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[豆知识] 【整理】2011-05-29&06-04 “总量管制和交易”的故事 (1/3)

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I am so glad that the world is finally getting together to stop climate change. When I first heard our leaders are meeting together to talk about solutions, I breathed a huge size of relief, didn’t you? Then I said: “wait a minute. What exactly are they planning to do about this problem?” So I looked into it and I gotta tell you not all the solutions are working on it as what I called solutions. In fact, the leading solution, known as Cap & Trade or emission’s trading is actually a huge problem. I know this is the last thing you want to hear, but the future of our planet is at that stage, so we got to take time to understand what’s going on here.

Okay. Meet the guys at the heart of the so-called solution, they include the guys from Enron, who designed energy trading and the Wall Street financer, like Goldman Sachs who gave us the supreme mortgage prices. Their job is to develop brand new markets. They state their claims when everyone in their grandmother wants in, they make up huge amount of money as the market become a giant bubble and burst. While their latter bubble just burst and now they have a new idea from market, trading carbon pollution. They are about to develop a three trillions bubble. But when this one burst, it won’t just take our stock oil, it could take down everything.

So how does carbon trade work? Well, pretty all theory scientists agree we need to reduce the amount of carbon in the atmosphere to 350ppm if we want to avoid climate disaster. In the US, that means reducing our emission by 80%, maybe even more by 2050. 80%? Now the problem is that most of global economy runs on burning fossil fuels to increase emission of carbon, the factories that make all our stuff, the ships and trucks that carry us around the world, cars and buildings and plants and just about everything.

So how are we gonna reduce carbon 80% and not go back to live in a little house on a parry? Well, these carbon trade guys are saying new carbon stock market is the best way to get it done. The first step would be getting governments around the world who agree on a yearly living on carbon emissions. That’s the cap. I think that part is great. So how do they want to ensure that carbon stay under the cap? Well, government would distribute a certain amount of permit to pollute. Every year, there will be fewer and fewer permits as we saw the cap to our goal. Innovated companies will get on board, building clean alternatives and getting more efficient. As permits get scarcer, they would also become more valuable. So naturally companies who have extra want to sell them to companies who need them. That’s what the trading comes in. The logic is as long as we stay under the cap, it doesn’t matter who pollutes and who innovates. We’ll meet our emission deadline, avoiding catastrophe. And, oh yeah, these guys take fee as they broke their trillion carbon market and save the planet, get rich, what’s not to like, some of my friends who really care about the future carbon trade. A lot of environmental groups that I respect do too. They it’s not a perfect solution, they know it’s not a lovely idea to turn our planet as these guys. But they think it’s an important step and it’s better than nothing. I am not so sure. And I am not the only one.
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