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[word-lover] 【整理】2016-05-30 How to Use a Word

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[word-lover] 【整理】2016-05-30 How to Use a Word



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cristianjey在 整理的参考文本:
Transcript.

Today's word is cavalier, spelled C-A-V-A-L-I-E-R.

Cavalier is an adjective that means debonair. It can also mean marked by or given to offhand and often disdainful dismissal of important matters. Here is the word used in a sentence from Billboard.com by Gary Graff.

"At a certain point, however, he opened up,… though under the condition that there be no recorders or notepads. For a guy who was so careful and deliberate and micro-managed everything about his career, he became surprisingly cavalier about being quoted directly - or accurately."

According to a dictionary prepared by Thomas Blount in 1656, a cavalier was "a knight or gentleman, serving on horseback, a man of arms." That meaning is true to the history of the noun, which traces back to the Late Latin word caballarius, meaning "horseman." By around 1600, it had also come to denote "a roistering, swaggering fellow." In the 1640s, English Puritans applied it disdainfully to their adversaries, the swashbuckling Royalist followers of Charles I, who sported longish hair and swords. Although some thought those cavaliers to be "several sorts of Malignant Men,… ready to commit all manner of Outrage and Violence," others saw them as quite suave - which may explain why cavalier came to be either complimentary or a bit insulting.

I'm Peter Sokolowski with your Word of the Day.

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