not to like.
Some of my friends really care about our futures for carbon trade, a lot of environment groups that I respect too. They know it’s not a perfect solution and they don’t love the idea of turning our planet future over to these guys. And they think it’s important for a step, and it’s better than nothing. I’m not so sure, and I’m not the only one.
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