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[豆知识] 【整理】2011-05-29&06-04 “总量管制和交易”的故事 (1/3)

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[Homework]【整理】2011-05-29&06-04 “总量管制和交易”的故事 (1/3)

A growing movement of scientists, students, farmers, far-thinking-businesspeople are all saying: wait a minute. In fact, even the economists who invented the carbon transition system to deal with the simpler promblems like fertilizer pollution and soft dioxide, they say carbontary will never work for climate change. Here’s why they think they are right.
When it comes to any kind of finacial scam, like sub-prime-mortgages that are burning out our       ,  are always the details and there are a lot  of details of the carbontary    on the table.   
Number 1 is noticed as the FREE PERMITS, which is why some people call this system “CAP GIVIENAWAY”. In this game, industrial polluters will get vast majorities with these valuable permits for free. FREE! The more they’ve been polluting, the more they get. It’s like we are thanking them for creating this problem in the first place. In Europe, they try to   a give-away system,  the price of permits          crazy, energy cost got consumers and guess what, carbon commissions    actually went up. The only product it did work was that polluters made billions of dollars and extra profits. An MIT economist say, the same thing would likely happen here in the US. Those billions come from our pockets. A real solution would put that money into stopping climate change. Instead of just giving permits to the polluters, we could sell them and use the money to build a clean energy economy, or give citizens dividend to help pay higher fuel prices when we transition to that clean  energy economy .We share with most of the harms caused by climate change. Some people call this “ pay our ecological debt ”. Since we are richest county release the most carbon for centuries, and live the pretty comfortable lifestyle in the process. Don’t we have a responsibility to help those most charms? It’s like we had a big party, didn’t invite our neighbor, and instead asked them to clean up our bill. It’s just not cool. Did you know that at the next century, because of the changing climate, whole islandnations could end up under water. And the UN says 9 out of 10 farmers could loss their ability to grow food. Then why the real solutions won’t benefit these people instead of just the polluters?   
Number 2 is called OFFSETTING. Offset permits are created when a company supposedly removes or reduces carbon. They then get a permit which they could be sold to polluter who wants permits to make more carbon. In theory, one activity offsets the other. The danger with the offset is that it’s very hard to guarantee the real carbon is being removed to create the permit. Yet these permits are worth real money. This creates a very dangerous incentive to create false offsets: to cheat. There are some cases cheating exiting in the world. But in this case, it is. And already there’s a lot of cheating going on. Like in Indonesia,   Mass Corporation cut down the original forests, causing major ecological and cultural destruction. Then they took the waste land they created and plant    trees. Guess what they can get from it. Yep, offset permits. Carbon out? No. Carbon in? You bet. Companies can even earn  offsets for not doing anything at all. Like operators who have polluting factories claim they are planning to spend 200%, but reduce the plants to spend only 100%, for that meaning they claim they get outside permits. Permits they can sell to someone else to get more pollution. It   so stupid. The lists of scams go on and on. And many of the worst ones happen in the so-called “third world”, where big business does everyone wants who never wants. And with last standers with regulations in the offsets, didn’t give permits for just about anything.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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