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[豆知识] 【整理】2011-05-29&06-04 “总量管制和交易”的故事 (1/3)

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[豆知识] 【整理】2011-05-29&06-04 “总量管制和交易”的故事 (1/3)

本帖最后由 jessiyear 于 2011-5-29 11:19 编辑

Bits-of-Knowledge-2011-05-29&06-04


The Story of Cap&Trade


Cap and Trade is the leading climate solution being discussed at Copenhagen and on Capitol Hill which is a method for managing and ultimately reducing the amount of pollution emitted into the atmosphere. This episode of BOK will reveal the "devils in the details" in current cap and trade proposals: free permits to big polluters, fake offsets and distraction from whats really required to tackle the climate crisis. And here is Part I.







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【电信1】下载:
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【电信2】下载:      
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jessiyear在 整理的参考文本:
I am so glad that the world is finally getting together to stop climate change. When I first heard that our leaders were meeting to talk about solutions, I breathed a huge sigh of relief. Didn’t you? Then I said, wait a minute, what exactly are they planning to do about this problem? So I looked into it. And I gotta tell you not all the solutions they’re working on are what I’d call solutions. In fact, the leading solution known as cap and trade or emissions trading is actually a huge problem.



Now, I know this is the last thing you wanna hear, but the future of our planet is at stake, so we gotta take the time to understand what’s going on here. OK, meet the guys at the heart of this so-called solution. They include the guys from Enron who designed energy trading, and the Wall Street financiers like Goldman Sachs who gave us the subprime mortgage crisis. Their job is to develop brand new markets. They stake their claims and then when everyone and their grandmother wants in, they made off with huge amounts of money as the markets becomes a giant bubble and bursts. Well, their latest bubble just burst, and now they have a new idea for a market, trading carbon pollution. They’re about to develop a new three-trillion-dollar bubble, but when this one bursts, it won’t just take down our stock portfolios, it could take down everything.



So how does cap and trade work? Well, pretty much all serious scientists agree that we need to reduce the amount of carbon in the atmosphere to 350 parts per million if we want to avoid climate disaster. In the US, that means reducing our emissions by 80%, maybe even more by 2050. 80%! Now the problem is that most of our global economy runs on burning fossil fuels which releases carbon: the factories that make all our staffs, the ships and trucks that carry it around the world, our cars and buildings and appliances, just about everything. So how are we gonna reduce carbon 80% and not go back to live in like little house on the prairie? Well, these cap and trade guys are saying that a new carbon stock market is the best way to get it done.



The first step would be getting governments around the world to agree on a yearly limit on carbon emissions. That is the cap. I think that part is great. So how do they wanna ensure that carbon emission stay under the cap? Well, governments would distribute a certain amount of permits to pollute. Every year there would be fewer and fewer permits as we follow the cap to our goal. Innovative companies will get on board, building clean alternatives and getting more efficient. As permits get scarcer, they will also become more valuable, so naturally companies who have extra will want to sell them to companies who need them. That’s where the trading comes in.



The logic is that as long as we stay under the cap, it doesn’t matter who pollutes and who innovates. We’ll meet our climate deadline, avoiding catastrophe. And oh yeah, these guys take the fee as they broker this multi-trillion carbon racket, I mean market.



Save the planet, get rich, what’s not to like? Some of my friends really care about our future support cap and trade. A lot of environmental groups that I respect do too. They know it’s not a perfect solution, and they don’t love the idea of turning our planet’s future over to these guys, but they think that it’s an important first step and that it’s better than nothing. I’m not so sure, and I’m not the only one.


jessiyear在 整理的生词:
Enron:美国安然公司,主要经营能源







prairie:北美大草原







catastrophe:n. an unexpected event that causes great suffering or damage 大灾难

普特在线文本比较普特在线听音查字普特在线拼写检查普特文本转音频



on bill2008

I am so glad that the world is finally getting together to stop climate change. When I first heard that our leaders were meeting to talk about solutions, I breathed a huge sigh of relief. Didn’t you? Then I said, wait a minute, what exactly are they planning to do about this problem? So I looked into it. And I / gotta tell you not all the solutions theyre working on are what I’d call solutions. In fact, the leading solution known as cap and trade or emissions trading is actually a huge problem.

Now, I know this is the last thing you wanna hear, but the future of our planet is at stake, so we gotta take
the time to understand what’s going on here. OK, meet the guys at the heart of this so-called solution. They include the guys from Enron who designed energy trading, and the Wall Street financiers like Goldman Sachs who gave us the subprime mortgage crisis. Their job is to develop brand new markets. They stake their claims and then when everyone and their grandmother wants in, they made / off with / huge amounts of money as the markets becomes a giant bubble and bursts. Well, their latest bubble just burst, and now they have a new idea for a market, trading carbon pollution. They’re about to develop a new three-trillion-dollar bubble, but when this one bursts, it won’t just take down our stock portfolios, it could take down everything.

 

So how does cap and trade work? Well, pretty much all serious scientists agree that we need to reduce the amount of carbon in the atmosphere to 350 parts per million if we want to avoid climate disaster. In the US, that means reducing our emissions by 80%, maybe even more by 2050. 80%! Now the problem is that most of our global economy runs on burning fossil fuels which releases carbon: the factories that make all our staffs, the ships and / trucks that carry it around the world, our cars and buildings and appliances, just about everything. So how are we gonna reduce carbon 80% and not go back to live in like / little house on the Prairie? Well, these cap and trade guys are saying that a new carbon stock market is the best way to get it done.

The first step would be getting governments around the world to agree on a yearly limit on carbon emissions
. That is the cap. I think that part is great. So how do they wanna ensure that / carbon emission stay under the cap? Well, governments would distribute a certain amount of permits to pollute. Every year there would be fewer and fewer permits as we follow the cap to our goal. Innovative companies will get on board, building clean alternatives and getting more efficient. As permits get scarcer /, they will also become more valuable, so naturally companies who have extra will want to sell them to companies who need them. That’s where the trading comes in.

The logic is that as long as we stay under the cap, it doesn’t matter who po
llutes / and who innovates. We’ll meet our climate deadline, avoiding catastrophe. And oh yeah, these guys take the fee as they broker this multi-trillion carbon racket, I mean market.

Save the planet, get rich,
what’s not to like? Some of my friends / really care about our future support cap and trade. A lot of environmental groups that I respect do too. They know it’s not a perfect solution, and they don’t love the idea of turning our planet’s future over to these guys, but they think that it’s an important first step and that it’s better than nothing. Im not so sure, and Im not the only one.




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