* 本帖最后由 qingchengshan 于 2012-4-4 10:27 编辑 *
阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦** **** | **Albert Einstein
阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦美籍德国犹太裔，理论物理学家，世界十大杰出物理学家之一，现代物理学的开创者、集大成者和奠基人，相对论的创立者，同时也是一位著名的思想家和哲学家。爱因斯坦1900年毕业于苏黎世联邦理工学院，入瑞士国籍。1905年获苏黎世大学哲学博士学位。曾在伯尔尼专利局任职，在苏黎世工业大学、布拉格德意志担任大学教授。1913年返德国，任柏林威廉皇帝物理研究所所长和柏林洪堡大学教授，并当选为普鲁士科学院院士,1921年获诺贝尔物理学奖，1933年因受纳粹政权迫害，迁居美国，任普林斯顿高级研究所教授，从事理论物理研究，1940年入美国国籍。1999年被美国《时代周刊》评选为“世纪伟人”。
In 1914, a team of American and German scientists set up camp on the shores of Russia's Black Sea. Their goal: to conduct an experiment involving one of nature's most spectacular phenomena -- a total eclipse of the sun. The results had the potential to explode 200 years of scientific conjecture, change forever the way scientists view the universe and launch the career of the most brilliant star in the scientific firmament -- Albert Einstein.
Albert Einstein`s revolutionary theory that turned the world upside down might have been dismissed but for a math mistake, a cloudy sky, and the start of World War I. This fascinating two-hour special tells the story of Einstein`s little-known, 15-year struggle to prove one of his most radical theories a theory that upended Newton and three centuries of scientific thought and called into question the definitions of space and light and gravity the game-changing concept known as the Theory of General Relativity. Today, more than a century since the Miracle Year in which he published many of his breakthrough papers, Einstein`s ideas remain a living, vibrant influence.
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由shihongmei2828在 整理的参考文本：
Einstein hadn't been in Germany since he left at the age of 15 to avoid the draft. He renounced his German citizenship the next year.
When Einstein was in Berlin, many to visit colleagues. He was also invited by a cousin.
A first cousin, named Elsa Einstein. They had known each other as kids. But Einstein had lost track of her.
Living on her own, had divorced yet, two daughters.
She is just the opposite of Meliva. She is not a scientist, she's not intellectual, but she loves making bagel, dinners, and taking care of Einstein. They like each other's accompany, taking long walks, looking at the boats, and he must have been fascinated by her.
Einstein returns to Zurich. They exchang five love letters. And one point becomes so strong that Einstein says please don't write me any more. This isn't going to work. He must feared that this was an over complex situation, even for Albert Einstein.
If the mystery of the heart eludes Einstein, the mystery of the universe troubled him even more.
The curvature of space and warping of spacetime. And you just, you scratch your head.
He's now been struggling for four years to more fully develope his general theory of relativity.
His theory of relativity is so complicated that very few people can understand it.
Somebody got to test it.
It's not a testable hypothesis. It's not science. It's science fiction.
Einstein knows he is on the right track towards solving his theory. Now he must find a way to prove it.
It's 1911. For 4 frustrating years, Einstein has struggled to perfect his general theory of relativity. His theory won't be accepted until he can demonstrate this radical concept. Suddenly, he is struck by an idea. If he can shine a beam of light through an aera where spaces are curved. Then according to his theory, the beam of light will actually appear to bend.
Light only knows straight lines. What's bent is space.
What could have enough gravity to bend light so much? Well, what about the sun? |