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[文化博览] 【整理】2015-10-02 PBS:走进亨利八世的宫廷-4

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  A generation earlier, the aristocracy has been at each other's throats. In a civil war where kings, dukes, lords and earls tore each other to shreds, Henry's father had triumphed. In victory he had put the Tudors on the throne, but the rival noble families still populated the royal court.
  These members of the aristocracy helped Henry, but they were also a threat to Henry. Many of them had very viable claims to the throne.
  He was very aware that in fact their claims to the throne were at least as strong as his own, if not stronger. Henry's paranoia led him to act very swiftly and decisively and brutally against any would-be plotters. If there was a rumor of a conspiracy, he would not wait for the evidence.
In 1521, his parania breaks into the open. A high-ranking noble in Henry's inner circle, the Duke of Buckingham is executed for treason.
  Duke of Buckingham was executed on very flimsy charges. His real crime was that he had royal blood.
  His destruction was a very clear signal sent by Henry. This is what happens if you nurture  ambitions to take the throne of England from the Tudors.
  With a paranoid insecure king on the throne, the aristocracy remain under suspicion. The door is open for men of low birth to make their mark.
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